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20.02.2024. UKRAINE. The second anniversary of Russia's full-scale invasion: professionalization of military journalism, pressure on investigative journalists, and misinformation in Telegram - Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) welcomes a significant decrease in the number of casualties, condemns Russian disinformation and censorship in the occupied territories

report by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine

Kyiv (Ukraine), 20 February 2023. 

1. The professionalization of military journalism

According to the Press Emblem Campaign, 38 media personnel have been killed during Russia's war with Ukraine since February 24, 2022, but only 4 in 2023, a significant drop. They died while on editorial assignment, or as soldiers on the battlefield or from Russian missile attacks. Two have been killed by Ukrainian strikes. Dozens more journalists were wounded.

Most journalists died in the first year of the war. Over time, the number of casualties decreased thanks to better organization of journalists' work on the front lines, the localization of combat operations, and the professionalization of war journalism. Specially trained staff have been introduced in newsrooms to cover the progress of the war. These employees are now well-equipped, capable of providing first aid, and knowledgeable about the rules of conduct in combat zones.

The ukrainian journalistic community is divided into those who regularly cover the war and those who have returned to the usual peaceful topics: economics, culture, and sports news.

The Ukrainian military's approach to working with journalists has also improved. While in 2022 and early 2023, journalists often complained about the military, accusing them of having a selective approach to representatives of different news outlets, excessive bureaucracy, and constantly changing rules, now such complaints are fewer. In early 2024, the Armed Forces of Ukraine even made positive changes to the rules for journalists covering the war, extending the validity of accreditation cards from six months to one year.

2. The new media law has yet to pose a problem for editorial work

Last year, we wrote that the new Ukrainian media law raised concerns and that it could be used to pressure journalists. Fortunately, our concerns have not been justified. The process of re-registering media according to the new media law is ongoing. For the first time in Ukraine, online media can register as media and thus gain greater legitimacy — in previous years, such publications were operating outside the law. Official media pages on social networks can also be registered to gain more trust from their readers.

Ukraine’s media law was one of seven conditions laid down by Brussels for fast-track EU-candidate status. The Parliament of Ukraine approved it at the end of 2022.

The new legislative changes have also relieved Ukrainian journalists of the obligation to coordinate interviews with their interviewees. Previously, such a requirement was contained in copyright laws. 

At the same time, the issue with state and quasi-state media has not yet been resolved. In Ukraine, both the state and municipalities can have their own media outlets, and these publications are often not editorially independent, distort the advertising market, and compete with independent media in the labor market.

3. Authorities are attempting to control the information space

The so-called Telethon continues to operate — the Unified News channel, which is run by several private companies and a public broadcaster. This channel broadcasts on multiple frequencies. “Unified News” was created immediately after the Russian invasion to mobilize Ukrainian society in the face of the threat of external aggression. Initially, it served such functions: providing the population with timely news and psychological support to Ukrainians. Over time, it became clear that the unified channel distorts reality in favor of the authorities. United News Channel is de facto controlled by the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine.

During the period from May 2022 to October 2023, trust in unified news decreased from 69% to 48%, according to data from a sociological survey by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS). And the viewership share decreased over the past year from approximately 13% to approximately 10% according to Nielsen company measurements.


At the same time, in 2022 three Ukrainian TV channels were taken off the air, allegedly due to links with former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, an opponent of Volodymyr Zelensky. These TV channels continue to broadcast via satellite, the Internet, and cable networks, but their audience has declined markedly. 

4. Social media as a threat to the spread of misinformation

According to USAID-Internews research, Ukrainians mostly read news on social networks, in particular, on the social network Telegram. And it is social networks that are becoming the main channel spreading Russian disinformation in Ukraine, WP writes, citing European intelligence.

Ukrainian intelligence also sees a threat from the social network Telegram. At the same time, it is impossible to ban the work of this social network. And it is not so much a question of the technical side of the issue — Ukraine has already banned the work of Russian social networks VKontakte, Odnoklassnik, and several Russian websites. However, this time many official Ukrainian authorities themselves are effectively using Telegram for their promo.

5. Russian-occupied territories remain news deserts

The work of independent journalists in the occupied territories remains impossible. Russia has introduced a regime of strict censorship, and any manifestations of honest journalism are suppressed. The occupiers kill Ukrainian journalists, and arrest or deport them. 

Occasionally, they organize fully controlled press tours for Western journalists to show the “normal life” of Ukrainians under occupation. For example, on January 29, 2024, a film crew from the German TV channel ZDF visited occupied Mariupol. The journalists were there in violation of Ukrainian law, through the territory, and with Russia's permission. They devoted part of their report to retelling Russian propaganda narratives. This caused great anger among Ukrainian journalists and officials. The Ukrainian public broadcaster and the Foreign Ministry spokesperson stated the matter. 

The situation in the occupied territories is still being reported anonymously by individual journalists or citizen journalists who, for various reasons, cannot leave. Even in Crimea, which Russia seized ten years ago, there are still such brave people. They use all the measures of secrecy: encrypted communication channels, pseudonyms, and contacts only with trusted persons. It is also difficult for them to get paid for their work due to sanctions and lack of economic ties, but money is not the main motivation for such journalists.

Another part of the truth about life in the occupied territories can be obtained through critical analysis of propaganda messages from there, monitoring of Russian social media, and documents of the occupation administrations.

6. Pressure on investigative journalists

Investigative journalism is strongly developed in Ukraine thanks to the support of Western grantors. A high-profile investigation by Bihus.info (named after its creator Denys Bihus) about theft in the army under former President Petro Poroshenko was one of the reasons for his defeat in the 2019 elections. 

A series of publications about corruption in the army by another well-known investigative journalist, Yuriy Nikolov (NashiGroshi project and publications in Dzerkalo Tyzhnia), led to the resignation of Ukraine's Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov in 2022. It was under President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and during a full-scale war with Russia. 

At the beginning of 2024, both these journalists were attacked. The Security Service of Ukraine conducted surveillance, phone tapping, and covert video recordings to discredit Denys Bihus and his team. Additionally, unknown individuals intimidated Yuriy Nikolov and attempted to break into his apartment. Other Ukrainian media outlets are also facing pressure, mostly in the informational sphere via anonymous channels on Telegram.

The scandals involving Bihus and Nikolov have caused a wide resonance both within the country and abroad. Ambassadors from G7 countries personally met with both journalists. President Volodymyr Zelensky was forced to dismiss the head of the Security Service of Ukraine department that monitored the journalists. At the same time, in the case of Yuriy Nikolov, the police only arrested the perpetrators but not the instigators of the provocation.

It cannot be said yet that this is a consistent policy of President Volodymyr Zelensky. Rather, the above-mentioned facts are the result of initiatives by certain individuals within Zelensky's circle who are involved in corruption and fear the results of journalistic investigations.

Andrii Ianitsky is a journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)



15.02.2024. AFGHANISTAN. PEC is very concerned by the deterioration of press freedom in Afghanistan and supports the recommendations of the report delivered for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the United Nations in Geneva by the Afghanistan Journalists Center.

1-      Presentation of the Organization

This statement is delivered on behalf of the Afghanistan Journalists Center(AFJC), a not-for-profit, independent, non-partisanorganization set up to defend and promote press freedom in Afghanistan.

2-      Plan of the Statement

This statement addresses the following issues: (1) state of media freedom in Afghanistan under Taliban rule (with a focus on Taliban directives on media freedom) (2) Press freedom violations after Taliban takeover of Afghanistan  

3-      Statement

i. state of media freedom in Afghanistan under Taliban rule

a. Follow-up to the previous review

In Afghanistan’s 2019 UPR, the then Afghan government accepted several recommendations on media and journalists’ rights calling for making further efforts to ensure freedom of expression, and a safe and secure environment for the work of journalists, taking steps to protect against obstruction of journalists' work and to establish a favourable and secure working environment for them. Additionally, taking concrete measures to improve conditions for journalists and adopting specific measures that enable them to work freely, without fear of reprisal or attack.1

1/HRC/32/2019/ Recommendation 136.127 (Republic of Korea) 136.126 (Norway); 136.125 (Lithuania); 136.124 (Italy); 136.123 (Iceland); 136.122 (France); 136.121 (Estonia); 136.120 (Chile);136.95 (Canada)

     b. New developments since the previous review

However, the former elected government of Afghanistan, which was weakened by the Taliban insurgency as well as violence, corruption, and flawed elections, did still uphold a wide range of individual rights, including supporting journalists and promoting a free and vibrant media before its collapse in August 2021. Nevertheless, the Taliban, while acknowledging the media laws and access to information of the previous government, have issued at least 15 directives that contradict the former media laws and propose amendments to the Media Law and Access to Information. These directives, though not following standard legal procedures, serve as the basis for the media and journalism policies of the Taliban government. The mass media law ensures freedom of thought and speech while overseeing mass media activities in Afghanistan and the access to information law guarantees the right of all Afghan citizens to obtain information from state departments.

The directives include the prohibition of women working in national radio and television, restrictions on media coverage of demonstrations and civil protests, restrictions on information, news access, and content production. It also mandates journalists and media to refer to the Taliban as Afghanistan's government, prohibits music publications in the media, bans women from appearing in TV dramas and prohibits film and serial publication. There is also media gender segregation and a ban on interviews between genders. Furthermore, the directives prohibit interviews with Taliban opponents and critics, forbid the broadcasting of international television programs in Afghanistan, require commercial announcements to align with political, security, and social content, and prohibit media from criticizing the performance of Taliban officials. Initially, there was a prohibition on photography and video interviews in Helmand province, but it was later canceled after a month. Additionally, there is a ban on women's voices in media in Helmand province. The directives also prohibit collaboration with "Prohibited Media" and media outlets from using "foreign terms".

    c. Recommendations:

We urge that media freedom and journalists' rights in Afghanistan be made prominent issues in the upcoming UPR. We call for the cancellation of the Taliban media directives and make the following recommendations:

1. End the ban on women working in state-owned radio and television.

2. End the prohibition on media coverage of demonstrations and civil protests.

3. End the restrictions on information, news access, and content production.

4. End the mandatory use of the term "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan" instead of Taliban, as the legitimate government of Afghanistan.

5. End the prohibition of music publications in the media.

6. End the ban on women appearing in television dramas and the prohibition of publishing films and serials.

7. End the gender segregation in media, the prohibition of interviews between men and women, and the obligation for women to cover their faces.

8. End the prohibition of interviews with Taliban opponents and critics.

9. End the prohibition of broadcasting international television programs in Afghanistan.

10. End the prohibition of coordination with the Taliban government on commercial announcements

11. End the prohibition of criticizing the performance of Taliban officials by the media.

12. End the ban on the publication of women in media (in Helmand province).

13. End the prohibition of collaboration between Afghan journalists and exiled media.

14. End the restriction on media on how to use of the national and official languages.

 ii. Press freedom violations                                                                               

       a. Follow-up to the previous review

During the Afghanistan previous UPR in 2019, the then Afghan government accepted several recommendations aimed at safeguarding journalists, ensuring their safety while working, and thoroughly investigating any attacks made against them. These measures are devised to put an end to the prevailing culture of impunity and hold accountable those who instigate violence or intimidation towards journalists, even if they happen to be government officials.2

2/HRC/32/2019/ Recommendation 136.127 (Republic of Korea) 136.125 (Lithuania); 136.124 (Italy); 136.123 (Iceland); 136.122 (France); 136.121 (Estonia); 136.102 (Albania); 136.101 (Greece); 136.95 (Canada); 136.94 (Argentina); 136.93 (United States)

The previous Afghan government established the Joint Committee for the Safety and Security of Journalists (JCSSJ) to tackle instances of violence against journalists. Established in 2016, this committee included representatives from security and legal institutions, senior government officials, as well as journalists and press freedom groups. Its primary objective was to ensure a secure environment for media workers. Regrettably, the committee was unable to fulfill its mandate due to several factors, such as the government's limited access to the Taliban and ISIS group, which were deemed as the main culprits behind attacks on journalists. Additionally, the judicial system's weaknesses and corruption, as well as inadequate law enforcement, further hindered the committee's implementation efforts.

     b. New developments since the previous review

Since the collapse of the former republican government and the Taliban's return to power on August 15, 2021, journalists and media personnel in Afghanistan have faced numerous obstacles and witnessed violations of their basic rights and legal protections. More than half of the 600 media outlets, including radio, television, print, and online platforms, have been forced to close down due to severe restrictions and economic difficulties. As a result, a significant number of media personnel, particularly women, have lost their jobs, and hundreds of journalists have been compelled to seek refuge in Europe, the US, or Canada. Many others remain in neighbouring countries, notably Pakistan and Iran, facing a state of uncertainty as they persistently strive for relocation to a third country.

According to the Afghanistan Journalists Center (AFJC), several media outlets are facing imminent collapse due to a range of factors, including dwindling funding, a shortage of trained media professionals, the absence of rights and business advertisements, and escalating restrictions on the media by the Taliban government, in particular the ministry of Vice and Virtue and General Directorate of Intelligence(GDI). Notably, the AFJC has documented a staggering 366 instances of media freedom violations in Afghanistan within a two-year period spanning the Taliban's rule from August 15, 2021, to August 15, 2023.

These incidents include the tragic loss of three media personnel, injuries sustained by 23 journalists, and the unjust detention of 176 individuals, often accompanied by physical violence, verbal abuse, and even torture. Shockingly, some of these detentions have persisted for months. Additionally, the report sheds light on at least 139 instances of threats and 25 cases of physical harassment and assaults against journalists.

According to the Afghanistan press freedom tracker run by the AFJC, responsibility for the imprisonment of journalists and media personnel, along with the ongoing deterioration in media freedom and freedom of expression, mainly rests with the Taliban General Directorate of Security (GDI). The GDI, which is the successor of the previous government's National Directorate of Intelligence (NDS), actively seeks to capture, intimidate, and coerce media professionals, hindering their capacity to report and express their views without constraints, both directly and indirectly.

      c. “Positive developments”

According to AFJC’s findings, at least 125 journalists and media workers lost their lives in Afghanistan during the two-decade tenure of the republic government. The primary causes of these casualties include targeted attacks attributed to ISIS and the Taliban, as well as incidents occurring during the former government, and US and NATO allies war against Taliban. However, targeted attacks on journalists have decreased drastically since the Taliban regained power on August 15, 2021, leading to a significant decrease in the overall death toll. Conversely, during the Taliban's rule spanning over two and a half years, there have been three reported deaths among journalists and media workers, with only one being a result of a targeted attack.

       d. Recommendations

The Taliban Ministry of Information and Culture has announced proposed amendments to the Afghanistan Media Law and the Law on Access to Information of the Republic Government. These amendments are expected to be approved by the Taliban leader in Kandahar in the near future. However, while the Taliban government states that the previous laws remain applicable until the ratification of the new ones, we strongly urge  to prioritize the implementation of these laws in order to foster an environment of free media activity. Therefore, we recommend that the following steps be taken:

a. Taliban government:

1. Respect and uphold press freedom as a fundamental human right, and ensure the safety and protection of journalists and media workers in accordance with the provisions of the media law.

2. Cease arbitrary detention of journalists and media personnel and immediately release any individuals currently held in custody.

4. Address the media violations through the Media Complaints and Rights Violations Commission, in accordance with the provisions of the media law.

5. Address cases of violence against journalists in a timely manner, and establish a special, single authority, in accordance with the legal requirements, so that journalists and media organizations have a contact point in the Taliban government to track and pursue these cases.

b. International community:

1. Enhance support for the resilient and dynamic Afghan media community, focusing on bolstering the independence and diversity of media outlets both domestically and in exile.

2. Enhance support for Afghan journalists who face immediate threats, including provisions for emergency visas, relocation assistance, and financial aid.

3. Enhance support for independent journalism and content that serves the public interest in Afghanistan, while concurrently providing essential humanitarian and development assistance.

4. Prioritize the protection of fundamental rights and the empowerment of Afghan women journalists, ensuring their active participation in the media landscape. 


13.02.2024. MYANMAR. PEC condemns Myanmar junta for murdering reporter

With Nava Thakuria PEC’s southeast Asia representative

Geneva, 13 February 2024:  Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, has condemned the murder of Myanmar  journalist Ko Myat Thu Tun (alias Phoe Thiha) along with six other political prisoners by the military junta under their custody. It came to public notice only after the Arakan Army, a Rakhine based ethnic armed group, captured  Mrauk-U township from the junta forces and discovered their bodies, reported local media.

According to a statement issued by the Arakan Army, most of the deceased were under forties and the exact dates of their killing are yet to be confirmed. A former reporter for Democratic Voice of Burma, Myat Thu Tun also contributed under the name of Phoe Thiha  to other media outlets like 7Day News Journal, The Voice, Development Media Group, etc. Another victim  Ko Kyaw Zan Wai  was an active  social media user, who often posted humorous content about the junta.

“It’s shocking that the Rakhine journalist was murdered by the junta soldiers when he was under their custody. The frustrated military junta, which is facing offensives from a number of armed groups with failures in many battles, must respect the civilian’s rights. For any reason, the Min Aung Hlaing led military regime in Naypietaw, should be allowed to kill a  media person. We demand a fair probe into the incident to bring the military dictators under the international criminal laws,” said PEC president Blaise Lempen.

PEC’s southeast Asia representative informed that Myat Thu Tun along with other six civilians were seemingly killed on  31 January by two soldiers belonging to 378th Light Infantry Battalion as they faced the AA offensive in Mrauk-U locality in western Myanmar.  The bodies were also buried in a bomb shelter near the township hospital. Shockingly, the junta has not issued any statement on the incident and hence the family was unaware about the death of Myat Thu Tun, who was arrested from his residence a few months back.
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06.02.2024. AZERBAIJAN. PEC is very concerned by the wave of repression against journalists, human rights defenders and opposition activists on the occasion of Azerbaijan's snap presidential election and condemns the Azerbaijani authorities for expelling from Azerbaijan a short-term observer of the OSCE/ODIHR mission, Swiss parliamentarian Nik Gugger (with AZEX).

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) joined the Azerbaijani Exiled Civic Coalition (AZEX), represented by the Institute for Human Rights (IHR) and the Institute for Reporters' Freedom and Safety (IRFS), in condemning the Azerbaijani authorities for unleashing a new wave of repression against journalists, human rights defenders and opposition activists ahead of Azerbaijan's snap presidential election and call on the head of state, Ilham Aliyev, to immediately release all of his critics, as well as to ensure all fundamental freedoms in the country.

PEC, IHR and IRFS are particularly concerned about the brutality of the Azerbaijani authorities' pre-election crackdown on freedom of expression, which has resulted in the imprisonment of journalists Ulvi Hasanli, Mahammad Kekalov, Sevinj Vagifgizi, Nargiz Absalamova, Hafiz Babaly, Elnara Gasimova, Teymur Kerimov, Shamo Eminov, Aziz Orujev, Arshad Ibrahimova, Ibrahim Humbatov, Gabil Veliyev and Shahin Rzayev.

PEC and AZEX Coalition call on the Azerbaijani authorities to release all political prisoners and guarantee the respect of all fundamental rights in the country.

"Despite the fact that almost all recently detained journalists are accused of absurd charges of receiving illegal funding from abroad, the real reason for their prosecution is the implementation of high-profile journalistic anti-corruption investigations and daily publications revealing systematic and massive violations of socio-economic and political rights of Azerbaijani citizens", said AZEX co-chairman Emin Huseynov. The dynamics of intensified repression, which has lasted for more than a year and was marked by the arrests of such prominent critics of the authorities as journalist Avaz Zeynalli, human rights activist Bakhtiyar Hajiyev, eco-activist Nazim Beydemirli, and economist Gubad Ibadoglu, as well as the toughening of legislation regulating the work of the media and political parties, indicates that the Azerbaijani authorities intend to completely destroy independent civil society institutions inside the country in the next two years. "In order to systematically and objectively respond to the suppression of civil, political, and socio-economic rights in Azerbaijan, we have established a new civic initiative and will call on all international structures to which Azerbaijan is a member to respond promptly to egregious human rights violations in the country," Huseynov concluded.

The IHR and IRFS are shocked by the ongoing politically motivated persecution of representatives of civil society in Azerbaijan, in the run-up to the elections. As a result: the famous trade union activist Elvin Mustafayev was sentenced to 3 years in prison; blogger Rashad Ramazanov was sentenced to 5 years and 4 months in prison; social activist and blogger Arzu Sayadoglu was kidnapped by the State Security Service and brought as a defendant in a criminal case.

The intimidation organized by the authorities through controlled media is of particular concern as non-governmental civil organizations specializing in monitoring elections are presented as illegal entities whose activities are directed against the state interests of Azerbaijan. Thus, a campaign of harassment has been launched against Anar Mammedli, winner of the Vaclav Havel Prize awarded to him by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, in which he is accused of receiving illegal funding in the run-up to the elections with the aim of deliberately discrediting the presidential elections.

PEC also joined the Azerbaijani Exiled Civic Coalition (AZEX) in condemning the Azerbaijani authorities for expelling from Azerbaijan a short-term observer of the OSCE/ODIHR mission, Swiss parliamentarian Nik Gugger, and considers this step to be integral part of a large-scale campaign of denigration and demonization of international organizations that demand that Azerbaijan comply with its obligations in the field of ensuring democracy and respecting human rights in the country.

Despite the fact that Nik Gugger had accreditation and was nominated by the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was subjected to demonstrative deportation under the pretext of membership in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

The above actions are the actual political arbitrariness of the Azerbaijani authorities, they challenge the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in response to the just suspension of the powers of the Azerbaijani delegation to PACE, starting on January 24, 2024, for systematic violations of human rights and the country’s disregard towards its obligations to the Council of Europe,” said co-chairman of AZEX Emin Huseynov.

14.01.2024. MYANMAR. PEC demands release of fearless Burmese journalist- filmmaker Shin Daewe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC' southeast Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses serious concern over the 
imprisonment of fearless Burmese journalist- filmmaker Shin Daewe for live by the ruling military junta of Myanmar 
(also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) and demands her immediate release along with other over 50 jailed scribes. The 
award-wiinning documentary producer was sentenced for life imprisonment on 10 January 2024 by a military court inside Insein
prison in Yangon (formerly Rangoon) on terrorism charges. Shin (50) was arrested by the Burmese soldiers  from
a bus terminal in Yangon on 15 October as she was shooting videos by a drone.

Once worked as a video journalist for Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB), Shin covered various socio-political issues  affecting the  southeast Asian nation. Later she developed herself as a brave  documentary filmmaker
and many of her productions were honoured in international events. Her work titled Now I'm 13, which narrates the struggle of  an
illiterate but intelligent young girl in central rural Myanmar endeavouring for education, received appreciation from the art
connoisseurs. Her husband alleged that she has been repeatedly tortured during interrogation by the junta forces.

“It’s shocking that the military rulers have imprisoned a  lady journalist- filmmaker with the allegation of abetting terrorism in the
troubled country, which is undergoing a almost civil war since the junta orchestrated  a coup   on 1  February 2021 dethrowning a
democratically elected government under the leadership of Nobel laureate Aung Sah Suu Kyi. The junta (identified themselves as
Military Council) must unconditionally release Shin Daewe along with other  detained and imprisoned journalists,” said Blaise
Lempen, president of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch).

Days back, the Independent Press Council Myanmar (IPCM) also denounced the arbitrary arrest and imprisonment of journalists by the junta in the last three months. It confirmed that  52 journalists remain unjustly incarcerated by the military council till date. 
The IPCM asserted its commitment to expediting the release of detained journalists promptly and also safeguarding the rights
of media outlets to express their news & views freely. The council also decided to collaborate with other organizations dedicated
 to the safety of media workers, exerting every possible effort to secure the freedom of journalists, and prevent the recurrence 
of such arrests.

PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that since the last military coup, the junta forces  arrested over 170 journalists and only  118 have been  released. The poverty stricken country of around 55 million population has already lost four journalists namely Pu Tuidim (founder of Khonumthung news agency), Sai Win Aung (editor of  Federal News Journal) 
along with  Soe Naing and Aye Kaw (both were freelance photojournalists) to junta atrocities since the coup day in different occasions.
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03.01.2024. PEC annual report 2023 the deadliest year for journalists since 2012

(French and Spanish after English)

Geneva, 3 January 2024 (PEC) With 140 journalists killed, 2023 was the deadliest year in ten years, the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) announced in Geneva on Wednesday. Two-thirds of the victims were in the Middle East, with almost one killed every day in the last three months of the year in Gaza.

Of the 140 media workers killed in 28 countries, at least 81 have been killed in the Gaza Strip since 7 October (106 according to Gaza Media Office, the differences in the figures are due to differences in the qualification of the journalist profession). All were Palestinian, most of them working for several media, including foreign media. They were killed in indiscriminate Israeli strikes, often in their homes, along with members of their families.

Systematic destruction

"We condemn these indiscriminate strikes, which do not distinguish between civilians and Hamas fighters. While it is difficult to verify whether journalists were intentionally targeted or not, the Israeli army has systematically destroyed the Palestinian media in Gaza by bombing their offices and facilities", said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

This is the highest media death toll in a conflict in such a short space of time. The PEC regrets that foreign media access to Gaza remains impracticable due to the security conditions, which prevents independent reporting from the parties to the conflict.

Mexico, Guatemala, Ukraine

Outside the Gaza Strip, 59 journalists have been killed in 27 countries. The situation did not improve in Mexico, where 9 journalists have been killed, and deteriorated in Guatemala, where 5 were killed. Four journalists died in the war in Ukraine (1 Italian, 1 French, 2 Russians), as did 4 in Israel during the Hamas attack on 7 October.

Three victims were recorded in Cameroon, India, Lebanon and Pakistan. Two victims were reported in the following countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Haiti, Nigeria, the Philippines and the United States of America.

Lastly, the PEC recorded one journalist killed in the following countries: Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Paraguay, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan and Syria.

By region, the Middle East led the way with 64% of cases, or 90 deaths, followed by Latin America with 20, Asia with 12, Africa with 11, Europe with 4 and North America with 3.

The PEC strongly condemns all these attacks and sends its condolences to the victims' families and loved ones. The Geneva-based NGO calls for those responsible for these crimes to be brought to justice as quickly as possible. In particular, the UN must investigate the exact circumstances in which Palestinian journalists have been killed since 7 October.

More than 20% increase

Compared with 2022 (116 killed), a year marked by the start of the war in Ukraine, the increase in the number of victims is just over 20%. In 2012, the deadliest year since the beginning of the century, 141 journalists were killed (including 35 in the war in Syria).

Over the last five years (2019 to 2023), the most dangerous countries for media workers were the Gaza Strip (Palestine) with 81 killed, followed by Mexico with 61 and Ukraine with 39. Next came Pakistan with 32 deaths, India 31, Afghanistan 29, the Philippines 19, Honduras 14 and Syria 14, followed by Haiti 12 and Somalia 10.

Over the last ten years (2014 to 2023), 1,147 media workers have been killed, an average of 2.2 per week.

The PEC includes in its statistics all journalists killed, whether or not their death was related to their professional activity. It is difficult to prove that a crime was committed in connection with a journalist's work without a full and independent investigation, which is often lacking.

List of victims, graphs on : https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml

PEC rapport annuel - 2023 année la plus meurtrière pour les journalistes depuis 2012

Genève, 3 janvier 2024 (PEC) Avec 140 journalistes tués, l’année 2023 a été la plus meurtrière de ces dix dernières années, a annoncé mercredi à Genève la Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC). Les deux tiers des victimes ont été recensées au Moyen-Orient, avec près d’un tué par jour au cours des trois derniers mois de l’année à Gaza.

Sur les 140 travailleurs des médias tués dans 28 pays, au moins 81 l’ont été à Gaza depuis le 7 octobre dernier (106 selon le bureau des médias à Gaza, les différences dans les chiffres sont dues à des différences dans la qualification de la profession de journaliste). Il s’agit exclusivement de Palestiniens, la plupart travaillant pour plusieurs médias dont des médias étrangers. Ils ont été tués lors de frappes israéliennes indiscriminées, souvent à leur domicile, avec des membres de leur famille.

Destruction systématique

«Nous condamnons ces frappes indiscriminées qui ne font pas la différence entre civils et combattants du Hamas. S’il est difficile de vérifier si les journalistes ont été intentionnellement ciblés ou non, l’armée israélienne a procédé à la destruction systématique des médias palestiniens à Gaza en bombardant leurs bureaux et leurs installations», a déclaré le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

Il s’agit du bilan le plus élevé dans les rangs des médias lors d’un conflit en un si court laps de temps. La PEC regrette que l’accès des médias étrangers à Gaza reste impraticable en raison des conditions de sécurité, ce qui empêche une information indépendante des parties au conflit.

Mexque, Guatemala, Ukraine

En dehors de la bande de Gaza, 59 journalistes ont été tués dans 27 pays. La situation ne s’est pas améliorée au Mexique avec 9 tués, elle s’est détériorée au Guatemala avec 5 tués. Quatre journalistes sont morts dans la guerre en Ukraine (1 Italien, 1 Français, 2 Russes), ainsi que 4 en Israël lors de l’attaque du Hamas le 7 octobre.

Trois victimes ont été recensées au Cameroun, en Inde, au Liban, et au Pakistan. Deux victimes sont à déplorer dans les pays suivants : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Haïti, Nigeria, Philippines, États-Unis d’Amérique.

Enfin, la PEC a dénombré un journaliste tué dans les pays suivants : Argentine, Canada, Colombie, Égypte, Honduras, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Paraguay, Rwanda, Somalie, Soudan et Syrie.

Par région, le Moyen-orient arrive en tête avec 64 % des cas, soit 90 tués, devant l’Amérique latine 20 tués, l’Asie 12, l’Afrique 11, l’Europe 4 et l’Amérique du Nord 3.

La PEC condamne fermement toutes ces attaques et adresse ses condoléances aux familles et proches des victimes. L’ONG basée à Genève demande que les responsables de ces crimes soient poursuivis en justice le plus rapidement possible. En particulier, l’ONU doit enquêter sur les circonstances exactes dans lesquels les journalistes palestiniens ont trouvé la mort depuis le 7 octobre.

Hausse de plus de 20 %

Par rapport à 2022 (116 tués), année marquée par le début de la guerre en Ukraine, la hausse du nombre de victimes est d’un peu plus de 20 %. Lors de l’année 2012, la plus meurtrière depuis le début du siècle, 141 journalistes avaient été tués (dont 35 dans la guerre en Syrie).

Sur les cinq dernières années (2019 à 2023), les pays les plus dangereux pour les travailleurs des médias ont été la bande de Gaza (Palestine) avec 81 tués, devant le Mexique 61 tués et l’Ukraine 39 tués. Suivent le Pakistan avec 32 tués, l’Inde 31, l’Afghanistan 29, les Philippines 19, le Honduras 14 et la Syrie 14 également, puis Haïti 12 et la Somalie 10 tués.

Au cours des dix dernières années (2014 à 2023), 1147 travailleurs des médias ont été tués, soit2,2 par semaine en moyenne.

La PEC considère dans sa statistique tous les journalistes tués, que leur décès soit lié ou non à leur activité professionnelle. Il est en effet difficile de prouver qu’un crime est commis en relation avec le travail d’un journaliste sans une enquête indépendante et complète qui fait souvent défaut.

Liste des victimes, graphiques sur : https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml

Informe Anual de la PEC 2023 - 2023 ha sido el año más mortífero para los periodistas desde 2012

Ginebra, 3 de enero de 2024 (PEC).- Con 140 periodistas asesinados, el año 2023 fue el más mortífero de los últimos diez años, anunció el miércoles en Ginebra la Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés). Dos tercios de las víctimas se registraron en Medio Oriente, con casi un muerto por día en los últimos tres meses del año en Gaza.

De los 140 trabajadores de los medios asesinados en 28 países, al menos 81 han sido asesinados en Gaza desde el 7 de octubre (106 según la Oficina de Medios de Gaza, las diferencias en las cifras se deben a diferencias en la calificación de la profesión periodística). Se trata de palestinos, la mayoría de los cuales trabajan para varios medios de comunicación, incluidos medios extranjeros. Murieron en ataques israelíes indiscriminados, a menudo en sus hogares, junto con sus familiares.

Destrucción sistemática

Condenamos estos ataques indiscriminados que no diferencian entre civiles y combatientes de Hamás. Si bien es difícil verificar si los periodistas fueron atacados intencionalmente o no, el ejército israelí llevó a cabo la destrucción sistemática de los medios palestinos en Gaza bombardeando sus oficinas e instalaciones”, afirmó el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.

Se trata del mayor número de víctimas entre los medios de comunicación durante un conflicto en tan poco tiempo. La PEC también lamenta que el acceso de los medios extranjeros en Gaza siga siendo intransitable debido a las condiciones de seguridad, lo que impide una información independiente de las partes en conflicto.

México, Guatemala, Ucrania

Fuera de la franja de Gaza, 59 periodistas fueron asesinados en 27 países.

La situación no mejoró en México con 9 muertos, empeoró en Guatemala con 5 muertos. Cuatro periodistas murieron en la guerra de Ucrania (1 italiano, 1 francés, 2 rusos), así como 4 en Israel durante el ataque de Hamás el 7 de octubre.

Se registraron tres víctimas en Camerún, India, Líbano y Pakistán.

De la misma manera, hay que lamentar dos víctimas en los siguientes países: Afganistán, Bangladesh, Haití, Nigeria, Filipinas y Estados Unidos de América.

Finalmente, la PEC contabilizó un periodista asesinado en los siguientes países: Argentina, Canadá, Colombia, Egipto, Honduras, Lesoto, Mali, Mozambique, Paraguay, Ruanda, Somalia, Sudán y Siria.

Por regiones, Oriente Medio ocupa el primer lugar con el 64% de los casos, o 90 muertes, por delante de América Latina con 20 muertes; Asia 12; África, 11; Europa, 4; y América del Norte, 3.

La PEC condena enérgicamente todos estos ataques y envía sus condolencias a las familias y seres queridos de las víctimas. La ONG con sede en Ginebra pide que los responsables de estos crímenes comparezcan ante la justicia lo antes posible. En particular, la ONU debe investigar las circunstancias exactas en las que han muerto periodistas palestinos desde el 7 de octubre.

Un aumento de más del 20%

En comparación con 2022 (116 muertos), año marcado por el inicio de la guerra en Ucrania, el aumento del número de víctimas es de poco más del 20%. En 2012, el año más mortífero desde principios de siglo, 141 periodistas fueron asesinados (incluidos 35 en la guerra en Siria)

En los últimos cinco años (2019 a 2023), los países más peligrosos para los trabajadores de los medios de comunicación han sido la Franja de Gaza (Palestina) con 81 muertos, por delante de México con 61 muertos; y Ucrania con 39 muertos.

Le sigue Pakistán con 32 muertos, India 31, Afganistán 29, Filipinas 19, Honduras 14 y Siria también 14, luego Haití 12 y Somalia 10 muertos.

En los últimos diez años (de 2014 a 2023), 1.147 trabajadores de los medios han sido asesinados, o 2,2 por semana en promedio.

La PEC considera en sus estadísticas a todos los periodistas asesinados, esté o no relacionada su muerte con su actividad profesional. De hecho, es difícil demostrar que se ha cometido un delito en relación con el trabajo de un periodista sin una investigación independiente y completa, que a menudo falta.

Consúltese la lista de víctimas y gráficos en: https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml


14.12.2023. MYANMAR. PEC expresses concern over arrest of Burmese journalists

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses concern over the arrest of two more online journalists in Myanmar (also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) by the military rulers, who are currently facing armed offensive from different anti-junta rebel groups in various parts of the southeast Asian nation.

The media outlets in Yangon (Rangoon) reported that the military forces have picked up Aung San Oo and Myo Myint Oo, who are associated withTanintharyi Weekly Journal (published by Dawei Watch media group) from their residences in Dawei locality of southern Myanmar. Theircomputers and mobile phones were also confiscated by the security personnel after the midnight raid on Monday.

It’s unfortunate that the media persons in Myanmar continue to face harassment from the military regime in Naypyitaw since long back. We urge the authorities to release all the working journalists as they did only their duties. In any circumstances journalism must not be treated as crime,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

PEC’s Asian regional representative Nava Thakuria informs that since the present batch of military dictators grabbed power after a coup on 1 February 2021, no less that 150 media workers were arrested and some of them even imprisoned under various fictitious laws. Till date nearly 50 journalists are behind the bars waiting trials in the military courts. A number of media outlets were already closed down and most of the journalists had left the country to escape the military atrocities.

07.12.2023. ISRAEL-GAZA. Record number of journalists killed in 2 months of war in Gaza

(en français après l'anglais)


Geneva, 7 December 2023 (PEC) The Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is appalled by the large number of journalists killed in two months of war in Gaza. Since the Hamas attack on 7 October, at least 65 media workers have died as a result of the hostilities, more than one casualty a day: 58 Palestinian journalists in Gaza, 4 Israelis on 7 October and 3 in Lebanon.

"Since the creation of the PEC nearly 20 years ago, never before have so many journalists died in a conflict in such a short time", said Blaise Lempen, President of the Geneva-based NGO.

"We salute the courage of the Palestinian journalists who remain on the ground in Gaza to continue reporting despite the high risks involved", he added.

Warning measures were insufficient. Many of them have been killed with their families. The PEC recalls that under humanitarian law all civilians are protected from direct attack and the effects of conflict, as long as they are not taking a direct part in hostilities.

The PEC urges:

- the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to investigate in order to shed full light on the circumstances of these murders and to identify those responsible

- Israeli commanders responsible for the conduct of hostilities on the ground to distinguish between civilians and combatants and to respect the press emblem worn by journalists

- media companies to exercise the utmost caution so as not to endanger their employees

- the international community to launch work on an international convention to strengthen the protection of the media in wartime

- the Israeli government to propose a credible diplomatic solution to end the conflict.

Since the beginning of the year, at least 110 journalists have been killed in the world, according to the PEC figures.


Communiqué PEC -  Nombre record de journalistes tués en 2 mois de guerre à Gaza

Genève, 7 décembre 2023 (PEC) La Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC) est consternée par le grande nombre de journalistes tués en deux mois de guerre à Gaza. Depuis l’attaque du Hamas le 7 octobre, au moins 65 travailleurs des médias sont morts à cause des hostilités, soit plus d’une victime par jour : 58 journalistes palestiniens à Gaza, 4 Israéliens le 7 octobre, 3 au Liban.

«Depuis la création de la PEC il y a près de 20 ans, jamais autant de journalistes ne sont morts dans un conflit en un si court laps de temps», a affirmé le président de l’ONG basée à Genève Blaise Lempen.

«Nous saluons le courage des journalistes palestiniens qui restent sur le terrain à Gaza pour continuer à informer malgré les risques élevés encourus», a-t-il ajouté.

Les mesures d'avertissement ont été insuffisantes. Beaucoup d’entre eux ont été tués avec leur famille. La PEC rappelle que selon le droit humanitaire tous les civils sont protégés contre les attaques directes et les effets du conflit, tant qu'ils ne participent pas directement aux hostilités .

La PEC demande instamment :

- au Haut Commissariat aux droits de l’homme de l’ONU d’enquêter afin de faire toute la lumière sur les circonstances de ces meurtres et d’en identifier les responsables

- aux commandants israéliens responsables de la conduite des hostilités sur le terrain de distinguer entre civils et combattants et de respecter l’emblème de la presse porté par les journalistes

- aux entreprises de médias de faire preuve de la plus grande prudence afin de ne pas mettre en danger leurs collaborateurs

- à la communauté internationale de lancer les travaux d’une convention internationale chargée de renforcer la protection des médias en temps de guerre

- au gouvernement israélien de proposer une solution diplomatique crédible pour mettre un terme au conflit.

Depuis le début de l’année, au moins 110 journalistes ont été tués dans le mode, selon le décompte de la PEC.


02.11.2023. International Day to End Impunity - Gaza: record number of journalists killed in October – call for a commission of enquiry

(French and Spanish after English - see also our page Casualties)

Geneva, 2 November 2023 (PEC) The Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) deplores the high number of journalists killed in the conflict between Israel and Hamas, on the occasion of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists. The organisation is calling for independent investigations to shed light on all these war crimes and for the UN to set up a commission of enquiry.

In October, 36 journalists were killed, 33 of them in connection with the conflict between Israel and Hamas (28 Palestinians in Gaza, 4 Israelis and 1 in Lebanon). "These are clearly war crimes and an unprecedented slaughter of the media due to the fact that hostilities are taking place in a densely populated area", said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

"We deeply deplore all the civilian victims, those deliberately and systematically murdered by Hamas, as well as the Palestinian victims subjected to Israeli bombardment", he added.

According to the PEC's findings, although Israel warned the civilian population, including the media, before its bombardments, warning them to leave the intended targets of its fire, the fire was often not precise enough to avoid collateral casualties. Buildings housing media outlets were deliberately targeted, with the aim of silencing the voice of the Palestinian media. "Hamas's crimes are unjustifiable, but Israel's response is disproportionate", said Blaise Lempen.

Under inUernational humanitarian law, all parties must distinguish between combatants and civilians at all times. Civilians and civilian objects must never be the target of an attack. Protection measures for journalists were clearly insufficient to guarantee impartial information on the ground. Foreign media access has been blocked by Israel to the detriment of the right to information.

Call for a commission of enquiry

The PEC calls on the belligerents to show the utmost restraint in the continuation of operations. Duly accredited and identified journalists must be able to do their work without hindrance or danger.

There must be no impunity. It is essential that independent investigations take place in order to shed light on these crimes. Their exact circumstances must be clarified by the relevant UN bodies and those responsible must be held to account. The PEC calls on the Human Rights Council to create a commission of enquiry to elucidate the crimes of all the belligerents in the war that began on 7 October.

The sources are the Palestinian and Israeli media and Palestinian NGOs, including the Palestinian Journalists' Union. For more details on the victims, see the CPJ website: https://cpj.org/2023/10/journalist-casualties-in-the-israel-gaza-conflict/

Since the beginning of 2023, a total of 74 journalists worldwide have been killed in attacks, bombings or targeted assassinations, according to PEC statistics.

The International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists is held every year on 2 November. It was established in 2013 by the UN General Assembly in memory of two French journalists, Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon, who were murdered on 2 November 2013 in Mali.


Journée internationale pour mettre fin à l’unimpité

Gaza : nmbre record de journalistes tués en octobre – appel à une commission d’enquête

Genève, 2 novembre 2023 (PEC) La Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC) déplore le grand nombre de journalistes victimes du conflit entre Israël et le Hamas, à l’occasion de la Journée internationale de la fin de l’impunité pour les crimes commis contre les journalistes. L’organisation demande que des enquêtes indépendantes aient lieu pour faire la lumière sur tous ces crimes de guerre et que l’ONU crée une commission d’enquête.

Au cours du mois d’octobre, 36 journalistes ont été tués, dont 33 liés au conflit entre Israël et le Hamas (28 Palestiniens à Gaza, 4 Israéliens, 1 au Liban). «Il s’agit clairement de crimes de guerre et d’une hécatombe sans précédent parmi les médias due au fait que les hostilités ont lieu dans une zone densément peuplée», a affirmé le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

«Nous déplorons vivement toutes les victimes civiles, celles assassinées de manière délibérée et systématique par le Hamas ainsi que les victimes palestiniennes soumises aux bombardements israéliens», a-t-il ajouté.

Selon les constatations faites par la PEC, si Israël a averti la population civile, y compris les médias, avant ses bombardements, en lui enjoignant de quitter les cibles prévues de ses tirs. ceux-ci n’ont souvent pas été assez précis pour éviter des victimes collatérales. Des immeubles abritant des médias ont été délibérément visés, dans le but de faire taire la voix des médias palestiniens.

«Les crimes du Hamas sont injustifiables, mais la riposte d’Israël est disproportionnée», a encore déclaré Blaise Lempen.

Selon le droit international humanitaire, toutes les parties doivent faire la distinction, à tout moment, entre les combattants et les civils. Les civils et les biens de caractère civil ne doivent jamais être la cible d'une attaque.

Les mesures de protection des journalistes ont été clairement insuffisantes pour garantir une information impartiale sur le terrain. L’accès des médias étrangers a été bloqué par Israël au détriment du droit à l’information.

Appel à une commission d’enquête

La PEC appelle les belligérants à faire preuve de la plus grande retenue dans la suite des opérations. Les journalistes dûment accrédités et identifiés doivent pouvoir faire leur travail sans entraves et sans danger.

Il ne doit pas y avoir d’impunité. Il est essentiel que des enquêtes indépendantes aient lieu de manière à faire la lumière sur ces crimes. Leurs circonstances exactes doivent être clarifiées par les organes compétents de l’ONU et les responsables devront rendre des comptes. La PEC appelle le Conseil des droits de l’homme à créer une commission d’enquête pour élucider les crimes de tous les belligérants dans la guerre entamée le 7 octobre.

Les sources sont les médias palestiniens et israéliens et les ONG palestiniennes , dont le syndicat des journalistes palestiniens. Voir pour plus de détails sur les victimes le site du CPJ : https://cpj.org/2023/10/journalist-casualties-in-the-israel-gaza-conflict/

Depuis  le début de 2023, dans le monde, un total de 74 journalistes ont été tués dans des attentats, des bombardements ou des assassinats ciblés, selon les statistiques de la PEC.

La Journée internationale de la fin de l’impunité pour les crimes commis contre les journalistes a lieu chaque année le 2 novembre . Elle a été créée en 2013 par l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU en mémoire de deux journalistes français, Ghislaine Dupont et Claude Verlon, assassinés le 2 novembre 2013 au Mali.

​​​​​​​Día Internacional para Poner Fin a la Impunidad

Cifra récord de periodistas asesinados en octubre - Convocatoria de comisión de investigación

Ginebra, 2 de noviembre de 2023 (PEC).- La PEC deplora el gran número de periodistas víctimas del conflicto entre Israel y Hamás, con motivo del Día Mundial para poner fin a la impunidad de los crímenes contra periodistas. La organización pide que se lleven a cabo investigaciones independientes para arrojar luz sobre todos estos crímenes de guerra y que la ONU cree una comisión de investigación.

Durante el mes de octubre, 36 periodistas fueron asesinados, entre ellos 33 vinculados al conflicto entre Israel y Hamás (28 palestinos en Gaza, 4 israelíes, 1 en el Líbano). "Estos son claramente crímenes de guerra y una masacre sin precedentes entre los medios de comunicación debido al hecho de que las hostilidades tienen lugar en una zona densamente poblada", dijo el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.

"Deploramos profundamente a todas las víctimas civiles, a los asesinados de manera deliberada y sistemática por Hamás, así como a las víctimas palestinas sometidas a los bombardeos israelíes", añadió.

Según las conclusiones de la PEC, Israel advirtió a la población civil, incluidos los medios de comunicación, antes de sus bombardeos, ordenándolas que abandonaran los objetivos previstos por sus disparos. A menudo, estos no eran lo suficientemente precisos como para evitar víctimas colaterales. Los edificios que albergaban medios de comunicación fueron atacados deliberadamente, con el objetivo de silenciar la voz de los medios palestinos.

"Los crímenes de Hamás son injustificables, pero la respuesta de Israel es desproporcionada", afirmó Blaise Lempen.

Las medidas para proteger a los periodistas fueron claramente insuficientes para garantizar información imparcial sobre el terreno. Israel ha bloqueado el acceso a los medios de comunicación extranjeros en detrimento del derecho a la información.

La PEC pide a los beligerantes que muestren la mayor moderación en la continuación de las operaciones. Los periodistas debidamente acreditados e identificados deben poder realizar su trabajo sin obstáculos y sin peligro.

Convocatoria de comisión de investigación

No debe haber impunidad. Es esencial que se lleven a cabo investigaciones independientes para arrojar luz sobre estos crímenes. Los órganos pertinentes de la ONU deben aclarar sus circunstancias exactas y los responsables deben rendir cuentas. La PEC pide al Consejo de Derechos Humanos que cree una comisión de investigación para dilucidar los crímenes de todos los beligerantes en la guerra que comenzó el 7 de octubre.

Las fuentes son medios de comunicación palestinos e israelíes y ONG palestinas, incluido el Sindicato de Periodistas Palestinos. Para obtener más detalles sobre las víctimas, consulte el sitio web del CPJ: https://cpj.org/2023/10/journalist-casualties-in-the-israel-gaza-conflict/

Desde principios de 2023, en todo el mundo, un total de 74 periodistas han muerto en ataques, bombardeos o asesinatos selectivos, según las estadísticas de la PEC.

El 2 de noviembre de cada año se celebra el Día Internacional para Poner Fin a la Impunidad de los Crímenes contra Periodistas. Fue creado en 2013 por la Asamblea General de la ONU en memoria de dos periodistas franceses, Ghislaine Dupont y Claude Verlon, asesinados el 2 de noviembre de 2013 en Mali.

​​​​​​​

31.10.2023. MYANMAR. PEC expresses concern over arrest of Rakhine reporter by military junta

With Nava Thakuria, PEC Southeast' Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, has expressed concern over the recent arrest of a Rakhine reporter in western Myanmar and urged the military junta to release Ko Htet Aung along with other nearly 30 media persons, who were detained, arrested and imprisoned in the southeast Asian country after the military rulers grabbed power overthrowing a democratically elected government in NayPieTaw on 1 February 2021.

Media reports from Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine (also known as Arakan) State under Myanmar (Burma/Brahmadesh), reveal that the military personnel raided the office independent media outlet Development Media Group on 29 October 2023 and arrested a reporter (Htet Aung) and a night watchman (Ko Soe Win Aung). They also seized office computers, cameras, bank-documents etc and finally sealed the building.

Narinjara News, a Rakhine news agency, reported that a group of military personnel also went to Htet Aung’s house in the afternoon (on Sunday) and asked a number of questions relating to him. The DMG management asserted that arrest of a journalist and raid of a media office is a clear violation of media freedom & expression that deprives people’s right to information, stated the news agency, adding that both the detainees were taken to Sittwe police station.

The notorious Burmese junta has not changed its policy to crack down the opposition voices which can make them uncomfortable in front of the international community. So the journalists are also being targeted in Myanmar. But the journalists must be allowed to perform their duty on the ground,” said Blaime Lempen, president of PEC, reminding the junta leader Min Aung Hlaing that journalism is not a crime.

PEC’s southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that the DMG, which was established in 2012, usually covers the political turmoil and armed conflicts in the Rakhine localities. Till date, five independent media outlets were shut down and many are facing legal legal actions from the military rulers. No less than 125 media persons (including women journalists) have been arrested since the military coup two years back and one third of them are still behind bars, added Thakuria.



14.10.2023. ISRAEL/GAZA/LEBANON.  Dramatic increase of journalists killed and injured in one week

Geneva, October 14, 2023 (PEC) - Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is shocked and deeply saddened by the dramatic increase of journalists killed and injured in one week. Since the start of the fighting between Hamas and Israel on October 7th, at least 7 journalists were killed and ten injured. The killings underscore the need for immediate action to protect journalists working in conflict zones.

On Friday October 13th, an Israeli shell landed in a gathering of international journalists covering clashes on the border, killing Reuters videographer Issam Abdallah and injuring six other journalists. Reuters said that two of its journalists, Thaer Al-Sudani and Maher Nazeh, were wounded in the shelling of the border area. According to Al-Jazeera TV, two of its employees, Elie Brakhya and reporter Carmen Joukhadar, also were among the wounded and Agence France-Presse said two of its journalists were injured. The shelling occurred during an exchange of fire along the Lebanon-Israel border between Israeli troops and members of Lebanon’s militant Hezbollah group.

PEC calls for a transparent, rapid, complete and impartial investigation so that those responsible are identified and held accountable.

At least six other journalists were killed in Gaza, according to Palestinian media. PEC condemns the killings during military operations between Hamas and Israel in the Gaza Strip and calls for an impartial investigation into their deaths. Other journalists are missing or injured. Israeli retaliatory airstrikes also completely or partially destroyed the headquarters of several media outlets, in violation of international law.

Journalist Saeed al-Taweel, editor-in-chief of Al-Khamsa News website, and two other members of the press were killed on Tuesday as they went to film a building that Israel would soon bomb in Gaza City. “Unfortunately, they have sent a warning notice to the Hiji building just now that it will be bombed,” al-Taweel said in his last words, shortly before being killed, according to a recording obtained by Al Jazeera. “The area has been evacuated entirely. Women, men, the elderly, kids have all completely fled the area.” Al-Taweel, Mohammed Subh and Hisham Alnwajha had been standing at a safe distance, hundreds of metres from the stated target. But the air attack instead hit a different building, much closer to them. The crew was wearing flak jackets and helmets clearly identifying themselves as members of the press.

PEC reminds all belligerents that journalists are civilians protected by the international law and calls on all combatants in this conflict to do their utmost to safeguard media professionals.

PEC is also saddened by the death of one journalist this week in Sudan, Halima Idris Salim, from Sudan Bukra, killed in Omdurman by the army on October 10th. This brings the number of journalists killed in one week to eight.


05.10.2023. INDIA. PEC expresses concern over arrest of Indian media persons

With Nava Thakuria PEC's India Representative

Geneva, 5 October 2023: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses concern over the recent arrest as well as raids of a media office in India’s capital city New Delhi, asserting that scribes should not be harassed for their duties. The police not only raided the office of NewsClick, a 2009 founded news site, but also sealed it later. They also raised the residences of many journalists & writers associated with it. As many as 45 suspects were questioned and a large number of electronic devices from their custodies were also seized by the investigating police personnel.

The government authority alleges that the NewsClick management received a huge amount of money from China to support anti-India agendas. It is also stated that they pursued the Chinese propaganda to exclude Arunachal Pradesh and Kashmir (or shown as disputed territories) in the map of India. By now its founder Prabir Purkayastha along with Amit Chakravarty were arrested under the harsh law (Unlawful Activities Prevention Act) for spreading pro-China contents.

“PEC supports each and every journalist across the globe who has been performing duties with all integrity & honesty. But as the Indian authority has accused the NewsClick family of indulging in anti-Bharat activities with the help of money supplied by the Chinese agencies in Beijing, it needs to be clarified (also verified). We urge New Delhi to release the media persons and give them ample scopes to defend themselves in the course of legal battles,” said Blaise Lempen,president of PEC.

Meanwhile, a northeast India based scribe’s forum (Journalists’ Forum Assam) came out with a statement that no scribe should be harassed because of his/her profession, but at the same time none should play the role of a tool for an enemy nation in greed of money, said PEC’s India representative Nava Thakuria. He added that JFA president Rupam Barua has clarified that the profession should not allow anyone to indulge in anti-national activities for selfish interest. Barua also expresses dismay over the boycott of 14 television news anchors by the country’s opposition parties.


28.09.2023. AFGHANISTAN. The Taliban's 13 Directives: Implications for Media Freedom (AFJC)

The Afghanistan Journalists Center (AFJC) announced today, on the occasion of the International Day of Access to Information, that the Taliban has issued a series of at least 13 directives over the past two years, which have resulted in severe restrictions on media work and an unprecedented setback in access to information in Afghanistan.

In recognition of the importance of universal access to information, UNESCO passed a resolution on November 17, 2015, designating September 28 as the International Day of Universal Access to Information. This designation highlights the two crucial aspects of universal access to information, both of which should be carefully considered. Firstly, the right to access information must be clearly established by laws, as without proper legal provisions, access will inevitably be limited. Secondly, it is crucial to ensure practical access to information for people, particularly in today's world where new information and communication technologies have significantly enhanced accessibility.

While Afghanistan has acknowledged the right to access information through the passage of the country's information access law in 2019 during the Republican regime, there is a concerning disregard for this law. Since the downfall of the republic in August 2021, the Taliban has issued at least 13 directives which contradicted former media laws, and further advanced proposed amendments to the laws governing Media Law and Access to Information. While these directives were not issued through the standard legal procedures, they undeniably form the basis of the Taliban government's policy towards the media and journalists.

These directives cover a wide array of matters concerning the media, including, but not limited to, the prohibition of women's employment in national radio and television, the banning of news coverage related to demonstrations and civil protests, the imposition of constraints on news preparation, publication, reporting, and content production, the requirement for the Taliban to be referred to as the government of Afghanistan, the prohibition of music publications, the compulsory veiling of female reporters, the ban on the presence of women in theatrical plays and media entertainment programs, the segregation of women and men in the media, prohibiting women from interviewing men and vice versa.

Furthermore, the media faces restrictions in conducting interviews with opponents and critics of the Taliban, banning the broadcasting of international television programs in Afghanistan, prohibiting the airing of commercial announcements with political, security, and social content without coordination from the responsible authorities, prohibiting criticism of Taliban officials, banning the filming and video interviews and, the publication of women's voices in the media(in Helmand province), and banning collaboration with "Exiled Media".

 The implementation of these extensive and often ambiguous guidelines has had profound implications for both the quantity and quality of media work and content production. The severe restrictions on access to information and the increase in self-censorship have been significant consequences of these directives. Moreover, officials of the Taliban rarely grant interviews to the media, and official spokespersons are often inaccessible to reporters or simply refuse to address substantial and probing questions. While these directives prohibit certain actions by journalists and the media, they do not outline the consequences of non-compliance. However, the Afghanistan Journalists Center’s investigation and analysis reveal that journalists who have disregarded these orders have faced threats or imprisonment, and media organizations have been subject to punitive measures, including temporary or permanent bans.

The findings of AFJC regarding these directives and the seriousness with which the Taliban has implemented them suggest that the proposed amendments to media laws are likely to go beyond the "minor changes" previously announced.

25.09.2023. PEC AWARD 2023 to the Burkina-based Cell Norbert Zongo for Investigative Journalism in West Africa (CENOZO)

Journalism is becoming increasingly challenging in West Africa and the Sahel. From Burkina Faso to Mali, via Niger, journalists face immensly precarious working conditions. Human rights violations and poor governance give rise to chronic instability, with the return of military regimes, jihadist groups and the upheavals linked to the departure of the French and the Russian influence. In this context, informing at all costs is the aim of the Burkina-based Cell Norbert Zongo for Investigative Journalism in West Africa (http://www.cenozo.org). Its coordinator, Arnaud Ouédraogo has been chosen by the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) to be awarded the annual Prize for the Protection of Journalists, funded in 2023 by the Jordi Foundation. He will be in Geneva on September 25 to bear witness to the drastic situation in this zone of multiple conflicts and complex emergencies.

Press release, speeches, bio on our special page PEC AWARD

29.08.2023. Calvaire judiciaire du photojournaliste suisse Marc Progin à Hong Kong - la PEC dénonce et en appelle aux autorités suisses et chinoises

La Press Emblem Campaign (PEC)  dénonce la situation dans laquelle se trouve le photojournaliste suisse Marc Progin, poursuivi depuis quatre ans pour avoir couvert une manifestation à Hong Kong en 2019, et qui s’est récemment vu refuser l’indemnisation de ses frais de justice alors qu’il a été acquitté à deux reprises. La PEC, avec RSF et l'Union de la presse francophone (UPF), appelle le Département fédéral des affaires étrangères à intervenir en sa faveur auprès des autorités compétentes.

Lettres de la PEC, de RSF et de l'UPF au conseiller fédéral Ignazio Cassis et à l'ambassadeur de Chine à Genève ci-dessous

​​​​​​​Monsieur le Conseiller fédéral,

Monsieur le Secrétaire d’Etat,

Depuis quatre ans, un photojournaliste suisse indépendant, établi depuis plus de quarante ans à Hong Kong, Marc Progin (78 ans), subit les foudres des autorités judiciaires de la région administrative spéciale. Il est victime de la terrible aggravation des conditions qui y sont appliquées aux journalistes et aux professionnels des médias, lesquelles visent à restreindre drastiquement la liberté d’opinion et de la presse, sous couvert d’atteintes à la sécurité de l’Etat.

Marc Progin se trouve actuellement dans une situation kafkaïenne : poursuivi pour avoir couvert une manifestation en tant que photographe à Hong Kong en 2019, il a été jugé et acquitté à deux reprises en 2020 et en 2022. En dépit de cette double décision le disculpant de tout acte répréhensible, il s’est récemment vu refuser l’indemnisation de ses frais de justice, lesquels se montent à 500'000.- HK$ (56'500.- CHF). Marc Progin dispose d’un délai de 28 jours pour faire opposition à cette nouvelle décision prise à son encontre ; cela lui coûterait 1 million de HK$ supplémentaires (113'000.- CHF), avec le risque de tout perdre si son recours est rejeté.

Les organisations de journalistes suivantes, à savoir la section suisse de l’Union de la presse francophone, Reporters sans frontières – Suisse et la PressEmblemCampaign (PEC), représentées par leurs dirigeants respectifs, appellent le Département fédéral des affaires étrangères à intervenir en faveur du citoyen suisse Marc Progin auprès des autorités compétentes à Hong Kong, à entreprendre tout ce qui est en son pouvoir pour que justice lui soit rendue en vertu du double acquittement dont il a bénéficié, ou à tout le moins à lui accorder la protection diplomatique et juridique qui lui est due.

 Vous trouvez sous les liens suivants des informations complémentaires sur la situation de Marc Progin :

 En vous remerciant par avance d’intercéder en faveur du photojournaliste suisse, nous vous prison de croire, Monsieur le Conseiller fédéral, Monsieur le Secrétaire d’Etat, à l’expression de nos sentiments les meilleurs.

***********

S.E.M. WANG Shihting,

Monsieur l’Ambassadeur,

Depuis quatre ans, un photojournaliste suisse indépendant, établi depuis plus de quarante ans à Hong Kong, Monsieur Marc Progin (78 ans), subit les foudres des autorités judiciaires de la région administrative spéciale, pour ne pas parler d’acharnement à son égard. Il est victime de l’aggravation des conditions qui y sont appliquées aux journalistes et aux professionnels des médias, lesquelles visent à restreindre drastiquement la liberté d’opinion et de la presse, sous couvert d’atteintes à la sécurité de l’Etat.

 Monsieur Marc Progin se trouve actuellement dans une situation kafkaïenne, intolérable pour lui : poursuivi pour avoir couvert une manifestation en tant que photographe à Hong Kong en 2019, il a été jugé et acquitté à deux reprises en 2020 et en 2022. En dépit de cette double décision le disculpant de tout acte répréhensible, il s’est récemment vu refuser l’indemnisation de ses frais de justice, lesquels se montent à 500'000.- HK$ (56'500.- CHF). Monsieur Marc Progin dispose d’un délai de 28 jours pour faire opposition à cette nouvelle décision prise à son encontre ; cela lui coûterait 1 million de HK$ supplémentaires (113'000.- CHF), avec le risque de tout perdre si son recours est rejeté.

 Les organisations de journalistes suivantes, à savoir la section suisse de l’Union de la presse francophone, Reporters sans frontières – Suisse et la PressEmblemCampaign (PEC), représentées par leurs présidents respectifs, en appellent à votre haute autorité pour intervenir en faveur du citoyen suisse Marc Progin auprès des autorités compétentes à Hong Kong, à entreprendre tout ce qui est en votre pouvoir pour que justice lui soit rendue en vertu du double acquittement dont il a bénéficié.

En vous remerciant par avance d’intercéder en faveur du photojournaliste suisse, sur la base des décisions de justice qui l’ont innocenté de tout acte répréhensible au regard de la loi hongkongaise, nous vous prions de croire, Monsieur l’Ambassadeur, à l’expression de nos sentiments respectueux.

​​​​​​​

18.08.2023. INDIA. PEC condemns scribe’s murder in India’s Bihar province

With Nava Thakuria, PEC India Representative

Geneva, 18 August 2023: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condemns the murder of Vimal Kumar Yadav, a young scribe associated with the leading Hindi newspaper, Dainik Jagran, in Bihar province of north India this morning and demanded a high level probe into the incident to unearth the motive behind the assassination as well as punish the perpetrators under the law.

Mentionable is that Yadav (38) was shot dead by at least two miscreants in Prem Nagar area under Raniganj police station on Friday morning. The killers targeted Yadav from a short range and escaped from the place. Yadav was taken to a nearby hospital, but the attending doctors declared him dead. He left behind his wife, a daughter and a host of relatives. Yadav’s younger brother
Shashibhushan was also killed by unidentified gunmen in 2019.

“It’s shocking that a young reporter has been killed by armed miscreants in his own locality. Vimal Kumar Yadav becomes the 34th
journalist to be killed this year till date. India has a bad name in delivering swift justice to the bereaved journo-families. We urge
Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar to take personal interest to book the culprits and punish them with no impunity,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that the Bihar scribe was receiving threats from some individuals as he pursued the ongoing trials of his brother’s assassination in 2019. Incidentally Yadavwas a primary witness to the murder and thus he seems to be the target of those criminals, said Thakuria, adding that India earlier witnessed the killings of Shashikant Warishe of Maharashtra on 7 February and Abdur Rauf Alamgir of Assam on 26 June. Its neighbours Pakistan lost three journalists (Imtiaz Baig, Jan Mohammed Mahar and Ghulam Asghar Khand) and Bangladesh two scribes (Ashiqul Islam and Golam Rabbani Nadim) to assailants since 1 January this year.

15.08.2023. PAKISTAN. PEC demands justice to bereaved families of murdered Pak journos

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva, 15 August 2023: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses its serious concern over the murder of two Pakistani journalists within a week and demands justice to the bereaved families of Jan Mohammed Mahar  and Ghulam Asghar Khand.

Pak media outlets reported that Mahar (50), senior reporter of Kawish Television Network and a Sindhi newspaper was shot dead by miscreants in  Sukkur locality  on 13 August, just one day before Pakistan's 77th Independence Day. Two motorcycle riders attacked the scribe as he left the  office in the evening for home by his car.  Mahar was shifted to a nearby hospital, where he succumbed to injuries.

A week back, another reporter of Sindh province Khand (45) was murdered by unknown assailants in Khairpur locality. Associated with a Sindhi newspaper Sobh,  Khand was attacked by the gunmen on 7 August, as he was taking rest at  Ahmadpur guest house. He died on way to the hospital. Khand reportedly exposed unethical practices of some individuals in his locality and earned enmity.

“Jan Mohammed Mahar is the 33rd journalist to be killed this year across the world. We demand a fair probe into both the murders of Mahar and Ghulam Asghar Khand so that the culprtits can booked under the laws,” said PEC president Blaise Lempen, adding that often the investigations in Pakistan are delayed to give an impunity to perpetrators, and he hoped for a swift probe into assassinations of the scribes.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that Pakistan earlier lost journalist Imtiaz Baig to assailants in Punjab province on 4 May. Its northern neighbour Afghanistan witnessed the murder pf two radio journalists (Husein Naderi and Akmal Nazari) on 11 March. India recorded the killings of  Shashikant Warishe on 7 February and Abdur Rauf Alamgir on 26 June. Similarly,  Bangladesh reported the murders of  Ashiqul Islam on 9 January and Golam Rabbani Nadim on 15 June.


06.07.2023. PEC press release. Fewer journalists killed in the first six months of 2023
(French and Spanish after English, list of victims on Casualties)


Geneva, 6 July 2023 (PEC) Fewer journalists were killed in the first six months of this year, the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) said on Thursday. Since January, 27 journalists have paid for their profession with their lives in 17 countries. This is the lowest figure recorded for more than 15 years.


"This figure is still too high, but it is moving in the right direction. There is hope that the mobilisation of governments, the UN, the media and NGOs is beginning to show results", said PEC President Blaise Lempen. Last year for the same period, marked by the start of the war in Ukraine, a record 75 journalists were killed (116 for the whole of 2022), and the previous year 36 (79 for the whole of 2021).


The measures taken in Ukraine to limit journalists' access to combat zones and strictly control their accreditation have had an effect, despite the deaths of two journalists in the country since January, Ukrainian Bogdan Bitik, working for La Repubblica, and Frenchman Arman Soldin, a reporter for AFP. Both were shot at by the Russian army.


From January to 30 June, the number of victims was the highest in Mexico, with four murders. Mexico remains the most dangerous country for journalists, with an ongoing climate of violence.


Three journalists were murdered in Cameroon. There were two victims in Afghanistan, two in Bangladesh, two in Haiti, two in India and two in Ukraine.


The PEC also recorded one victim in each of the following countries: Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Lesotho, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda and the United States of America.


All these crimes must be fully and independently investigated and those responsible arrested and brought to justice.


Although the number of deaths is falling, arbitrary arrests, beatings, threats and censorship continue to be the lot of many journalists on every continent. In particular, PEC deplores the continued crackdown in Russia and the extension of Julian Assange's detention in the UK.


Communiqué de la PEC

Moins de journalistes tués au cours des 6 premiers mois de 2023


Genève, 6 juillet 2023 (PEC) Moins de journalistes ont été tués au cours des six premiers moins de cette année, a indiqué jeudi la Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC). Depuis janvier, 27 journalistes ont payé de leur vie leur profession dans 17 pays. Il s’agit du chiffre le plus bas enregistré depuis plus de 15 ans.

«Ce chiffre est encore trop élevé, mais il évolue dans la bonne direction. C’est l’espoir que la mobilisation des États, de l’ONU, des médias et des ONG commence à avoir des résultats», a affirmé le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen. L’an dernier pour la même période, marquée par le début de la guerre en Ukraine, un record de 75 journalistes avaient été tués (116 pour l’ensemble de 2022), et l’année précédente 36 (79 sur l’ensemble de 2021).

Les mesures prises en Ukraine pour limiter l’accès des journalistes aux zones de combat et contrôler strictement leur accréditation ont produit leur effet, malgré la mort de deux journalistes dans ce pays depuis janvier, l’Ukrainien Bogdan Bitik, travaillant pour La Repubblica, et le Français Arman Soldin, reporter à l’AFP. Ils ont été tous les deux victimes de tirs de l’armée russe.

Depuis janvier jusqu’au 30 juin, le nombre de victimes a été le plus élevé au Mexique avec quatre assassinats. Le Mexique reste le pays le plus dangereux pour les journalistes dans un climat permanent de violences.

Trois assassinats sont à déplorer au Cameroun. Deux victimes ont été dénombrées en Afghanistan, deux au Bangladesh, deux en Haïti, deux en Inde, outre les deux en Ukraine.

La PEC a également recensé une victime dans chacun de ces pays : Argentine, Canada, Colombie, États-Unis d’Amérique, Guatemala, Lesotho, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines et Rwanda.

Tous ces crimes doivent faire l’objet d’enquêtes complètes indépendantes et leurs responsables être arrêtés et traduits en justice.

Si le nombre de tués est en diminution, arrestations arbitraires, coups et blessures, menaces, censure restent le lot de nombreux journalistes sur tous les continents. La PEC déplore en particulier le durcissement continu en Russie et la prolongation de la détention de Julian Assange en Grande-Bretagne.


Comunicado de prensa de PEC

 Menos periodistas asesinados en los primeros 6 meses de 2023

Ginebra, 6 de julio de 2023 (PEC) Menos periodistas han sido asesinados en los primeros seis meses de este año, informó el jueves Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés). Desde enero, 27 periodistas han pagado con su vida el ejercicio de su profesión en 17 países. Esta es la cifra más baja registrada en más de 15 años que la PEC realiza este monitoreo.

Este número aún es demasiado alto, pero se está moviendo en la dirección correcta. Es la esperanza de que la movilización de los Estados, la ONU, los medios de comunicación y las ONG comience a dar resultados”, dijo el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.

En el mismo período del año pasado, marcado por el inicio de la guerra en Ucrania, un récord de 75 periodistas fueron asesinados (116 para todo el 2022) y, el año anterior, 36 (79 para todo el 2021). Las medidas tomadas en Ucrania para limitar el acceso de los periodistas a las zonas de combate y controlar estrictamente su acreditación han tenido su efecto, a pesar de la muerte de dos periodistas en este país desde enero, el ucraniano Bogdan Bitik, de La Repubblica, y el francés Arman Soldin, reportero de la AFP. Ambos fueron víctimas de fuego del ejército ruso.

Desde enero hasta el 30 de junio, el número de víctimas más alto fue el de México, con cuatro asesinatos. México sigue siendo el país más peligroso para los periodistas debido a un clima permanente de violencia.

Hay que deplorar igualmente tres asesinatos en Camerún. Se contabilizaron dos víctimas en Afganistán, dos en Bangladesh, dos en Haití, dos en la India, además de los dos en Ucrania.

La PEC también identificó una víctima en cada uno de estos países: Argentina, Canadá, Colombia, Estados Unidos de América, Guatemala, Lesoto, Pakistán, Paraguay, Filipinas y Ruanda.

Todos estos crímenes deben ser investigados de manera completa e independiente y los responsables deben ser arrestados y llevados ante la justicia.

Si bien el número de personas asesinadas está disminuyendo, las detenciones arbitrarias, las agresiones, las amenazas y la censura siguen siendo la suerte de muchos periodistas en todos los continentes. La PEC deplora en particular el continuo endurecimiento en Rusia y la prolongación de la detención de Julian Assange en Gran Bretaña.


03.07.2023. Russia bans independent outlet Novaya Gazeta Europe, adds to undesirable list. 

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is outraged by the decision of Russian authorities and asks them to reverse this unacceptable measure targeting a newspaper that received the PEC Award last year. PEC condemns this measure which marks a new stage in the persecution of independent journalists also targeting editorial offices located abroad. On Wednesday, June 28, the Russian general prosecutor’s office declared the activity of the outlet’s legal entity, BDR Novaja Gazeta-Europe, “undesirable” . Organizations that receive the undesirable classification are banned from operating in Russia, and anyone who participates in them or works to organize their activities faces up to six years in prison and administrative fines. The designation also makes it a crime to distribute the outlet’s content or donate to it from inside or outside Russia.

Ekaterina Glikman, deputy editor of Novaya Gazeta Europe, who received last year the PEC Award in Geneva, said to the PEC : «In fact, what the Russian authorities are saying is this: we don't want you to exist. But we exist despite their wishes, but because of our own desire to continue our journalistic work, to inform our readers about what is happening in the war, in Russia and in the world. It is for this simple journalistic work that the authorities persecute us. Now there will be more obstacles to our work, but of course we are not going to stop».

«Yes, the risks for journalists are increasing, but they are also increasing for our speakers and our readers. Not only are our readers now unable to read us without a VPN (our website has been blocked since the beginning) and donate to us, but it is now also dangerous for them to repost our articles on their social networks or quote our articles. The only thing you can still do safely while in Russia is to read us. There is no punishment for reading yet. So we keep working», said to the PEC Ekaterina Glikman, who lived in Switzerland.

PEC asks its readers to support the Swiss association Friends of Novaya Gazeta Europe: https://fonge.org

Statement of Novaya Gazeta Europe :

«Russian authorities are waging a war against Ukraine, their own people, and the whole world. Russian independent media outlets have been truthfully documenting and reporting about this war and the Kremlin’s dictatorship for many years. When the full-scale invasion of Ukraine began, Russia adopted war-time censorship laws, which decimated hundreds of outlets in the country. Just like many of our colleagues, we made the difficult choice of leaving our country to have the right to speak. We believe that the Russian public deserves to know the truth about the war and its consequences for the country.

Having failed to completely stamp out every independent voice and outlet in the country or force us to stay silent, the Kremlin has now labelled us as criminals. On 28 June 2023, Russia designated Novaya Gazeta Europe as an “undesirable organisation”. A day earlier, the Russian authorities launched a missile strike on the Ukrainian city of Kramatorsk, killing 11 people, among them children, and injuring 61 more. The Russian authorities are persecuting journalists because they do not want ordinary Russians to know about this crime and many others.

The Prosecutor General’s Office claims that Novaya Gazeta Europe “disseminates tendentious information to Russia’s detriment”. We, in turn, believe that nothing causes more detriment to Russia than this criminal war along with those who unleashed and supports it, including the officials in the Prosecutor General’s Office.

“The main topics of the publications [by Novaya Gazeta Europe] include false information about alleged mass violations of rights and freedoms of citizens in Russia, accusations pressed against Russia of waging an aggressive war in Ukraine, committing war crimes against civilians, and repressions,” the agency continues. Novaya-Europe’s journalists are essentially branded criminals for telling it like it is.

And we will continue to do so.

The atrocities that the Russian authorities are committing in Ukraine are much more horrifying than any “legal status” that they slap on anyone who dares to speak out. Hundreds of fellow Russians are persecuted for standing up for what’s right and for speaking out against the war — we cannot betray them or stay silent about their ordeals.

Cooperation with “unfavourable organisations” can result in fines and even prison sentences for Russians. But this status is practically the last tool that the Kremlin can use against us. This measure is meant to threaten journalists, writers, and readers. Russian officials want us to be gone — along with any smidgeon of truth. But we cannot do them such a favour.

We plead with our audiences in Russia to be careful, remove any links to our articles from their social media accounts, and refrain from quoting us in the future.

But you can and should read what we have to say!

We are calling on our colleagues for solidarity and mutual support. It is clear that the Kremlin will continue to stamp out any dissent in the form of independent media outlets since they failed to achieve this after the Ukraine war began.

Novaya-Europe is not going anywhere».

Since 2021, Russian authorities have labeled dozens of organizations “undesirable,” including independent news website Meduza and investigative outlets iStories, The Insider, Bellingcat, and Proekt. Since Novaya Gazeta was founded in 1993, at least 5 of its journalists have been murdered in connection to their work.


27.06.2023. Indian scribe found dead, PEC demands authentic probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia representative

Geneva.: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses concern over the mysterious death of
a young Indian scribe and raises demand for an authentic probe to find reasons behind the untimely demise of Abdur Rauf Alamgir (32), who
hailed from Assam province in northeast India.

Local media organisations informed that Alamgir went missing on Saturday and his wounded body was found floating in Kulsi river at
Jambari area of Boko locality under Kamrup district on 26 June. A resident of Goroimari Hatipara, Alamgir was associated with a news
portal titled TNL. The recently married scribe also ran a customer service centre of a nationalized bank in his locality.

“PEC condoles the sad demise of the young scribe. At the same time, we demand a convincing probe to unearth the factors involved in his
missing and subsequent death. Assam province government should take all necessary initiatives to identify the perpetrators even if the
scribe was not targeted because of his professional work,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Alamgir was a member of Goroimari-Kalatoli-Sontoli press club in south
Kamrup and he was kidnapped by miscreants on 24 June (may be because of business rivalries). A complaint was lodged in Boko police station
and the police have already started its investigation to find the probable culprits. Alamgir’s body was sent for postmortem and two
local residents were later detained for interrogation.

23.06.2023. PEC urges Singapore government to withdraw blockade on Asia Sentinel

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, while expressing its concern over the blocake on Asia Sentinel,
an independent online media outlets fosusing on Asian news coverage, urges the Singapore government (precisely the interior minister K.
Shanmugam) to withdraw the ban immediately and unconditionally.

‘Access to Asia Sentinel’s website has apparently been blocked in Singapore by the country’s Ministry of Communications and Information,
according to local media, after we refused to comply with an order to correct a May 24, 2023 article concerning the use of government power
against dissenters,’ said the media outlets on 3 June. It also added, ‘Asia Sentinel cited statements confirming the veracity of our
reporting. The government demanded that Asia Sentinel carry the correction at the top of our website for 30 days, which we refused to
do.’

Currently Asia Sentinel remains inaccessible throughout the city state due to the government diktats. The development started with a piece
titled ‘Singapore Kills a Chicken to Scare the Monkeys’, which was uploaded on 24 May, where the Singapore governent’s inherent pressure
on the media was criticised.

“It’s very unfortunate that the Singapore government wants to read only favourable stories about them and it has seemingly decided to
reject all kinds of critical journalism. The concerned ministry should withdraw the errogant approach to the acclaimed media outlet and allow
its access to the interested Singaporian nationals,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

Asia Sentinel was created to provide a platform for news, analysis, and opinion on national and regional issues in Asia and it’s
independent of all governments and major media enterprises. It has twice won the top award for investigative and interpretive reporting
from the Society of Publishers in Asia (SOPA) and it’s highly respected in the business, economics and diplomatic communities across
the region.

Singapore’s home affairs minister Shanmugam issued a statement threatening to take stern action against Asia Sentinel under a new law
on ‘online falsehoods and manipulation’, which has been used by the government to tame the press, critics & political opponents. Asia
Sentinel made a correction post on the concerned piece. Although the media outlet posted the Singapore government’s demand, it stood by the
story.

Speaking to PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria, veteran journalist and  Asia Sentinel’s editor John Berthelsen
informed that the blockage has definitely denied general Singaporean readers to access its website, but it’s published on the Substack
platform as a newsletter (meaning it’s available in email accounts).

16.06.2023. GENEVA. HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL – 53rd session. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) welcomes the publication of the report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Irene Khan on «Sustainable development and freedom of expression : why voice matters» (A/HRC/53/25).

In her report, published on the occasion of the 53rd session of the Human Rights Council (19 Jume-14 July 2023) the Special Rapporteur explores the linkages between the right to freedom of expression, including the right to information, and sustainable development.The Special Rapporteur calls for renewed political commitment to uphold freedom of expression, an enabler of sustainable development. PEC stresses that there is a need to protect independent media, investigative journalists and human rights defenders working on development issues who face major obstacles in conducting their work safely. These include censorship, attacks ranging from threats, attempted or actual assaults, abduction, disappearances and killings and failure from authorities to effectively investigate them leading to widespread impunity. PEC calls upon all stakeholders to implement the conclusions and recommendations of the Special Rapporteur.

Conclusions (page 19 of the report as published by the UN)

91. These are difficult times for freedom of expression. The implications for sustainable development are significant and must be addressed urgently.
92. Almost 97 per cent of the world’s population today is estimated to be living in countries where civic space is either closed, severely repressed, obstructed or has narrowed.143 Shrinking civic space means that marginalized communities, such as Indigenous Peoples, women living in poverty and individuals with disabilities, are less able to organize and voice their concerns. Those whom the 2030 Agenda pledged not to leave behind remain the least heard in decision-making, the most excluded from access to information, and the most exposed to harassment, discrimination and violence.
93. Those who dare to speak truth to power or shine the light on human rights violations, corruption and illegal exploitation of natural resources are censored, intimidated, prosecuted, attacked or killed with impunity. While some important strides have been made to assert the right to information, a culture of official secrecy, serious gaps in the scope and implementation of laws, lack of capacity and resources and uneven Internet access have overshadowed the gains.
94. States which most vocally profess their support for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are also among those which most virulently suppress the rights to information, expression and participation that the 2030 Agenda promotes. Where civil society and the media have been restricted, access to information is denied regularly, dissent has been suppressed and opacity, impunity and authoritarianism have eroded public trust and democratic accountability, efforts to reduce inequalities, promote inclusion and pursue sustainability are more challenging.
95. Conversely, good practices and good results on sustainable development are emerging where multi-stakeholder partnerships have built transparency and trust, the media have been able to operate with freedom and independence to expose corruption and wrongdoing, and civil society has enjoyed the space to participate in development processes and contribute with ideas, opinions and information.
96. The halfway point of the 2030 Agenda, combined with the challenges of post-pandemic recovery and global crises, has created a new imperative to invest in sustainable development. The Special Rapporteur believes that one of the most impactful “investments” that States can make is to uphold freedom of expression as a catalyst as well as an integral component of sustainable development. States must respect, protect and fulfil the right to freedom of expression holistically. Both information and voice must be guaranteed with equal rigour if sustainable development processes are to be effective, inclusive, participatory and accountable.

Recommendations

97. States should protect those on the frontlines of the struggle for sustainable development, including disadvantaged communities, human rights defenders (including environmental, land and Indigenous rights defenders) and journalists.
98. States must investigate and prosecute effectively, impartially, independently and promptly all those who threaten, harass, attack or kill human rights defenders, journalists and activists.
99. Specific laws and policies should be adopted to prevent, prohibit, investigate and prosecute gender-based online attacks against women human rights defenders, community leaders and journalists. Those laws should be grounded in international human rights law, including provisions on gender equality.
100. States should put in place effective and adequately resourced prevention and protection measures for human rights defenders and journalists, designed in consultation with them and assessed regularly for their efficacy and further improvements.
101. States should affirm publicly the critical and legitimate role of human rights defenders and journalists in advancing sustainable development and should send an unequivocal message that attacks against them will not be tolerated or left unpunished.
102. The Human Rights Council should signal an end to impunity by establishing an independent task force to support international and national efforts to prevent, investigate and prosecute attacks against human rights defenders and journalists.
103. States should strengthen freedom of expression and the right to information online and offline, in line with international human rights standards.
104. States should repeal laws on criminal defamation, seditious libel and those prohibiting criticism of State policies, institutions and officials online or offline, and refrain from applying counter-terrorism and security legislation to legitimate activities of civil society.
105. States should enact laws and policies to discourage and deter frivolous and vexatious legal actions (strategic lawsuits against public participation) against journalists and human rights defenders.
106. States should enact or revise existing national laws on access to information to ensure they are in line with international human rights standards, including maximum disclosure in the public interest. Exemptions from disclosure should be provided clearly in the law, be narrowly defined and be necessary and proportionate to protect the rights or reputation of others, national security, public order or public health and morals.
107. Independent oversight bodies should be set up to monitor the effective application of the right to information law. Clear guidelines should be developed on record management, and robust monitoring mechanisms should be put in place with input from civil society to track, assess and publish data on implementation to ensure comprehensive reporting on progress made with regard to indicator 16.10.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals at the national and international levels.
108. States should refrain from imposing Internet shutdowns and slowdowns or disruptions to mobile connections. Such actions are an inherently disproportionate response and violate the right to information and freedom of expression.
109. States’ responses to disinformation and misinformation should be grounded in human rights. They should encourage the free flow of diverse sources of information, increase their own transparency, proactively disclose official data online and offline, affirm media freedom, independence, pluralism and diversity and ensure the safety of journalists.
110. Multi-stakeholder initiatives have helped to enhance transparency, accountability, collaboration and participation of civil society on various issues of sustainable development. More efforts should be made by States and other participants to expand existing initiatives and develop new ones. Transparent, rigorous assessments should be carried out with input from all stakeholders to draw lessons and improve results.
111. States should proactively publish comprehensive information on their activities, including budgets, expenditures, revenues and public procurement, as timely, open data in ways that enable citizens to freely access, use and participate in decision-making and ensure that public funds are spent equitably, sustainably and responsibly.
112. States should establish publicly accessible registers of the beneficial owners of companies, trusts, foundations and other relevant legal vehicles. The European Union should examine how best its member States can do that in the light of the recent decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union to ensure the privacy of beneficial owners.
113. Prior to investing in projects, development finance institutions should conduct comprehensive human rights due diligence, and country- and project-specific risk assessments in relation to freedom of expression. They should ensure adequate conditions for safe participation of civil society, meaningful processes for free, prior and informed consent, full transparency and accountability at all stages, and mitigation of risks of reprisals.
114. Companies should fully disclose information relating to their potential impacts on human rights, in accordance with principle 17 of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and on sustainability issues. They should also assess and report on their compliance with obligations to consult and engage with local communities and civil society, in line with international human rights standards. States should extend the duty of maximum disclosure to private entities when contracting on sustainable development related issues.
115. States, international organizations and companies should work with civil society to support the empowerment, agency and meaningful participation of women, Indigenous Peoples and other disadvantaged groups in development processes.
116. States, the private sector and the international community, including relevant United Nations entities, should redouble their efforts to ensure universal and meaningful connectivity to an open, free, interoperable and secure Internet for all before 2030. Particular attention should be given to closing the gender digital divide.
117. Information, media and digital literacy should be included in all national school curricula and adult learning programmes and monitored as an indicator of the education and equality goals of the 2030 Agenda. Particular effort should be made to ensure that those programmes address the needs of women, girls and disadvantaged groups.
118. Specific gender-sensitive measures should be introduced to ensure the participation of women, including measures to address their lack of language, literacy and digital skills, practical constraints of income-poverty or time-poverty, legal identity, cultural constraints and gender discrimination. Those measures should take into account the intersectional nature of gender discrimination and prioritize those who are furthest behind.
119. States, in collaboration with international organizations and civil society, should create an enabling environment for community-based networks and Internet infrastructure, including through funding and regulations consistent with international human rights standards.
120. States should ensure that their national development plans include clear, concrete actions to strengthen freedom of expression, including access to information online and offline and participation of civil society, women and disadvantaged communities in development processes.
121. States should strengthen efforts to gather and analyse quality gender disaggregated data to enable tracking of progress and timely and systematic reporting on the freedom of expression-related indicators of the 2030 Agenda, including indicators 16.10.1 and 16.10.2.
122. The universal periodic review and the voluntary national review processes should focus particular attention on States’ compliance with freedom of expression in the context of sustainable development.
123. The international community should reaffirm and reflect the integral role of information, expression and participation in advancing the Sustainable Development Goals in the political declaration of the 2023 high-level summit.


15.06.2023. Bangla scribe killed, PEC demands fair probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condemns the killing of Bangladeshi
journalist Golam Rabbani Nadim (45) after physical assaults by miscreants at Jamalpur  locality and it demands a fair probe to book
the culprits and punish under the law.

Local media reported that Nadim was physically attacked by some supporters of a local Awami League leader on 14 June evening and he
succumbed to  injuries at Mymensingh medical college hospital next day. Associated with a Dhaka-based news portal (Banglanews24.com)  and
a news channel (Ekattor TV), Nadim was seemingly targeted for a news item.

“Jornalists across the world enjoy the right to report in media outlets. If the report is not factual, one can go to the court. But
none is allowed to physically attack a scribe for his reporting” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC, adding that Awami League chief and
Bangla Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina  should take personal note about the brutal incident.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that the Bangla police have already arrested  three persons suspecting their
involvement with the crime. He is the second journalist killed in 2023. Bangladesh witnessed the murder of three scribes (Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari) last year. Its neighbour India lost Shashikant Warishe on 7 February last and four journalists (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato) to assailants in 2022.

08.06.2023. PAKISTAN. Pak journalist traceless for weeks, PEC demands probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses concern over the missing of Pakistan journalist
and political commentator Imran Riaz Khan for weeks after his arrest at Sialkot international airport and urged the federal government in
Islamabad to launch a probe to get his whereabouts at the earliest.

The 47 years old scribe’s family members informed that he was flying to Oman after their Lahore-based house was raided by the police in the
second week of May and subsequently Khan was arrested. Later the police informed the family members that he was released on 11 May
itself after some hours of detention. But he has neither returned home till date nor contacted the family members.

A Pakistan minister publicly stated that Khan was kidnapped by miscreants and the government was looking for the perpetrators. He
indirectly questioned the identity of Khan as a journalist terming him a political party spokesperson (inclined to former Pak Prime Minister
Imran Khan and his party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf).

“We condemn the ‘abduction’ of Khan and demand his urgent release. The Islamabad regime should look into the matter seriously and inform the
family members on his whereabouts. The authorities must ensure that no physical harm will be done to the scribe,” said Blaise Lempen,
president of PEC, adding that Khan should be produced in a court if he has committed any crime.

PEC south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Pakistan continues to be a dangerous country for scribes and it lost television
scribe Imtiaz Baig in Jhelum locality on 4 May last. During 2022, the country lost seven journalists (Sadaf Naeem, Arshad Sharif, Muhammad
Younis, Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen) in different brutal incidents.

05.05.2023. Pakistan television scribe killed, PEC demands justice

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, expresses its concern over the killing of senior Pakistan television scribe Imtiaz Baig by unidentified gunmen in Jhelum locality of Punjab province. Baig, who worked for private news channel Samaa TV, faced the brutal attack on 4 May 2023 as he came out of a local mosque after the prayer.

He was taken to a nearby hospital with serious injuries on his faceand head, where he succumbed to injuries. Confirming that Baig was killed in the assassination attempt, the police forces have begun the probe to identify the culprits and also unearth the motive behind the attack.  Baig left behind wife, two sons and a daughter along with a host of relatives and well-wishers.

“Journalism is not a crime, and the media workers must not be targeted for their profession. Imtiaz Baig becomes the first journalist to be assassinated this year in Pakistan and 17th media victim across the globe since 1 January 2023. PEC demands a high-level probe into the incident that led to Baig’s murder and punish the criminals,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

PEC's  Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Pakistan lost journalists Sadaf Naeem, Arshad Sharif, Muhammad Younis, Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen last year. India witnessed the murder of four journalists (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato) and Bangladesh three namely Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari, whereas Myanmar lost Aye Kyaw and Pu Tui Dim to military atrocities.
​​​​​​​

02.05.2023. World Press Freedom Day - Decrease in the number of journalists killed in 2023

(French and Spamish after English) 

Geneva, 2 May 2023 (PEC) The number of journalists killed in the period January to April 2023 has fallen compared to the same period last year, the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) said on Tuesday on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day. Since January, 16 media workers have been killed, the lowest number in the past 15 years, according to the same criteria.

"This figure is still too high, but if this trend continues, it is finally good news," said PEC President Blaise Lempen. In the same period last year, marked by the first weeks of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, 56 journalists were killed (116 in 29 countries over the whole year). The first four months of 2023 represent a decline of 71%.

The status quo in the fighting in Ukraine partly explains this sharp decrease: only one journalist has been killed so far this year in Ukraine. The Ukrainian authorities have also taken measures to limit media access to combat zones.

However, the PEC is concerned about the reported resumption of larger-scale clashes in Ukraine and reminds all sides that media workers are protected as civilians by the Geneva Conventions.

Since January, two journalists have been killed in Afghanistan, two in Cameroon, two in
Haiti and two in Mexico. One journalist was killed in Bangladesh, one in Canada, one in the USA, one in Guatemala, one in India, one in Paraguay and one in Ukraine. The case of a journalist who died in a suspicious manner in Rwanda remains under investigation.

The PEC strongly condemns these killings and calls for those responsible to be promptly identified and brought to justice.

Russia, Israel and Assange

Despite this improvement in the number of victims, there are
various situations of great concern. Press freedom is in decline in Afghanistan, Burma, Iran and Russia. The arrest of a Wall Street Journal journalist by Russian security services on 30 March marks a further escalation in the repression of the media in Russia. PEC has called for the immediate release of Evan Geshkovich.

PEC also denounces the obstruction of the work of Palestinian journalists during the past weeks of violence in the occupied territories. A dozen Palestinian journalists have been assaulted or injured by Israeli security forces. 
The PEC also regrets that a journalist with dual Swiss and Palestinian nationality has been in administrative detention in a Negev prison in Israel for more than a year, without reasons.


PEC also deplores the fact that Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, has been held in a British prison for four years without trial. PEC reiterates its demand that he be released on humanitarian grounds and that the charges against him be dropped by the US.

This year in New York, UNESCO is celebrating the 30th anniversary of World Press Freedom Day, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly on 3 May 1993, on the theme "
Freedom of expression as a driver for all other human rights”.

Journée de la liberté de la presse - Baisse du nombre de journalistes tués en 2023

Genève, 2 mai 2023 (PEC) Le nombre de journalistes tués a baissé de janvier à avril 2023 en comparaison avec la même période de l’an dernier, a indiqué mardi la Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC) à l’occasion de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse. Depuis janvier, 16 travailleurs des médias ont été tués, le chiffre le plus bas de ces 15 dernières années, selon les mêmes critères.

«Ce chiffre est encore trop élevé, mais si cette tendance persiste, c’est enfin une bonne nouvelle», a déclaré le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen. Pour la même période de l’an dernier, marquée par les premières semaines de l’offensive russe en Ukraine, 56 journalistes avaient été tués (116 dans 29 pays sur l’ensemble de l’année). Les quatre premiers mois de 2023 représentent une baisse de 71%.

Le statu quo dans les combats en Ukraine explique en partie cette forte diminution: un seul journaliste a été tué jusqu’ici en Ukraine cette année. Les autorités ukrainiennes ont en outre pris des mesures limitant l’accès des médias aux zones de combat.

La PEC s’inquiète toutefois de la reprise annoncée des affrontements à plus grande échelle en Ukraine et rappelle à tous les belligérants que les travailleurs des médias sont protégés en tant que civils par les Conventions de Genève.

Depuis janvier, 2 journalistes ont été tués en Afghanistan, 2 au Cameroun, 2 au Mexique et 2 en Haïti. Un journaliste a été tué au Bangladesh, un au Canada, un aux États-Unis, un au Guatemala, un en Inde, un au Paraguay et un en Ukraine. Le cas d’un journaliste mort de manière suspecte au Rwanda demeure sous enquête.

La PEC condamne fermement ces assassinats et demande que leurs responsables soient rapidement identifiés et traduits en justice.

Russie, Israël et Assange

En dépit de cette amélioration sur le nombre de victimes, des situations continuent d’être très préoccupantes. La liberté de la presse est en recul notamment en Afghanistan, Birmanie, Iran, et Russie. L’arrestation par les services de sécurité russe d’un journaliste du Wall Street Journal le 30 mars marque une escalade supplémentaire dans la répression des médias en Russie. La PEC a demandé la libération immédiate de Evan Geshkovich.

La PEC dénonce aussi les entraves placées à l’encontre du travail des journalistes palestiniens au cours de ces dernières semaines de violences dans les territoires occupés. Une dizaine de journalistes palestiniens ont été agressés ou blessés par les forces de sécurité israéliennes. La PEC regrette en outre qu’un journaliste double-national suisse et palestinien se trouve en détention administrative dans une prison du Neguev en Israël, depuis plus d’un an, sans motifs.

La PEC déplore aussi que Julian Assange, le fondateur de WikiLeaks, reste détenu dans une prison britannique depuis quatre ans sans jugement. La PEC exige une nouvelle fois sa libération pour des raisons humanitaires et l’abandon des charges à son encontre par les États-Unis.

L’UNESCO célèbre cette année à New York le 30e anniversaire de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, proclamée par l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU le 3 mai 1993, sur le thème «la liberté d’expression, clé de voûte des droits humains».

Día de la libertad de prensa - Disminución del número de periodistas asesinados en el 2023

Ginebra, 2 de mayo de 2023 (PEC).- El número de periodistas asesinados ha disminuido de enero a abril de 2023 en comparación con el mismo período del año pasado, dijo este martes la Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés) con motivo del Día Mundial de la libertad de Prensa. Desde enero, 16 trabajadores de los medios han sido asesinados, la cifra más baja en 15 años, según los mismos criterios.

«Esta cifra es demasiado alta aún, pero, si esta tendencia continúa, finalmente es una buena noticia », dijo el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen. Para el mismo período del año pasado, marcado por las primeras semanas de la ofensiva rusa en Ucrania, 56 periodistas fueron asesinados (116 en 29 países durante todo el año). Los primeros cuatro meses de 2023 representa una caída del 71%.

El statu quo en los combates en Ucrania explica, en parte, este fuerte declive: solo un periodista ha sido asesinado en dicho país este año. Las autoridades ucranianas también han tomado medidas para limitar el acceso de los medios a las zonas de combate.

Sin embargo, la PEC está preocupada por la anunciada reanudación de los enfrentamientos a gran escala en Ucrania y le recuerda a todos los beligerantes que los trabajadores de los medios están considerados como « civiles » por las Convenciones de Ginebra.

Desde enero, 2 periodistas han sido asesinados en Afganistán, 2 en Camerún, 2 en Haití, y 2 en México. Uno periodista en Bangladesh, uno en Canadá, uno en Estados Unidos, uno en Guatemala, uno en India, otro en Paraguay y el periodista ucraniano. El caso de un periodista que murió sospechosamente en Ruanda aún sigue bajo investigación.

La PEC condena enérgicamente estos asesinatos y pide que los responsables sean rápidamente identificados y llevados ante la justicia.

Rusia, Israel y Assange

A pesar de esta mejora en el número de víctimas, varias situaciones continúan siendo de gran preocupación. La libertad de prensa está en declive, particularmente en Afganistán, Birmania, Irán y Rusia. El arresto, por parte de los servicios de seguridad rusos, de un reportero del Wall Street Journal, el 30 de marzo, marca una nueva escalada en la represión de los medios de Rusia. La PEC ha pedido la liberación inmediata de Evan Geshkovich.

La PEC también denuncia los obstáculos puestos contra el trabajo de los periodistas palestinos durante las últimas semanas de violencia en los territorios ocupados. Las fuerzas de seguridad israelíes agredieron o hirieron a una docena de periodistas palestinos. La PEC lamenta que un periodista con doble nacionalidad suiza y palestina haya estado en detención administrativa en una prisión de Negev en Israel durante más de un año, sin motivos.

La PEC también lamenta que Julian Assange, el fundador de WikiLeaks, haya estado detenido en una prisión británica durante cuatro años sin juicio. La PEC exige, una vez más, su liberación por motivos humanitarios y el retiro de los cargos en su contra por parte de los Estados Unidos.

La UNESCO celebra este año, en Nueva York, el 30e aniversario del Día Mundial de la Libertad de Prensa, proclamado por la Asamblea General de la ONU el 3 de mayo de 1993, bajo el lema « La libertad de expresión, motor de todos los demás derechos humanos ».


09.04.2023. AFGHANISTAN, Taliban continues arresting Afghan journos, PEC demands justice

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia representative

Geneva, 9 April 2023: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, expressed concern over the arrest of three Afghan journalists by the Taliban forces in the south Asian country and demanded the authorities to stop persecuting the scribes.  Local media outlets reported that two reporters from Radio Television Afghanistan (Safiullah Wafa and Noor Agha) and a scribe from TV Tanwir (Ghulam Ali Wahdat) were picked up by the intelligence agencies from Pule-e-Khumri locality in Baghlan province on 5 April.

According to Afghanistan Journalists Center, over 236 cases of media freedom violations were documented in the last 12 months. Days back, a deadly terror attack at Tebyan Cultural Center during a journalists'meeting killed two media persons and injured 30 others. Over one thousand journalists have fled Afghanistan since the Taliban regime grabbed power in Kabul after the fall of President Ashraf Ghani’s government on 15 August 2021.

PEC had earlier called upon the United Nations and the international community to take note of the growing security threats to professional journalists there.

“The Taliban regime must respect the press freedom and ensure the safety of working journalists. A few days back, Afghanistan’s only women-run radio station Sadai Banowan was  shut down by the Taliban regime for playing music during the month of Ramadan. However, it has now resumed its operation,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC (https://pressemblem.ch/).

Sadai Banowan (literally meaning women’s voices) was launched a decade back in Dari locality of Badakhshan province. The local Taliban authority asserted that the radio station violated laws and regulations of the Islamic Emirate by broadcasting songs and music during Ramadan and hence it was shuttered. Later the authority informed that the radio station management agreed to obey all rules and regulations of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (read avoiding broadcast of any musical items) and assured that it would not repeat the mistake. So the station was allowed to resume activities on 6 April, reported media outlets quoting responsible Taliban leaders.

Speaking to Nava Thakuria, PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative, an Afghan scribe revealed that the media fraternity
has already lost most of their female members as the regime maintains harsh policies towards them. He also added that over 200 newspapers, television channels and radio stations have been closed down since the Taliban came to power after a coup.
​​​​​​​

30.03.2023. PEC demands the immediate release of Wall Street Journal reporter detained in Russia

Geneva, 30 March 2023 (PEC) Wall Street Journal reporter arrested by Russian authorities, accused of espionage. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC)  demands the immediate release of the journalist who was only doing his job.

The FSB security services said they had "halted the illegal activities of US citizen Evan Geshkovich," saying the Wall Street Journal reporter was "suspected of spying in the interests of the American government." The announcement marks a serious escalation in Kremlin's efforts to silence independent media, a crackdown that gained momentum following Russia's military operation in Ukraine last year, denounced the PEC.

Geshkovich, 31 was working with press accreditation issued by the Russian foreign ministry. The FSB statement said he had been detained for gathering information "on an enterprise of the Russian military-industrial complex" in Yekaterinburg (1,800 kilometres east of Moscow). 

Following the news of his arrest, the Wall Street Journal issued a statement on Thursday, saying it was "deeply concerned for the safety of Mr. Gershkovich." The Wall Street Journal vehemently denies the allegations from the FSB. Gershkovich could face up to 20 years in prison if convicted of espionage.

Before joining the Wall Street Journal Gershkovich, 31, worked for Agence France Presse (AFP) in Moscow. He was previously a reporter based in the Russian capital for The Moscow Times. He is the first reporter for an American news outlet to be arrested on espionage charges in Russia since the Cold War.

The US secretary of state, Antony J. Blinken, said he was “deeply concerned.” State Department officials had contacted Russian authorities to secure access to the reporter and check on his welfare. “The targeting of American citizens by the Russian government is unacceptable,” Karine Jean-Pierre, the White House press secretary, said in a statement. “We condemn the detention of Mr. Gershkovich in the strongest terms. We also condemn the Russian government’s continued targeting and repression of journalists and freedom of the press.”

Photos and video appeared to show Mr. Gershkovich exiting a court building in Moscow on Thursday afternoon with a jacket hood over his head. He pleaded not guilty to espionage charges, the Russian state news agency Tass reported.

Mr. Peskov, the spokesman for Mr. Putin, said that the Kremlin was not planning to shut down The Journal’s Moscow bureau. “Those that are carrying out normal journalistic activity, if they have a valid accreditation, then of course they will continue to work,” he said. Many foreign journalists pulled out of Russia after the country enacted laws to punish anyone who discredits Russian forces in Ukraine, and the U.S. State Department has repeatedly advised all Americans to leave the country.

The new law has left many of the remaining journalists uncertain about what would be considered crossing the line at the expense of free information. PEC is very concerned for the safety of Mr. Gershkovich and will follow the case hoping that it will be resolved quickly

24.03.2023. UKRAINE.  The new rules for journalists in Ukraine in the war zone are due to be revised

Geneva, March 24, 2023 — The new rules for journalists in Ukraine in the war zone are due to be revised, Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) said in a statement on Friday.

On March 19, the Armed Forces of Ukraine introduced new rules for war reporters. Now journalists cannot work in the so-called “red zones” and can only work with a military escort in the less dangerous “yellow zones”. The rest of the territory is considered a “green zone” where journalists work freely.

Such zoning makes it impossible for journalists to work along the entire front line, as well as in some liberated civilian cities, according to Andrii Ianitskyi, Press Emblem Campaign's representative in Ukraine.

“Any restrictions should be reasonable and should not paralyse the work of thousands of foreign and local journalists who play an important role in establishing the truth, including recording the war crimes of Russians in Ukraine,” Mr. Ianitskyi said.

The new rules came into force simultaneously with the new system of accreditation of journalists by the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine. From May, accreditation will be valid for only 6 months, after which it will have to be re-registered. The new accreditation rules create an additional administrative burden on editorial offices.

In the context of the adoption by the Ukrainian Parliament of a new law on media, which also restricts the work of journalists, the new rules of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reflect the general negative trend towards restricting freedom of speech in the country at war.

These difficulties show the need to adopt an international convention for the protection of journalists, especially in war zones, to guarantee access to independent information and at the same time the safety of journalists, added PEC President Blaise Lempen. As the war will escalate in the coming months, rules must be proportionate and clear.

Read more on the “zoning”: https://imi.org.ua/en/news/military-command-outlines-the-red-yellow-and-green-working-zones-for-journalists-in-the-south-i51577


22.03.2023. UNITED NATIONS. HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL - 52nd session - PEC statement item 4 general debate: PEC urges the Russian and Iranian authorities to allow media to report unimpeded by government interference.

General Assembly

Human Rights Council 52nd session

General Debate item 4

Mr President,

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is very worried by the deterioration of freedom of expression in Russia since the start of the invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. About hundred new laws restricting press freedom have been passed in Russia. There is military censorship, almost all independent media have been banned, blocked, or declared “foreign agents”. And hundreds of journalists left the country.

PEC condemns the systematic campaign of repression and restriction of civic space that has taken place in Russia. The criminalisation of protest, the silencing of the free press, and the massive propagation of disinformation are all factors which enabled the Kremlin to perpetrate his war of aggression in Ukraine.

PEC is also deeply concerned by the worsening of press freedom in Iran. Many journalists have reportedly been detained to prevent them from exposing Iran’s human rights abuses. We call on Iran to release all arbitrarily detained individuals, including all journalists. We condemn the Iranian authorities’ actions to restrict the access to the Internet and disrupt social media platforms.

PEC urges the Russian and Iranian authorities to allow media to report unimpeded by government interference.

Thank you, Mr President

Geneva, 22 March 2023


08.03.2023. UNITED NATIONS. HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL - 52nd session - PEC statement item 2 general debate: PEC very worried by the further deterioration in Afghanistan and Myanmar, urges to release all journalists detained 


General Assembly

Human Rights Council 52nd session

General Debate item 2

Mr President,

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) thanks the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan, Richard Bennett for his report (A/HRC/52/84) and the High Commissioner for his report on Myanmar (A/HRC/52/21).

These two countries are of deep concern for the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC). We are very worried by the further deterioration of the Afghan media landscape. The recent detention of Franco-Afghan journalist Mortaza Behboudi is one more example of an alarming escalation in the Taliban persecution of journalists. The media, including foreigners, are increasingly subject to surveillance, threats, violence, and arrests, and 60 per cent of Afghan journalists have lost their jobs since August 2021.

In Myanmar, over 140 media employees were arrested by the Myanmar junta since February 2021. No less than 45 journalists are still under the military custody with fake cases imposed on them. Several media outlets have closed their offices inside Myanmar after repeated threats by the militaries. Two journalists were killed in one year.

PEC fully supports the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur and the High Commissioner and asks Members of the Council to devote all the necessary attention to these two country situations to uphold the freedom of the press and the safety of journalists.

Thank you, Mr President

Geneva, 7 March 2023


02.03.2023. INDIA. Journalist Devendra Khare attacked, PEC demands punishment to perpetrators

With Nava Thakuria, PEC Representative for South Asia

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, condemns the recent physical attack on a journalist in Uttar
Pradesh and demands stringent punishments to the perpetrators. Devendra Khare, who is associated with the privately owned Hindi media
outlet News1India, was shot at by miscreants in the evening hours of 26 February at Chandpur area of Jaunpur city. Injured Khare is now
recovering from wounds in the hospital.

According to local media reports, Khare and some of his friends were in the office premises when two masked gunmen fired at him twice. He
sustained injuries to his stomach and right hand. The gunmen left the place immediately. A case has been registered against one Rituraj
Singh and two others, whom Khare claimed to be involved with the incident. A number of people were interrogated by the police, but no
arrest has been made till date.

“Targetting journalists is always condemnable and we demand a high level probe into the incident to nab the perpetrators. Devendra Khare
should be offered competent medical treatment free of cost by the UP government,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC
(www.pressemblem.ch), adding that only a few days back India witnessed the murder of Shashikant Warishe, who used to work for
Marathi-language daily Mahanagari Times in Maharashtra.

PEC's representative Nava Thakuria reveals that India witnessed the murder of four journalists (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned
Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato) last year. Pakistan lost journalists Sadaf Naeem, Arshad Sharif, Muhammad Younis, Iftikhar
Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen in different incidents. Bangladesh witnessed the killing of journalists Hashibur
Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari to assailants, whereas Myanmar lost Aye Kyaw and Pu Tui Dim to military atrocities in
2022.

20.02.2023. UKRAINE. A year after the Russian attack: the safety of journalists, the new media law and the decline of television influence

texte en français ci-dessous


by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine


Lviv (Ukraine)/Geneva, 20 February 2023 


  1. Working as a journalist in Ukraine has become safer, but more difficult

43 media workers were killed by Russian occupiers in Ukraine in 2022 according to the Institute of Mass Information (IMI). At least 8 of them died while performing journalistic activities and 35 died as participants in hostilities or became victims of shelling, not while performing journalistic duties.


Despite these terrible figures, the security situation for journalists has improved markedly during the year. This was facilitated by such factors: the localization of hostilities in the south and east of Ukraine, the tightening of the military accreditation system, and the growth of the professionalism of journalists. Finally, humanitarian organizations provided personal protective equipment (body armor and helmets, first aid kits) for the media and train hundreds of journalists in first aid.


The journalistic community is divided into those who regularly cover the war, and those who have returned to the usual peaceful topics: economics, culture, and sports news.


However, the work of journalists on the frontline has become more difficult due to tighter military restrictions. We have noted several cases in which the military has withdrawn military accreditation from journalists under dubious pretexts. The most scandalous case was connected with the liberation of Kherson by Ukrainian troops from Russian invaders – a southern city on the right bank of the Dnipro River. The military revoked the accreditation of all journalists who arrived in Kherson before the official press tour. After a scandal in the professional environment, all journalists had their permissions restored.


  1. Controversial media law passed


Ukraine’s new media law was one of seven conditions laid down by Brussels for fast-track EU-candidate status. The Parliament of Ukraine approved it at the end of 2022, despite the protests of journalistic organizations.


Ukrainian journalists and the international media community criticized the law. The European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) argued that the draft amounted to “forced regulation” by the authorities. Ukraine’s journalists’ union also agreed that the law would limit freedom of speech. 


The real impact of the new law is not yet clear, because it will come into force only in April. The law increases the government's regulatory power over TV, radio, and news websites. However, the law was significantly softened after almost 1,000 revisions before the final vote.

Journalists fear that the new law will be used not only to limit Russian propaganda, but also to limit critics of the Ukrainian government. Their fears are based on the fact that in 2022 three pro-Ukrainian TV channels were taken off the air, allegedly due to links with former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, an opponent of Volodymyr Zelensky. These TV channels continue to broadcast via satellite, the Internet, and cable networks, but their audience has declined markedly. Almost all other sociopolitical TV channels have been united by the Ukrainian authorities into a United News Channel, which is de facto controlled by the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine.


  1. The interest of Ukrainians in television continues to fall


The interest of Ukrainians in television is steadily declining year by year. In the latest survey by the research company Gradus Research over 60% of Ukrainians get news on social networks and online media, while a little less than half of the country's residents watch the news on TV.


Another USAID-supported survey showed an even higher level of influence of social networks – over 70% of Ukrainians get news from there. It is worrying that of all social networks, Telegram, created by a Russian, occupies the primacy, and the most popular feeds on it are anonymous gossip, rumors and unverified news. 


The reasons for the decline in interest in linear television may be not only technical progress. As we wrote above, the authorities removed part of the TV channels from the air, and the other part was merged into United News. As a result, the choice for TV viewers has been reduced, and TV critics talk about the low quality of United News content. 


  1. Problems with access to information, in particular to registries


The work of journalists is complicated by the lack of full access to government datasets that were open before the Russian invasion on February 24, 2022. For greater cybersecurity, the Ukrainian authorities have closed or restricted access to government registries, ranging from military procurement data to business enterprise registries. The access of journalists to meetings of local governments and central authorities is still limited. All this increases the risk of corruption.


  1. Russian-occupied territories of Ukraine are turning into news deserts


The work of independent journalists in the territories occupied by Russia is impossible. The media receive information from anonymous informants via messengers or from people who managed to leave the occupation. At the same time, Russian propagandists (the so-called war correspondents) work in the occupied territories and report on the successes of the Russian army. Often these messages turn out to be fake.


Immediately after seizing new territories, the Russians begin to persecute independent journalists and seize the editorial offices of independent media. This was the case in Crimea, Donetsk, and Lugansk in 2014, and the same thing happened in 2022. For example, in Kherson, the Russians smashed the office of the public television Suspilne.Kherson. Now, after the liberation of Kherson by Ukrainian troops, the non-governmental organization Lviv Media Forum is collecting donations to restore the work of the local Kherson media. Thus, journalists from the very west of the country, near the border with the European Union, help their colleagues from the south, who find themselves in a difficult situation.*

Andrii Ianitsky is a journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com) - His first report was published on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5 April 2022, fourth on 11 April, fifth on 22 April, sixth on 10 May, seventh on 27 June, eighth on 6 November 



20.02.2023. UKRAINE. Un an après l'attaque russe : la sécurité des journalistes, la nouvelle loi sur les médias et le déclin de l'influence de la télévision


par Andrii Ianitsky, représentant de la PEC en Ukraine



Lviv (Ukraine)/Genève, 20 février 2023.

1.Travailler comme journaliste en Ukraine est devenu plus sûr, mais plus difficile

Selon l'Institut de l'information de masse (IMI), 43 professionnels des médias ont été tués par les occupants russes en Ukraine en 2022. Au moins 8 d'entre eux sont morts dans l'exercice de leurs activités journalistiques (selon le Comité pour la protection des journalistes, on dénombre 14 décès de ce type), et 35 sont morts en participant aux hostilités ou ont été victimes de bombardements, et non dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions journalistiques.

Malgré ces chiffres terribles, la situation de la sécurité des journalistes s'est nettement améliorée au cours de l'année. Cette évolution a été facilitée par des facteurs tels que la localisation des hostilités dans le sud et l'est de l'Ukraine, le renforcement du système d'accréditation militaire et l'accroissement du professionnalisme des journalistes. Enfin, les organisations humanitaires ont fourni des équipements de protection individuelle (gilets pare-balles et casques, trousses de premiers secours) aux médias et formé des centaines de journalistes aux premiers secours.

La communauté journalistique se divise entre ceux qui couvrent régulièrement la guerre et ceux qui sont revenus aux sujets pacifiques habituels : économie, culture et informations sportives.

Cependant, le travail des journalistes sur la ligne de front est devenu plus difficile en raison des restrictions militaires plus strictes. Nous avons relevé plusieurs cas dans lesquels l'armée a retiré l'accréditation militaire à des journalistes sous des prétextes douteux. Le cas le plus scandaleux est lié à la libération de Kherson par les troupes ukrainiennes des envahisseurs russes - une ville du sud située sur la rive droite du fleuve Dnipro. Les militaires ont révoqué l'accréditation de tous les journalistes qui sont arrivés à Kherson avant la tournée de presse officielle. Après un scandale dans le milieu professionnel, tous les journalistes ont vu leurs autorisations rétablies.


2. Adoption d’une loi controversée sur les médias


La nouvelle loi ukrainienne sur les médias était l'une des sept conditions fixées par Bruxelles pour obtenir le statut de candidat accéléré à l'UE. Le Parlement ukrainien l'a approuvée à la fin de l'année 2022, malgré les protestations des organisations journalistiques.

Les journalistes ukrainiens et la communauté internationale des médias ont critiqué la loi. La Fédération européenne des journalistes (FEJ) a fait valoir que le projet équivalait à une "réglementation forcée" par les autorités. Le syndicat des journalistes ukrainiens a également estimé que la loi limiterait la liberté d'expression.

L'impact réel de la nouvelle loi n'est pas encore clair, car elle n'entrera en vigueur qu'en avril. La loi accroît le pouvoir réglementaire du gouvernement sur la télévision, la radio et les sites d'information. Cependant, la loi a été considérablement adoucie après près de 1 000 révisions avant le vote final.


Les journalistes craignent que la nouvelle loi soit utilisée non seulement pour limiter la propagande russe, mais aussi pour limiter les critiques du gouvernement ukrainien. Leurs craintes sont fondées sur le fait qu'en 2022, trois chaînes de télévision pro-ukrainiennes ont été retirées des ondes, prétendument en raison de leurs liens avec l'ancien président ukrainien Petro Porochenko, un opposant de Volodymyr Zelensky. Ces chaînes de télévision continuent à émettre par satellite, sur Internet et sur les réseaux câblés, mais leur audience a nettement diminué. Presque toutes les autres chaînes de télévision sociopolitiques ont été réunies par les autorités ukrainiennes au sein de la chaîne United News Channel, qui est contrôlée de facto par le ministère de la Culture de l'Ukraine.

3. L'intérêt des Ukrainiens pour la télévision continue de baisser

L'intérêt des Ukrainiens pour la télévision ne cesse de diminuer d'année en année. Selon la dernière enquête de la société de recherche Gradus Research, plus de 60 % des Ukrainiens s'informent sur les réseaux sociaux et les médias en ligne, tandis qu'un peu moins de la moitié des habitants du pays regardent les informations à la télévision.

Une autre enquête financée par l'USAID a révélé un niveau d'influence encore plus élevé des réseaux sociaux : plus de 70 % des Ukrainiens s'y informent. Il est inquiétant que de tous les réseaux sociaux, Telegram, créé par un Russe, occupe la primauté, et que les flux les plus populaires sur ce réseau soient des potins anonymes, des rumeurs et des nouvelles non vérifiées.

Les raisons de la baisse d'intérêt pour la télévision linéaire ne sont peut-être pas seulement dues au progrès technique. Comme nous l'avons écrit plus haut, les autorités ont retiré une partie des chaînes de télévision de l'antenne, et l'autre partie a été fusionnée dans United News. En conséquence, le choix des téléspectateurs a été réduit, et les critiques de la télévision parlent de la faible qualité du contenu de United News.

4. Problèmes d'accès à l'information, en particulier aux registres

Le travail des journalistes est compliqué par l'absence d'un accès complet aux registres de données gouvernementales qui étaient ouverts avant l'invasion russe du 24 février 2022. Pour plus de cybersécurité, les autorités ukrainiennes ont fermé ou restreint l'accès aux registres gouvernementaux, allant des données sur les marchés publics militaires aux registres des entreprises commerciales. L'accès des journalistes aux réunions des gouvernements locaux et des autorités centrales est toujours limité. Tout cela augmente le risque de corruption.

5. Les territoires ukrainiens occupés par la Russie se transforment en déserts d'informations

Le travail des journalistes indépendants dans les territoires occupés par la Russie est impossible. Les médias reçoivent des informations d'informateurs anonymes via des messagers ou de personnes qui ont réussi à quitter l'occupation. Dans le même temps, des propagandistes russes (les "correspondants de guerre") travaillent dans les territoires occupés et relatent les succès de l'armée russe. Souvent, ces messages s'avèrent être faux.

Immédiatement après s'être emparés de nouveaux territoires, les Russes ont commencé à persécuter les journalistes indépendants et à saisir les rédactions des médias indépendants. C'était le cas en Crimée, à Donetsk et à Lougansk en 2014, et la même chose s'est produite en 2022. Par exemple, à Kherson, les Russes ont fracassé le bureau de la télévision publique Suspilne.Kherson. Maintenant, après la libération de Kherson par les troupes ukrainiennes, l'organisation non gouvernementale Lviv Media Forum collecte des dons pour restaurer le travail des médias locaux de Kherson. Ainsi, les journalistes de l'extrême ouest du pays, près de la frontière avec l'Union européenne, aident leurs collègues du sud, qui se trouvent dans une situation difficile.


Andrii Ianitsky est un journaliste désormais basé à Lviv et représentant de la Press Emblème Campagne (PEC) en Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com).

Son premier rapport a été publié le 19 mars 2022, le deuxième le 28 mars 2022, le troisième le 5 avril 2022, le quatrième le 11 avril, le cinquième le 22 avril, le sixième le 10 mai, le septième le 27 juin et le huitième le 6 novembre 2022.



17.02.2023. AFGHANISTAN. PEC demands release of Afghan scribe Mortaza Behboudi

With Nava Thakuria, PEC south Asia Representative

Geneva, 17 February 2023: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, demands an immediate release of Afghan journalist Mortaza Behboudi, who was arrested on 7 January by the Taliban regime in Kabul. Though Afghanistan did not report any incident of journo-murder last year, the troubled south-east Asian nation maintains its pathetic record over media persons, hundreds of whom have already escaped the poverty-stricken country since the Taliban grabbed the power.

Recently, the Afghanistan Journalists Center called for an immediate and unconditional release of Mortaza, who possesses dual nationality (Afghan and French) for some years and is presently held in a Kabul prison. It also expressed concern that the whereabouts and the current situation of Mortaza have not been disclosed. The centre urged the Islamic Emirate (Taliban) authorities to release the award-winning journalist.

“Afghanistan continues to reflect the poor press freedom situation, where journalists are routinely facing threats, insults, detentions and physical assaults. Over 600 active Afghan media outlets now cease to operate. Over one hundred Afghan journalists were temporarily detained by the authorities last year. The female journalists are facing the most challenging time there. We demand authorities to ensure press freedom,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

The south Asia representative of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch), Nava Thakuria revealed that Mortaza began his career as a photojournalist and later fled his country to Paris. Soon Mortaza started contributing news and articles for a number of French newspapers and news channels. Even he took assignments from various media outlets in France. With such an assignment Mortaza arrived in Kabul on 5 January and subsequently he was detained by the Taliban agencies.
14.02.2023. PEC condemns media restriction in Cambodia

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia Representative

Geneva, 14 February 2023: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, expressed serious concern over the recent closure of a leading independent media outlet, available in Cambodia’s official language Khmer and English by the government and condemns all kinds of media restrictions in the south-east Asian country ahead of the scheduled national elections in July.


Voice of Democracy (VOD), the online outlet along with a radio station, becomes the last victim of media restriction policies adopted by the Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, following a news item on 9 February involving the PM’s eldest son that seemingly hurt the dignity of the government in Phnom Penh. It cancelled the license of VOD, the voice of millions of Cambodians, even though the management tendered an apology for the concerned news-article.


“Cambodian authorities should respect the freedom of the press and it becomes essential as the country of 17 million people is expecting a free & fair general election within six months. If the government does not show its due respect to the media, how can it ensure an honest electoral exercise,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC, adding that PM Hun Sen must allow all media
outlets to function without intervention.


PEC’s south-east Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that the VOD published an item alleging that Hun Manet, deputy commander of the country’s armed forces, signed a deal relating to the Cambodia’s aid to earthquake devastated Turkey, on behalf of his father. Hun Sen denied the allegation and stated that  it damaged the government reputation. Even when the VOD management asserted that it quoted a government official, he stated that it was unacceptable.


Remaining in power for 38 years, Hun Sen tips to politically empower his son in the ruling Cambodian People's Party. Earlier, two prominent daily newspapers namely The Cambodian Daily and The Phnom Penh Post faced wrath from the government. Started its venture in 2003, the VOD attracted the readers with a number of investigative and in-depth reports on corruption, mismanagement and misuse of power by the individuals in high places.


09.02.2023. INDIA. Journalist killed in India, PEC demands a fair probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia Representative

Geneva, 9 February 2023: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses shock over the killing of journalist Shashikant Warishe in Maharashtra and demands a fair probe to identify the culprit for punishing under the law. Warishe (48), who used to work for Marathi-language daily Mahanagari Times, was mowed down by a four-wheeler on Monday 6 February at Rajapur area following which he was rushed to a nearby hospital. The brave journalist succumbed to injuries on 7 February.

The committed journalist prepared a series of reports over the resistance by the local residents of Barsu locality against a petroleum refinery. On the fateful day, Warishe was riding his two-wheeler when a speeding SUV hit him and dragged for some distance. A local land mafia dealer named Pandarinath Ambekar, whom Warishe described as a criminal in his media reports, was reportedly driving the four-wheeler. Maharashtra police have registered a murder case against Ambekar and promptly arrested him.

“Killing of a journalist because of his/her media report is no way acceptable. In Shashikant Warishe’s case, he faced the brutal incident within hours of a published newspaper report against the accused. Maharashtra government must take the case seriously and punish the guilty,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC, adding that Shashikant becomes the fourth journalist to be killed this year worldwide after Ashiqul Islam (Bangladesh), Martinez Zogo (Cameroun) and Michael Finlay (Canada).

PEC south-Asia representative Nava Thakuria reveals that India witnessed the murder of four journalists (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato) last year. Its neighbour Pakistan lost journalists Sadaf Naeem, Arshad Sharif, Muhammad Younis, Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen in different incidents. Similarly, Bangladesh witnessed thekilling of journalists Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari to assailants, whereas Myanmar lost Aye Kyaw and Pu Tui Dim to military atrocities during 2022.



16.01.2023. FIRST JOURNALIST KILLED in 2023. Bangladeshi journalist murdered, PEC demands fair probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South-East Asia Representative

Geneva: New year brings sad news as a young Bangladeshi journalist was killed in the first half of 2023. Ashiqul Islam (27), who worked for Dainik Paryabekhoan from  Brahmanbaria locality (which is adjacent to India’s north-eastern State of Tripura) was hacked to death on 9 January by a group of miscreants. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body condemned the killing and demanded a fair probe to book the culprits under the law.

“We have just passed a deadly year for working journalists with 116 casualties across the world. Ukraine has lost 34 media persons followed by Mexico (17), Haiti (8), Pakistan (6), Philippines (5), Colombia, India (4 each), Bangladesh, Israel/Palestine, Honduras, Yemen (3 each), etc in 2022,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC. Urging Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
for a high level enquiry to investigate the motive of perpetrators, Lempen also called for an international convention over the matter of jouno-murders.


PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria reveals that Ashiqul was returning home attending an evening function when he was targeted by a group of assailants. The culprits left Ashiqul seriously injured. He was taken to a nearby hospital by onlookers, but soon succumbed to wounds. The Bangla police have arrested at least one individual suspecting his involvement with the murder and investigating the motive of killers.


Last year, Bangladesh lost journalists Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari to assailants. On the other hand, India witnessed the murder of Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato. Pakistan lost Sadaf Naeem, Arshad Sharif, Muhammad Younis, Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen in different incidents. Similarly, Myanmar lost photojournalist Aye Kyaw and reporter Pu Tui Dim to the relentless military atrocities during 2022.


12..01.2023. Table ronde au Club suisse de la presse 12 janvier 2023 : «Quelle liberté de la presse en zone de conflit ?» - La PEC lance un appel à créer un groupe de travail au sein de l’ONU pour l’adoption d’une Convention sur la sécurité des journalistes – intervention du président de la PEC Blaise Lempen

English after French

Vidéo de la table ronde sur: https://pressclub.ch/quelle-liberte-de-la-presse-en-zone-de-conflit/

Merci d’abord au Club suisse de la presse et à l’Union de la presse francophone d’avoir organisé ce débat. Alors que l’Europe se retrouve confrontée à la perspective d’un conflit prolongé, avec des risques d’escalade, la question est plus que jamais d’actualité. Au moins 35 journalistes sont morts en Ukraine depuis février 2022, si l’on ajoute les journalistes morts comme soldats ou tués par des frappes comme civils à ceux morts en exerçant leur métier.

Actuellement, les journalistes sont protégés en tant que civils par les Conventions de Genève.

Toutefois cette protection s’avère insuffisante, car les civils sont de plus en plus souvent mêlés au conflit et la cible des belligérants, comme c’est le cas en Ukraine depuis l’invasion russe de février 2022.

Les travailleurs des médias ont une mission particulière, celle d’informer, qui les différencie des autres civils. Ils doivent témoigner des atrocités sur le terrain, dénoncer les violations du droit humanitaire, de manière impartiale, enquêter pour établir les faits. Je rappelle que protéger les journalistes, c’est protéger la démocratie, car il n’y a pas de démocratie sans information libre.

Pour cela, nous estimons que les travailleurs des médias doivent bénéficier d’une protection renforcée. Depuis sa création la PEC est favorable à l’adoption d’une Convention internationale sur la protection des journalistes. Cette idée gagne du terrain. La Fédération internationale des journalistes a récemment lancé une campagne mondiale pour l’adoption d’une telle Convention.

La PEC avait mené des consultations sur un tel projet en 2007 déjà. Ces consultations avaient été présidées par l’ambassadeur du Mexique à l’ONU Luis Alfonso de Alba, premier président du Conseil des droits de l’homme (créé en 2006), convaincu de la nécessité d’une telle Convention. Une quinzaine d’ambassadeurs avaient répondu à l’appel et nous avons tenu trois séances de discussions informelles. Ces consultations se sont néanmoins interrompues avec le départ de l’ambassadeur de Alba. Des diplomates nous ont alors indiqué qu’ils préféraient procéder par étapes, progressivement. Un groupe d’amis de la sécurité des journalistes a été créé au Conseil des droits de l’homme, sous la houlette de l’Autriche, comprenant également le Brésil, la France, la Grèce, le Maroc, le Qatar et la Tunisie. Depuis 2012, 6 résolutions sur la sécurité des journalistes omt ainsi été adoptées par consensus par le Conseil des droits de l’homme, l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU a suivi avec 6 autres résolutions de même nature et le Conseil de sécurité a adopté 2 résolutions, en 2006 et en 2015, les résolutions 1738 et 2022.

La sensibilisation à cette problématique a donc beaucoup progressé et toutes ces résolutions forment un corpus juridique qui peut servir de base à une Convention. Simultanément, l’UNESCO a établi un plan d’action qui vient de fêter son 10e anniversaire. Mais il est temps de passer à l’étape suivante.

Avantages d'un traité

Quelles seraient les avantages d’un traité en bonne et dure forme ? D’abord évidemment, le caractère contraignant, les signataires s’engageant à le respecter. Mais aussi le suivi par un comité d’experts, comme c’est le cas pour les autres traités onusiens des droits de l’homme. Les pays devraient donc rapporter régulièrement ce qu’ils ont fait en la matière et le comité pourrait documenter les abus, alerter, et surtout enquêter sur le terrain. Ce qui manque actuellement le plus, ce sont des enquêtes indépendantes. En zone de conflit, les belligérants s’opposent généralement à de telles enquêtes ou alors les exploitent à des fins de propagande. Or, l’impunité est un facteur aggravant. Faute de sanctions, les violations se poursuivent. Une Convention permettrait de combattre plus efficacement l’impunité des auteurs de crimes visant les journalistes. Elle pourrait garantir l’accès aux victimes en tout temps et en tout lieu avec l’instauration de trêves dans les combats, offrir des garanties de sécurité et recommander des mesures de protection (comme la formation, un équipement adéquat, le dialogue avec les parties, le travail en équipe pour minimiser les risques). On peut aussi concevoir des procédures d’indemnisation des victimes et de leur famille.

Les obstacles à surmonter ne sont pas négligeables. Les consultations que nous avons menées ont fait apparaître des clivages. Il y a ceux qui veulent restreindre la portée d’une Convention aux zones de conflit et de violences internes (notion à définir), ceux qui estiment que sa portée doit être universelle, en temps de paix comme en temps de guerre. Il est évident que les nombreuses dictatures qui peuplent la planète ne se rallieront pas au principe de la liberté de la presse, ce qui restreindra l’utilité d’une telle Convention, alors que le concept de sécurité des journalistes, utilisé dans les résolutions du Conseil, est plus consensuel. Par exemple, la Chine a désormais de nombreux journalistes postés à travers le monde et comme les autres ils sont exposés à des risques de violences. Prévoir des mécanismes de protection pourraient aussi leur être utile. Des journalistes russes ont aussi été tués en Ukraine.

Il y a le problème de la définition et de l’identification des journalistes – les blogers, les journalistes-citoyens sont-ils inclus ou non ? Faut-il par ailleurs un emblème universellement reconnu, uniforme, qui serait obligatoire en zone de conflit ou facultatif ? Il est clair qu’il faut s’identifier si l’on veut bénéficier d’une protection supplémentaire. Les travailleurs humanitaires s’identifient aussi dans les zones de conflit.

Il y a la question de la propagande, utilisée par les militaires de tous les camps, celle de l’indépendance des journalistes, notamment lorsqu’ils sont «embedded», embarqué par l’un ou l’autre camp. Peut-on se déplacer avec une escorte armée ? Il y a le problème posé par les enquêtes sur le terrain. Les belligérants devraient donner leur accord, ce qui en limiterait les possibilités réelles, et comment les réaliser dans un contexte de conflit ?

La profession de journaliste a évolué ces dernières années avec de nouveaux outils technologiques: il est aussi nécessaire de discuter de l'utilisation des drones en zone de conflit, de l'influence des réseaux sociaux, de l'exploitation des images satellite.

Toutes ces questions doivent être discutées avec les États, les experts et les représentants de la société civile et des médias. Nous espérons que les travaux pour une telle Convention démarrent cette année et nous appelons pour cela tous les pays membres de l’ONU à se joindre au processus.

Je pense que l’Union européenne pourrait lancer au sein de l’ONU les consultations sans attendre. Les pays latino-américains et beaucoup de pays africains ne devraient pas y être opposés.

Merci pour votre attention.


Roundtable at the Swiss Press Club 12 January 2023: "What press freedom in conflict zones? -  PEC calls for the creation of a UN working group for the adoption of a Convention on the safety of journalists - intervention of PEC President Blaise Lempen

First of all, I would like to thank the Swiss Press Club and the Union de la presse francophone for having organised this debate. As Europe faces the prospect of a prolonged conflict, with the risk of escalation, the issue is more topical than ever. At least 35 journalists have died in Ukraine since February 2022, if one adds journalists killed as soldiers or killed by strikes as civilians to journalists who died while doing their job.

Currently, journalists are protected as civilians by the Geneva Conventions.
However, this protection is proving to be insufficient, as civilians are increasingly being drawn into the conflict and targeted by the warring parties, as has been the case in Ukraine since the Russian invasion in February 2022.

Media workers have a particular mission to inform, which differentiates them from other civilians. They must bear witness to atrocities on the ground, denounce violations of humanitarian law in an impartial manner, and investigate to establish the facts. I would like to remind you that protecting journalists means protecting democracy, because there is no democracy without free information.

For this reason, we believe that media workers must benefit from reinforced protection. Since its creation, PEC has been in favour of the adoption of an international convention on the protection of journalists. This idea is gaining ground. The International Federation of Journalists has recently launched a global campaign for the adoption of such a Convention.

The PEC had already conducted consultations on such a project in 2007. These consultations were chaired by Mexican Ambassador to the UN Luis Alfonso de Alba, the first President of the Human Rights Council (established in 2006), who was convinced of the need for such a Convention. Some 15 ambassadors responded to the call and we held three sessions of informal discussions. However, these consultations were interrupted when Ambassador de Alba left. Diplomats told us that they preferred to proceed step by step.

A Group of Friends on the Safety of Journalists has been established at the Human Rights Council, led by Austria, and including Brazil, France, Greece, Morocco, Qatar and Tunisia. Since 2012, 6 resolutions on the safety of journalists have been adopted by consensus by the Human Rights Council, the UN General Assembly has followed with 6 other resolutions of the same nature and the Security Council has adopted 2 resolutions, in 2006 and in 2015, resolutions 1738 and 2022.

Awareness of this issue has therefore increased significantly and all these resolutions form a legal corpus that can serve as a basis for a Convention. At the same time, UNESCO has drawn up an action plan which has just celebrated its 10th anniversary. It^s time to take the next step.

Benefits of a treaty

What would be the benefits of a full-fledged treaty? First of all, obviously, the binding nature, with the signatories committing themselves to respect it. But also the monitoring by a committee of experts, as is the case for other UN human rights treaties. Countries should therefore report regularly on what they have done in this area, and the committee could document abuses, sound the alarm, and above all investigate on the ground.

What is currently most lacking are independent investigations. In conflict zones, the warring parties generally oppose such investigations or exploit them for propaganda purposes. Impunity is an aggravating factor. Without sanctions, violations continue. A convention would be more effective in combating impunity for crimes against journalists. It could guarantee access to victims at all times and in all places with the establishment of truces in fighting, provide safety guarantees and recommend protective measures (such as training, adequate equipment, dialogue with the parties, teamwork to minimise risks). Compensation procedures for victims and their families can also be designed.

The obstacles to be overcome are not insignificant. The consultations we conducted revealed divisions. There are those who want to restrict the scope of a Convention to areas of conflict and internal violence (a concept yet to be defined), and those who believe that its scope should be universal (in war and peace times). It is clear that the many dictatorships around the world will not support the principle of press freedom, which will limit the usefulness of such a Convention, whereas the concept of the safety of journalists, used in Council resolutions, is more consensual. For example, China now has many journalists posted around the world and like others they are at risk of violence. Providing protection mechanisms could also help them. Russian journalists have also been killed in Ukraine.

There is the problem of defining and identifying journalists - are bloggers included or not? Also, is there a need for a universally recognised, uniform emblem that would be mandatory in conflict zones or optional? It is clear that identification is necessary if one is to have additional protection. Humanitarian workers also identify themselves in conflict zones.

There is the question of propaganda, used by the military on all sides, and the question of the independence of journalists, especially when they are "embedded" by one side or the other. Can we travel with an armed escort ? There is the problem of field investigations. The belligerents would have to give their agreement, which would limit the real possibilities, and how to carry them out in a conflict context? 

The profession of journalist has evolved in recent years with new technological tools: it is also necessary to discuss the use of drones in conflict zones, the influence of social networks, the exploitation of satellite images.

All these questions need to be discussed with States, experts and representatives of civil society and the media. We hope that work on such a convention will start this year and we call on all UN member states to join the process. I think that the European Union could start the consultations within the UN without delay. The Latin American countries and many African countries should not be opposed to this.

Thank you for your attention.

21.12.2022. BENIN. Presse Emblème Campagne demande la libération immédiate sans condition du journaliste Virgile Ahouansé

PEC Presse Emblème Campagne demande la libération immédiate sans condition du journaliste Virgile Ahouansé convoqué à la Brigade Criminelle le 20 décembre et placé en garde à vue. Le Directeur de l’information de la radio en ligne Cristal-News est accusé d’avoir publié de fausses informations reprises par les réseaux sociaux.

«La PEC est très préoccupée par les manquements à la liberté de la presse au Bénin. Des exécutions sommaires auraient lieu depuis l’avènement au pouvoir de Patrice Talon. Des journalistes ont osé malgré les menaces de représailles mettre à nu des cas d’exécutions avec témoins à l’appui. Ils sont maintenant pourchassés seulement pour avoir fait leur boulot», a dénoncé le représentant de la PEC pour le Sahel Hamidou ElHadji Touré.

Virgile Ahouansé a été interpellé le lundi 19 décembre, quelques jours après la publication d’une enquête où il a évoqué un cas d’exécution sommaire, mettant en cause la police béninoise dans un article intituté : « Panique à Porto-Novo : la Police Républicaine procède à des exécutions sommaires dans une école ». L’enquête a été  publiée le 14 décembre 2022.

Virgile Ahouansè n’est pas le premier à publier des informations sur ces exécutions sommaires de la police républicaine béninoise. La commission béninoise des droits de l’homme notamment les a dénoncées. Les témoins dont il a relayé les propos sont cependant revenus sur leur témoignage. Deux des témoins, notamment le  gardien de l’Epp Dowa où auraient lieu les exécutions et le Chef quartier ont été aussi interpellés quelques jours après la diffusion de l’information. Gardés à vue, ils seraient tous revenus sur leur parole, à en croire l’avocat Barnabé Gbago. Le journaliste risque d’être déféré à la Criet (Cour  de Répression des Infractions Economiques et du Terrorisme).

«Nous demandons la libération immédiate du journaliste qui a fait un travail essentiel d’enquête afin de briser le silence et de mettre fin à des abus inacceptables», a déclaré à Genève le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

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18.12.2022. PEC mourns China’s first journo-deaths due to Covid-19 complications

​​​​​​​With Nava Thakuria, PEC Representative

Geneva/Guwahati, 18 December: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, mourns the death of two senior journalists, who died of Covid-19 complications in China recently. According to a media report by Reuters with the dateline of Beijing/Shanghai on 16 December 2022, Yang Lianghua (74, a former People’s Daily reporter) died on Thursday, while Zhou Zhichun (77, a former China Youth Daily editor) died a week earlier. They are the first deaths reported in China among journalists since the beginning of the pandemic three years ago.

Both the Chinese media personnel lost the corona battles in Beijing along with many who died after the Communist regime abandoned its strict corona policy on lockdowns. However, the country’s national health authority has not revealed any death due to Covid-19 aggravated ailments since the domestic epidemic control policies were abandoned on 7 December due to unprecedented public protests against President Xi Jinping.
Concerns are expressed as Lunar New Year holidays are starting on 22 January when rural areas would be
inundated by travelers, otherwise those villages and towns were not exposed to the virus in the last three years.

Until March 2022, at least 2000 media workers or former journalists died with Covid-19 in 95 countries around the world, said Blaise Lempen, president of Geneva-based PEC, adding that around one hundred other journalists have died of the novel coronavirus around the world since then. PEC started the corona-ticker in March 2020 to pay tribute to the media corona-victims.

Until March 2022, PEC recorded 30 most affected countries as Brazil (314 media corona-casualties), India (284), Peru (199), Mexico (129), Colombia (80), USA (70), Bangladesh (69), Italy (61), Venezuela (60), Ecuador (52), Argentina (50), Indonesia (43), Russia (42), Iran (35), United Kingdom (33), Dominican Republic (31), Turkey (30), Pakistan (27), Egypt, Nepal (23 each), Bolivia (21), Honduras (20), South Africa, Spain, Ukraine (19 each), Panama (17), Poland (14), France, Guatemala, Nigeria (11 each).

Those are followed by Afghanistan, Nicaragua, Zimbabwe (10 each), Algeria, Cuba, Paraguay (9 each), Philippines (8), Uruguay (7), Kazakhstan, Kenya, Romania (5 each), Morocco, Cameroon, Iraq (4 each), Albania, Azerbaïjan, Costa Rica, Portugal, Salvador, Sweden (3 each), Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Uganda (2 each).


Single journo-victim was reported from Angola, Barbados, Bosnia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kirghizstan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Thailand, Togo, Tadjikistan, Tunisia, UAE and Yemen.

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14.12.2022. PEC annual report. Ukraine and Mexico most dangerous countries in 2022 for journalists

French and Spanish after English - list of victims on CASUALTIES


Geneva, December 14, 2022 (PEC) Ukraine and Mexico were the most dangerous countries for media work this year, the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) said in its annual report published in Geneva on Wednesday. Since January, 115 media workers have been killed in 29 countries around the world.

«The number of journalists killed increased by 45% compared to last year (79 victims). It is the highest number of casualties since 2018 with a brutal deterioration in Europe due to the war in Ukraine», said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

By region, Latin America is ahead with 39 journalists killed, followed by Europe with 37 victims, then Asia 30, Africa 7 and North America 2.

Many victims in Ukraine

Europe experienced the worst deterioration in the safety of journalists since the wars in former Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1999. In Ukraine, it is very difficult to establish the exact circumstances of the deaths of journalists in the absence of an independent investigation. PEC counted 34 victims since the beginning of the Russian invasion on February 24.

At least 8 journalists were clearly killed in the line of duty, 12 others on Russian shelling attacks or other crimes and at least 14 as fighters in the Ukrainian army (source: Institute of Mass Information, Kyiv). Among the 34 victims, 8 were foreigners (Brent Renaud, Maks Levin, Pierre Zakrzewski, Frédéric Lerclerc-Imhoff, Mantas Kvedaravicius and 3 Russians : Oksana Baulina, Svetlana Babayeva and Oleg Klokov).

After Ukraine, Mexico was the most dangerous country with 17 victims, the highest annual death toll since at least the beginning of the century in this country. They were the target of criminal gangs in a climate of violence and impunity.

At the third place with 8 victims, Haiti has experienced significant deterioration due to growing insecurity.

Six deaths were recorded in Pakistan, 5 in the Philippines, 4 in Colombia and 4 in India.

Three victims were registered in the following countries : Bangladesh, Honduras, Israël/Palestine, and Yemen.

Two deaths were recorded in Brazil, Chad, Ecuador, Myanmar, Somalia, Syria, United States of America. Finally, one victim has been identified in the following countries : Central African Republic, Chile, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Paraguay, Russia, Sweden, Turkey, and Vietnam.

PEC strongly condemns these attacks and calls for those responsible for these crimes to be brought to justice as quickly as possible.

As a positive note, there was no casualties among journalists so far in Afghanistan in 2022 instead of 12 in 2021. However, many journalists were obliged to flee the country.

On average more than 2 journalists killed each week

Over the last 5 years, Mexico has recorded the greatest number of victims (69), ahead of Afghanistan (44), then India (37), Ukraine (36), Pakistan (34), Syria (24), the Philippines (21), Yemen (17), Honduras (13), Somalia (13), Brazil (12) and Haiti (11).

In ten years, from 2013 to 2022, 1135 journalists were killed, or 113 per year, 2.2 per week, according to figures from the PEC.

Press Emblem Campaign hopes that the international community will start in 2023 the work for an international convention to enhance the safety of journalists. It would be a great step forward to better fight against impunity.

The PEC lists all killed media workers, whether or not their deaths are related to their professional activity. It is indeed difficult to prove that a crime takes place connected to the work of a journalist without independent and comprehensive investigations which are often lacking.


Rapport annuel de la PEC. L'Ukraine et le Mexique pays les plus dangereux en 2022 pour les journalistes

Genève, 14 décembre 2022 (PEC) L'Ukraine et le Mexique ont été les pays les plus dangereux pour le travail des médias cette année, 
a déclaré la Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) dans son rapport annuel publié mercredi à Genève. Depuis janvier, 115 professionnels
des médias ont été tués dans 29 pays à travers le monde.
« Le nombre de journalistes tués a augmenté de 45% par rapport à l'année dernière (79 victimes). C'est le plus grand nombre de victimes
depuis 2018 avec une détérioration brutale en Europe due à la guerre en Ukraine », a déclaré le président de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.
Par région, l'Amérique latine arrive en tête avec 39 journalistes tués, devant l'Europe avec 37 victimes, puis l'Asie 30, l'Afrique 7
et l'Amérique du Nord 2.
Nombreuses victimes en Ukraine L’Europe a connu la pire dégradation de la sécurité des journalistes depuis les guerres dans l’ex-Yougoslavie entre 1992 et 1999. En Ukraine,
il est très difficile d'établir les circonstances exactes de la mort des journalistes en l'absence d'enquête indépendante. La PEC a dénombré
34 victimes depuis le début de l'invasion russe le 24 février.
Au moins 8 journalistes ont été clairement tués dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions, 12 autres dans des bombardements russes et autres attaques
et au moins 14 en tant que combattants dans l'armée ukrainienne (source : Institute of Mass Information, Kiev). Parmi les 34 victimes,
8 étaient des étrangers (Brent Renaud, Maks Levin, Pierre Zakrzewski, Frédéric Lerclerc-Imhoff, Mantas Kvedaravicius et 3 Russes :
Oksana Baulina, Svetlana Babayeva et Oleg Klokov).
Après l'Ukraine, le Mexique a été le pays le plus dangereux avec 17 victimes, le bilan annuel le plus élevé depuis au moins le début
du siècle dans ce pays. Elles ont été la cible de gangs criminels dans un climat de violence et d'impunité.
À la troisième place avec 8 victimes, Haïti a connu une détérioration importante en raison de l'insécurité croissante. Six décès ont été enregistrés au Pakistan, 5 aux Philippines, 4 en Colombie et 4 en Inde. Trois victimes ont été dénombrées dans les pays suivants : Bangladesh, Honduras, Israël/Palestine et Yémen. Deux décès ont été enregistrés au Brésil, au Tchad, en Équateur, au Myanmar, en Somalie, en Syrie, aux États-Unis d'Amérique. Enfin,
une victime a été identifiée dans les pays suivants : République centrafricaine, Chili, République démocratique du Congo, Guatemala,
Kazakhstan, Kenya, Paraguay, Russie, Suède, Turquie et Vietnam.
La PEC condamne fermement ces attaques et demande que les responsables de ces crimes soient traduits en justice aussi rapidement que possible. Point positif, il n'y a eu jusqu'à présent aucune victime parmi les journalistes en Afghanistan en 2022 au lieu de 12 en 2021. Cependant,
de nombreux journalistes ont été contraints de fuir le pays.
En moyenne plus de 2 journalistes tués chaque semaine Au cours des 5 dernières années, le Mexique a enregistré le plus grand nombre de victimes (69), devant l'Afghanistan (44), puis l'Inde (37),
l'Ukraine (36), le Pakistan (34), la Syrie (24), les Philippines (21 ), le Yémen (17), le Honduras (13), la Somalie (13), le Brésil (12) et Haïti (11).
En dix ans, de 2013 à 2022, 1135 journalistes ont été tués, soit 113 par an, 2,2 par semaine, selon les chiffres de la PEC. La PEC espère que la communauté internationale entamera en 2023 les travaux pour une convention internationale visant à renforcer la sécurité
des journalistes. Ce serait un grand pas en avant dans la lutte contre l'impunité.
Le PEC répertorie tous les travailleurs des médias tués, que leur décès soit lié ou non à leur activité professionnelle. Il est en effet difficile
de prouver qu'un crime est commis en rapport avec le travail d'un journaliste sans enquête indépendante et complète qui fait souvent défaut.
Informe anual de la PEC. Ucrania y México, los países más peligrosos para los periodistas en 2022 Ginebra, 14 de diciembre de 2022 (PEC).- Ucrania y México fueron los países más peligrosos para el trabajo de los medios de comunicación
este año, dijo la Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés) en su informe anual publicado en Ginebra este miércoles.
Desde enero, 115 trabajadores de los medios han sido asesinados en 29 países de todo el mundo.
El número de periodistas asesinados aumentó en un 45 % con respecto al año pasado (79 víctimas). Este es el número más alto de bajas
desde 2018 con un deterioro brutal en Europa debido a la guerra en Ucrania”, dijo el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.
Por regiones, América Latina está a la cabeza con 39 periodistas asesinados, seguida de Europa con 37 víctimas, luego Asia 30, África 7 y
América del Norte 2.
Muchas víctimas en Ucrania Europa experimentó el peor deterioro de la seguridad de los periodistas desde las guerras en la ex Yugoslavia de 1992 a 1999. En Ucrania
es muy difícil establecer las circunstancias exactas de las muertes de los periodistas en ausencia de una investigación independiente. La PEC
contabilizó 34 víctimas desde el comienzo de la invasión rusa, el 24 de febrero pasado.
Al menos 8 periodistas murieron claramente en el cumplimiento de su deber, otros 12 en ataques de bombardeos rusos y otros delitos y
al menos 14 como combatientes en el ejército ucraniano (fuente: Institute of Mass Information, Kyiv). Entre las 34 víctimas, 8 eran extranjeros
(Brent Renaud, Maks Levin, Pierre Zakrzewski, Frédéric Lerclerc-Imhoff, Mantas Kvedaravicius y 3 rusos: Oksana Baulina, Svetlana
Babayeva y Oleg Klokov).
Después de Ucrania, México fue el país más peligroso con 17 víctimas, la mayor cifra anual de muertos desde al menos principios de siglo
en este país. Eran blanco de bandas criminales en un clima de violencia e impunidad.
En el tercer lugar, con 8 víctimas, Haití ha experimentado un deterioro significativo debido a la creciente inseguridad. Se registraron seis muertes en Pakistán, 5 en Filipinas, 4 en Colombia y 4 en India. Se registraron tres víctimas en los siguientes países:
Bangladesh, Honduras, Israel/Palestina y Yemen.
Se registraron dos muertes en Brasil, Chad, Ecuador, Myanmar, Siria, Somalia, Estados Unidos de América. Finalmente, se ha identificado
una víctima en los siguientes países: República Centroafricana, Chile, República Democrática del Congo, Guatemala, Kazajstán, Kenia,
Paraguay, Rusia, Suecia, Turquía y Vietnam.
La PEC condena enérgicamente estos ataques y pide que los responsables de estos crímenes sean llevados ante la justicia lo mas rápido posible. Como nota positiva, hasta ahora no ha habido víctimas entre los periodistas en Afganistán en 2022, país que tuvo el lugar de 12 en el 2021.
Sin embargo, muchos periodistas se vieron obligados a huir del país.
En promedio más de 2 periodistas asesinados cada semana En los últimos 5 años, México ha registrado el mayor número de víctimas (69), por delante de Afganistán (44), luego India (37), Ucrania (36),
Pakistán (34), Siria (24), Filipinas (21 ), Yemen (17), Honduras (13), Somalia (13), Brasil (12) y Haití (11).
En diez años, de 2013 a 2022, 1,135 periodistas fueron asesinados, es decir, 113 por año, 2,2 por semana, según cifras de la PEC. La Campaña Emblema de Prensa espera que la comunidad internacional comience en 2023 el trabajo para lograr una convención internacional
con el fin de mejorar la seguridad de los periodistas. Sería un gran paso adelante para luchar de una manera más eficaz en contra de la impunidad.
La PEC enumera a todos los trabajadores de los medios asesinados, estén o no relacionados con su actividad profesional. De hecho, es difícil
probar que se comete un delito relacionado con el trabajo de un periodista sin investigaciones independientes y exhaustivas que a menudo faltan.
27.11.2022. MYANMAR. PEC denounces Myanmar junta for continue jailing scribes

By Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva, 27 November 2022: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, denounces the Myanmar (Burma/Brahmadesh) junta for continue jailing scribes as Yangon-based freelance journalist Ah Hla Lay Thuzar was recently sentenced to two years in prison with hard labour by a military court. PEC maintains its demand to release all
detained and imprisoned journalists by the Min Aung Hlaing-led military regime in the southeast Asian nation.


Ms Thuzar was convicted by a court inside Insein prison on 22 November for causing fear, spreading false news and agitating crimes against a government employee under section 505 (a) of the penal code, said a report by Mizzima news. She was arrested from Yangon on 1 September last year and detained in Insein prison. Remaining in the profession for nearly 15 years, Thuzar worked for Friday Time Journal, Modern Journal, RFA News, 7 Days News Media, etc.


“We were relieved a few days back when the imprisoned Japanese journalist-filmmaker Toru Kubota along with 6,000 political prisoners were released under a mass amnesty by the military generals. But it was perhaps a trick as thousands of journalists, activists, political workers, etc are still behind the bars. Naypietaw must work sincerely to release them at the earliest,” Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.


PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that over 140 journalists have been detained since the military coup in February 2021. Over 40 local journalists and 13,000 political prisoners are living under military custody. Moreover, the generals continued harassing the media fraternity and a large number of media outlets faced the junta crackdown. Many have already closed their offices and shifted to hideouts (including neighbouring countries) for their committed operation.
17.11.2022. MYANMAR. PEC relieved with release of Japanese journalist Toru Kubota; Maintains demand to grant amnesty for thousand other prisoners

By Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, expresses happiness over the release of Japanese
journalist-filmmaker Toru Kubota along with 6,000 political prisoners in a mass amnesty. However, it maintains the demand to release all detained and imprisoned journalists by the Myanmar (Burma/Brahmadesh) military junta, led by Min Aung Hlaing, at the earliest.

The military rulers on 17 November 2022 released three other imprisoned foreigners namely Sean Turnell (an Australian citizen who was economic adviser to former State counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi), Vicky Bowman (a former British envoy) and US citizen Kyaw Htay Oo. But even today, over 40 local journalists and 13,000 political prisoners are living behind bars in the southeast Asian country.

“We had earlier expressed concern over the continued arrest and imprisonment of journalists and human rights defenders in Myanmar following the junta’s notorious electronic transactions law. No less than 140 journalists were arrested since military coup in February 2021. The military generals even continue harassing the media persons, who dare to make critical comment against the regime in Naypietaw. By now, a good number of media outlets close their offices and shifted to hideouts for their operation,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

PEC’s south & southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that Japanese media personality Toru Kubota was arrested on 30 July from Yangon and faced 10 years of imprisonment from a military court on 6 October. Toru covered a protest demonstration against the brutal military rulers for international media outlets and he was accused of spreading false information about the Rohingya people. He was made guilty of inciting violence under the new electronic law of Myanmar
military dictators.


01.11.2022. International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists : more needs to be done

en français après l'anglais

Geneva, November 1rst (PEC) More needs to be done to fight impunity on the ground, said the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) to mark the 2022 International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists on 2 November. Slow progress are made, but still very insufficient. PEC appeals to launch the work for an international convention.

Recently, five years after the killing of Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017 in Malta, two brothers were sentenced to 40 years in prison on 14 October, Justice is very slow but better than nothing.

In Mexico, three persons were condemned on 28 October for the murder of journalist Lourdes Maldonado killed on 23 January 2021.

Despite these rare examples, impunity is prevailing in most crimes. The masterminds of the crime are not prosecuted. According to a recent UNESCO report, 86% of the crimes against journalists remained unpunished. In 10 years the drop is only 9%.

UNESCO reported an upward trend of resolved cases worldwide from 11% in 2018 to 14% in 2022.

2022 will be a particularly deadly year for journalists with already 107 media workers killed (see our list of casualties : https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml )

It is an increase of 57% in 10 months compared to last year. Ukraine, Mexico, Pakistan, Haiti are so far the most dangerous countries for journalists this year.

It iy very important that the killings in Ukraine don’t go unpunished and that the circumstances of those crimes are investigated independently.

PEC is calling again on governments to support the adoption of a UN Convention on the safety of journalists and other media professionals. Despite 13 resolutions on the safety of journalists adopted at the United Nations and the adoption of the United Nations Plan of Action on the Safety of journalists and impunity which commemorates its 10th anniversary, journalists continue to be attacked for doing their job. It is urgent to adopt a binding instrument that would force governments to address impunity for violence targeting journalists and media personnel, investigate and prosecute those responsible.

In this regard, PEC welcomes the global campaign for the adoption of an International Convention dedicated to the protection of journalists and media professionals, formally launched by the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) at the 51st session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on 30 September 2022.

The Convention highlights existing weaknesses and loopholes in international humanitarian and human rights law and the lack of effective enforcement mechanisms. Over 60 journalists and media unions, associations, media representative bodies, media organisations and NGOs across the world have already backed the convention.

PEC calls upon the European Union to take the lead in the process of the adoption of the Convention. EU must show its commitment to press freedom and freedom of expression not just with words but with deeds.

Communiqué de presse de la PEC - Journée internationale pour mettre fin à l'impunité des crimes contre les journalistes : il faut en faire plus

Genève, le 1er novembre (PEC) Il faut en faire plus pour combattre l'impunité sur le terrain, a déclaré la Campagne Emblème de Presse (PEC) à l'occasion de la Journée internationale pour mettre fin à l'impunité des crimes contre les journalistes, le 2 novembre 2022. Des progrès lents sont réalisés, mais encore très insuffisants. La PEC lance un appel à commencer le travail pour une convention internationale.

Récemment, cinq ans après le meurtre de Daphne Caruana Galizia en octobre 2017 à Malte, deux frères ont été condamnés à 40 ans de prison le 14 octobre, La justice est très lente mais c'est mieux que rien.

Au Mexique, trois personnes ont été condamnées le 28 octobre pour le meurtre de la journaliste Lourdes Maldonado tuée le 23 janvier 2021.

Malgré ces rares exemples, l'impunité prévaut dans la plupart des crimes. Les cerveaux du crime ne sont pas poursuivis. Selon un récent rapport de l'UNESCO, 86% des crimes contre les journalistes sont restés impunis. En 10 ans, la baisse n'est que de 9%. L'UNESCO a signalé une tendance à la hausse des cas résolus dans le monde, passant de 11% en 2018 à 14% en 2022.

2022 sera une année particulièrement meurtrière pour les journalistes avec déjà 107 professionnels des médias tués (voir notre liste des victimes : https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml ). C'est une augmentation de 57% en 10 mois par rapport à l'année dernière. L'Ukraine, le Mexique, le Pakistan et Haïti sont jusqu'à présent les pays les plus dangereux pour les journalistes cette année.

Il est très important que les meurtres en Ukraine ne restent pas impunis et que les circonstances de ces crimes fassent l'objet d'une enquête indépendante.

La PEC appelle à nouveau les gouvernements à soutenir l'adoption d'une Convention des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et autres professionnels des médias. Malgré l'adoption de 13 résolutions sur la sécurité des journalistes aux Nations Unies et l'adoption du Plan d'action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et l'impunité qui commémore son 10ème anniversaire, les journalistes continuent d'être attaqués pour avoir fait leur travail. Il est urgent d'adopter un instrument contraignant qui obligerait les gouvernements à s'attaquer à l'impunité pour les violences visant les journalistes et le personnel des médias, à enquêter et à poursuivre les responsables.

À cet égard, PEC salue la campagne mondiale pour l'adoption d'une Convention internationale dédiée à la protection des journalistes et des professionnels des médias, officiellement lancée par la Fédération internationale des journalistes (FIJ) lors de la 51e session du Conseil des droits de l'homme de l'ONU à Genève le 30 septembre 2022.

La Convention met en évidence les faiblesses et les lacunes existantes dans le droit international humanitaire et des droits de l'homme, ainsi que l'absence de mécanismes d'application efficaces. Plus de 60 syndicats de journalistes et de médias, associations, organes représentatifs des médias, organisations de médias et ONG à travers le monde ont déjà soutenu la convention.

Le PEC appelle l'Union européenne à prendre la tête du processus d'adoption de la convention. L'UE doit montrer son engagement en faveur de la liberté de la presse et de la liberté d'expression non seulement en paroles mais aussi en actes.

28.10.2022. IRAN. Iranian authorities must immediately release all journalists arrested because of their coverage of Mahsa Amini’s death and the protests that have followed. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) demands the immediate release of these journalists and the immediate lifting of all restrictions on Iranians’ right to be informed.

Report by Iran Human Rights Monitor

The Islamic Republic of Iran is carrying out a dark criminal project by detaining journalists and cutting off the internet. The summons and detentions of journalists in Iran started from the beginning of the nationwide protests on September 16, 2022, in protest to the murder of Mahsa Amini and has continued. Based on the received news and news collected from other news and personal accounts of lawyers and families, at least 20 journalists and media outlets have been summoned or arrested. Some of these people were first summoned under the pretext of asking a few questions, but then they were taken to prison. Some are in prison now, and some are missing.

Among the arrested journalists, we can mention Nilofar Hamidi, reporter of Sharq newspaper. She is the one who appeared in Kasri Hospital in Tehran for the first time and published the picture of Mahsa Amini in coma. The news that became a spark for the start of nationwide protests in Iran. She was subsequently detained and has been arrested for 37days.

Also, Yalda Meiri is the same photographer who showed the image of a girl in the middle of smoke and fire during the protests of 2016, an image that became one of the symbols of the protests of December 2016, and later the president of the United States, Donald Trump, tweeted about it in Persian. Elaheh Mohammadi, the reporter of HamMihan newspaper, was arrested by intelligence agents on September 29, 2022. Elaha Mohammadi is a journalist who went to Saqqez city and gave coverage to Mahsa Amini's funeral, which was published in Ham Mihan newspaper.

Also, after the arrest of Ahwazi journalist Mehrnoosh Tafian, there is no news about his whereabouts.

Names and details of journalists summoned or arrested during the nationwide uprising in Iran

1- Nilofar Hamedi, journalist of Sharq newspaper, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 22 September

2- Yalda Moiri, journalist, place of arrest: Hijab Street, Tehran, date of arrest: 20 September - she was then transferred to Qarchak Varamin prison.

3- Marzieh Talai, journalist and media activist at Mokarian News Agency, place of arrest: Saqqez, date of arrest: 20 September (arrested along with Ali Khatib while walking in one of the streets of Saqqez after seizing their mobile phone)

4- Ali Khatibzadeh, journalist and media activist at Mokrian News Agency, place of arrest: Saqqez, date of arrest: 20 September - arrested along with Marzieh Talai.

5- Khosro Kordpour, senior manager of the Mokrian news website, place of arrest: Saqez, date of arrest: 20 September

6- Masoud Kordpour, senior manager of the Mokarian news website, place of arrest: Saqez, date of arrest: 21 September Twitter: @IranHrm - Website: https://iran-hrm.com

7- Batool Blaai, journalist, place of arrest: Sirjan, date of arrest: 21 September (arrested together with Samira Alinejad. These two journalists were summoned by the police forces in one of the protest gatherings in Sirjan for some explanations. Upon arrival to one of police centers in Sirjan, they were arrested and transferred to the prison of this city

8- Samira Alinejad, place of arrest: Sirjan, date of arrest: 21 September (together with Batool Balai)

9- Fatemeh Rajabi, journalist and women's rights activist, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 23 September

10- Elahe Mohammadi, the reporter of Ham Mihan newspaper, her lawyer announced in a tweet that this journalist, who had prepared a report on Mehsa Amini, was arrested in Tehran on September 29, after being summoned by phone

11- Mojtaba Rahimi, journalist, place of arrest: at his home in Qazvin, date of arrest: 22 September, he had informed about the presence of protesters in the streets

12- Alireza Khoshbat, journalist, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 22 September

13- Rohollah Nakhai, media activist and journalist, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 22 September

14- Vida Rabbani, journalist, place of arrest: Piranshahr, date of arrest: October 1, 2022

15- Elnaz Mohammadi, a journalist, was arrested along with Elaha Mohammadi

16- Hamid Shafiei, date of arrest: 23 September 2022

17- Ahmad Halabi Saz, photographer and journalist, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 22 September, he was then transferred to Evin 18- Mehrnoosh Tafian - journalist and civil activist, place of arrest: Ahvaz, date of arrest: 27 September

19- Farshid Gurbanpour, literary journalist and manager of Soren Book virtual bookstore, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 25 September

20- Alireza Jabari Darestani, journalist and activist, place of arrest: Tehran, date of arrest: 23 September 2022

25.10.2022. PAKISTAN/KENYA. PEC demands probe into murder of Pak journalist in Nairobi

With Nava Thakuria PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva, Switzerland: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condemned the murder of Pakistani journalist Arshad Sharif (50) in Nairobi, who becomes the 102nd media victims so far in 2022 and urged the Kenya government to fairly probe into the incident that led to his demise. The broadcast journalist in exile, who was critical to the Pak military agencies, was shot dead by armed personnel on Sunday night, stated his wife Javeria Siddique.

A former reporter with ARY TV Arshad fled to Kenya in August following troubles in his country. A Karachi-born Arshad started his journalistic career three decades back and emerged as a popular media personality with his investigative reports. A master’s degree holder in media studies, Arshad also worked with Aaj News, Dunya TV, Dawn News, etc. Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists along with a large number of media workers condoled his untimely demise.

“We demand a transparent judicial investigation into Arshad’s killing and urge Kenyan President William Ruto to punish the culprits, involved with his murder, under the relevant laws,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC, adding that the brave journalist had to leave Pakistan following sedition charges were framed against him following an interview with an opposition politician.

Pakistan earlier lost journalists Muhammad Younis, Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen to assailants this year, said PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria adding that India witnessed the murder of journalists Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato since 1 January. Journalists namely Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari were killed in Bangladesh and Myanmar witnessed the death of photojournalist Aye Kyaw and journalist Pu Tui Dim in military atrocities.


12.10.2022. MYANMAR. PEC condemns continued harassment to scribes in Myanmar

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) condemns the continued arrest and imprisonment of journalists in Myanmar, and urges the military authority to release all media persons detained, arrested or imprisoned in fake cases across the southeast Asian nation. The global media safety and rights body also demanded the Burmese military rulers to withdraw the notorious electronic transactions law, under which a large number of scribes and human rights activists have been punished since the military coup in February 2021.

Media reports from Yangon, the former capital of Myanmar reveal that the military junta controlled judicial machinery imprisoned outspoken political columnist U Sithu Aung Myint for three years with hard labour on 5 October 2022. The veteran journalist, who worked for SkyNet, Frontier Myanmar, Voice of America’s Burmese service, etc was arrested from Yangon on 15 August
last year. Ma Htet Htet Khine, another Burmese journalist arrested along with Sithu Aung Myint, was already sentenced to six years in prison on 15 September.


Meanwhile, a Japanese video journalist Toru Kubota, who was arrested on 30 July from Yangon, faces a 10 years sentence term from the court on 6 October. Toru Kubota, who covered a protest demonstration against the brutal military rulers for various international media outlets like BBC, Al-Jazeera, Vice Japan, etc was accused of spreading false information about the Rohingya people. The Japanese scribe was made guilty under the new electronic law of Myanmar and also incitement.


“It’s shocking that more than 140 journalists have been arrested by the junta forces in Myanmar since last year’s coup and over 55 of them are still under military custody. Along with the censorship, military generals continued harassment and physical attacks on journalists, who dared to report critically against the regime in Naypietaw. A number of media outlets have closed their offices inside Myanmar and shifted to hideouts for relentless operation,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.


PEC’s southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria added that the military dictators had recently opened a number of cases against the Rakhine media outlets like Narinjara News Agency, Development Media Group, Western News, etc. Narinjara editor U Khaing Myat Kyaw stated that it has become usual to target the media fraternity in Myanmar as the junta finds it difficult to face critical media columns. Days back, the military personnel raided the Narinjara office in Sittwe and it remains closed till date. However the outlet continues uploading news items both in English and Burmese language from hideouts.


07.10.2022. UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL.  PEC welcomes the nomination by the Human Rights Council of a special rapporteur on Russia

Geneva, 7 October (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) welcomes the nomination by the Human Rights Council of a Special rapporteur on Russia. The resolution presented by the European Union has been adopted today in Geneva by 17 votes in favour, 6 against (Russia, China, Cuba, Eritrea, Kazakhstan, Venezuela) and 24 abstentions at the end of the 51rst session.

«This international support, despite the large number of abstentions among African and Latin American countries, shows that Russia cannot escape the scrutiny of the international community. An independent monitoring of the situation in Russia is imperative due to the rapidly deteriorating human rights situation in the country. It will be important for the civil society in Russia to have a focal point at the United Nations», said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

«Permanent Members of the Security Council of the United Nations are not above the law. The veto power in the Council in New York does not allow them to arbitrarily arrest opponents, close down independent media and commit war crimes», he added.

The resolution adopted expresses in particular its concern «at the mass forced shutdowns of civil society organizations, including the International Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and the Centre for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North, and independent media outlets, including radio channels, television channels, online media and newspapers, including Novaya Gazeta, Echo of Moscow and the television channel Dozhd, the bans of foreign media and the targeted revocation of registration of foreign organizations by the Russian authorities, and also at the limited access of Russian civil society to information and communications infrastructure and the increase in censorship and disinformation».

Russia’s latest crackdown on independent journalists is another step to silence dissenting voices on the war in Ukraine. According to various sources, at least 27 journalists were arrested since President Vladimir Putin announced a “partial mobilization” of military reservists on Wednesday, September 21.

New resolution on the safety of journalists and UN Convention

PEC also welcomes a new resolution on the safety of journalists adopted by consensus at the HRC. This resolution is the 13th of the United Nations on the safety of journalists and the 6th at the HRC since 2012. “It is an important testimony of the awareness of the problem at the diplomatic level the last ten years", said PEC President. "The new one is very comprehensive and contains a detailed catalogue of measures which, if implemented, would improve the situation of media workers. We can only urge States to implement them", he added.

Words are not enough, actions are needed. To better fight impunity, there is a need of an international binding instrument. In this respect, PEC supports the new campaign for an international Convention dedicated to the safety of journalists launched at a side event at the 51st session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on 30 September by the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ). Read more on : https://www.ifj.org/media-centre/news/detail/category/press-releases/article/un-ifj-leads-call-for-action-to-fight-impunity.html

A record number of journalists have been killed this year, 97 until the end of September (79 for the whole year of 2021) see our list of casualties on: https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml

The PEC hopes that the 10th anniversary of the UN Plan of action in November 2022 will be an opportunity to strengthen the fight against ever-growing threats to freedom of expression, at at time where many of ou colleagues are taking risks to cover the war between Russia and Ukraine.

Next on our agenda : International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists 2 November


- Protecting media to protect democracy, high-level conference, Vienna, 3-4 November : 10tth anniversary of the UN Plan of Action on the safety of journalists

- Annual PEC award for the Protection of Journalists. Geneva, mid-November

- PEC Annual report on Journalists killed in 2022, Geneva, mid-December



La PEC salue la nomination par le Conseil des droits de l'homme d'un rapporteur spécial sur la Russie

Genève, 7 octobre (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) se félicite de la nomination par le Conseil des droits de l'homme d'un


rapporteur spécial sur la Russie. La résolution présentée par l'Union européenne a été adoptée vendredi à Genève par 17 voix


pour, 6 contre (Russie, Chine, Cuba, Erythrée, Kazakhstan, Venezuela) et 24 abstentions à l'issue de la 51ème session.

"Ce soutien international, malgré le grand nombre d'abstentions parmi les pays d'Afrique et d'Amérique latine, montre que la


Russie ne peut échapper à l’examen de la communauté internationale. Un suivi indépendant de la situation en Russie est impératif


en raison de la détérioration rapide de la situation des droits de l'homme dans le pays. Il sera important pour la société civile russe


d'avoir un point de contact aux Nations Unies", a déclaré Blaise Lempen, président de la PEC.

"Les membres permanents du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies ne sont pas au-dessus des lois. Le droit de veto au Conseil à


New York ne leur permet pas d'arrêter arbitrairement des opposants, de fermer des médias indépendants et de commettre des


crimes de guerre", a-t-il ajouté.


La résolution adoptée exprime notamment sa préoccupation "face aux fermetures massives et forcées d'organisations de la


société civile, dont le Centre international des droits de l'homme "Memorial" et le Centre de soutien aux peuples indigènes du


Nord, et de médias indépendants, dont des chaînes de radio, des chaînes de télévision, des médias en ligne et des journaux,


notamment Novaya Gazeta, Echo of Moscow et la chaîne de télévision Dozhd, les interdictions de médias étrangers et la


révocation ciblée de l'enregistrement d'organisations étrangères par les autorités russes, ainsi que l'accès limité de la société civile


russe aux infrastructures d'information et de communication et l'augmentation de la censure et de la désinformation".

Les dernières mesures de répression prises par la Russie à l'encontre des journalistes indépendants constituent une nouvelle


étape pour faire taire les voix dissidentes sur la guerre en Ukraine. Selon diverses sources, au moins 27 journalistes ont été


arrêtés depuis que le président Vladimir Poutine a annoncé une "mobilisation partielle" des réservistes militaires le mercredi 21


septembre.

Nouvelle résolution sur la sécurité des journalistes et Convention de l'ONU

La PEC salue également une nouvelle résolution sur la sécurité des journalistes adoptée par consensus au Conseil des droits de


l’Homme (CDH). Cette résolution est la 13ème des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et la 6ème au CDH depuis 2012.


"C'est un témoignage important de la prise de conscience du problème au niveau diplomatique ces dix dernières années", a


déclaré le président de la PEC. "La nouvelle résolution est très complète et contient un catalogue détaillé de mesures qui, si elles


étaient appliquées, amélioreraient la situation des travailleurs des médias. Nous ne pouvons qu'exhorter les États à les mettre en


œuvre", a-t-il ajouté.

Les mots ne suffisent pas, des actions sont nécessaires. Pour mieux combattre l'impunité, il est nécessaire de disposer d'un


instrument international contraignant. A cet égard, la PEC soutient la nouvelle campagne pour une Convention internationale


dédiée à la sécurité des journalistes, lancée lors d'un événement parallèle à la 51ème session du Conseil des droits de l'homme


de l'ONU à Genève le 30 septembre par la Fédération internationale des journalistes (FIJ). Plus d'informations sur :


https://www.ifj.org/media-centre/news/detail/category/press-releases/article/un-ifj-leads-call-for-action-to-fight-impunity.html


Un nombre record de journalistes ont été tués cette année, 97 jusqu'à la fin du mois de septembre (79 pour l'ensemble de l'année


2021) ; voir notre liste de victimes sur : https://pressemblem.ch/casualties.shtml.



La PEC espère que le 10ème anniversaire du Plan d'action de l'ONU en novembre 2022 sera l'occasion de renforcer la lutte


contre les menaces croissantes pour la liberté d'expression, à l'heure où beaucoup de nos collègues prennent des risques pour


couvrir la guerre entre la Russie et l'Ukraine.

Prochainement à notre agenda :


- Journée internationale de la fin de l'impunité pour les crimes contre les journalistes, le 2 novembre.

- Protéger les médias pour protéger la démocratie, conférence de haut niveau, Vienne, 3-4 novembre : 10e anniversaire du plan d'action des Nations unies pour la sécurité des journalistes.

- Prix annuel PEC pour la protection des journalistes, Genève, mi-novembre

- Rapport annuel de la PEC sur les journalistes tués en 2022, Genève, mi-décembre.




06.10.2022. UKRAINE. 8th report on the State  of Media in Ukraine during the War (July-September 2022) - Reducing the death of journalists in Ukraine and Debate on a new media law

by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC Representative in Ukraine


Lviv (Ukraine), 06 October 2022. 

  1. The safety of the work of journalists in Ukraine has increased


Despite the fact that the war in Ukraine continues, the number of deaths of journalists has changed little over the past three months. If in the first four months after the full-scale invasion in Ukraine, 33 media figures died, then over the past three months, The Institute of Mass Information recorded 7 deaths (that is, a total of 40 deaths in March-September 2022).


The death rate of journalists has declined due to a number of factors. 


First, active hostilities have been localized in the east and south of Ukraine, where the Ukrainian army can restrict the access of journalists. 


Secondly, the Ukrainian military closes access to the front line completely during the most intense battles. 


Thirdly, the Ukrainian army worked out the accreditation scheme and the process of escorting journalists in the combat zone. 


An important factor is a fact that interest in the events in Ukraine in the world has subsided, and in general, there are far fewer journalists working in Ukraine today than in the first months of the war.


Finally, humanitarian organizations were able to provide all journalists with personal protective equipment (body armor and helmets, first aid kits) and train hundreds of journalists in first aid.


  1. Ukraine Debates New Media Law


Ukraine’s new media law has been years in the making and should see the light by late autumn. The new law is one of seven conditions laid down by Brussels for fast-track EU-candidate status. 


The legislation has encountered stiff criticism from Ukrainian journalists and the international media community. The European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) argued that the draft amounted to “forced regulation” in the hands of a regulator “controlled by the authorities”. Ukraine’s journalists’ union agreed that the law would limit freedom of speech. 


On August 30, Ukrainian deputies adopted the media law in the first reading. There are still debates and amendments to the law ahead, which can make it more compromising and acceptable to the media community.


  1. Large Ukrainian media holding ceased to exist

In July, Rinat Akhmetov, Ukraine’s wealthiest businessman, announced he had relinquished the control of his Media Group Ukraine (MGU), leading to the dismissal of around 4,000 people.


Thousands of media employees will find themselves without a job in a market that is already suffering due to war and lack of funds. The advertising market of Ukraine decreased by 70 per cent after the escalation of the war in February, according to the official figures.


Akhmetov has not yet waived content property rights and copyrights, which could allow MGU to return, although in some other format.


  1. Investigative journalists record war crimes of Russians in Ukraine


Ukrainian and international investigative journalists are documenting more and more Russian war crimes in Ukraine. Such investigative groups as Slidstvo.info, Bihus.info, Schemes, investigation department of the Ukrainian Pravda do a great job of identifying war criminals and individuals or companies that evade sanctions.


Special mention should be made of Bellingcat's investigations into Ukraine, as well as the NYT and Washington Post teams that closely monitor events in Ukraine.


Special mention should be made of Bellingcat's investigations into Ukraine, as well as the NYT and Washington Post teams that closely monitor events in Ukraine.


As well as an Ukraine Justice Report project by the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (disclosure: the author of the report also collaborates with this Institute, but works on a different project) and a war crimes tracker by the Associated Press and PBS' Frontline.


The work of journalists is of great importance for documenting war crimes and for the subsequent punishment of the perpetrators.



(Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com).

His first report was published by PEC on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5 April 2022, fourth on 11 April, fifth on 22 April, sixth on 10 May, seventh on 27 June)

27.09.2022. RUSSIA. UN Human Rights Council 51rst session. Joint Civil Society Letter to the HRC on Russia.

To Permanent Representatives of Member and Observer States of the UN Human Rights Council

Excellency,

Russian Federation: The Human Rights Council should take urgent action to address the dire human rights situation in Russia

We are writing to call on your delegation to stand with Russian human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations by supporting the resolution at the 51st session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC51) on the establishment of a Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Russia.

Over the last several years, the Russian authorities have engaged in a systematic campaign of repression of human rights and restriction of civic space including by shutting down independent media, intimidating and harassing human rights defenders and activists, banning peaceful protest, and imposing impermissible restrictions on the operations of independent civil society organizations in the country, including those that seek justice and effective remedies for human rights violations.

Human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations targeted by the Russian authorities include those campaigning for free and fair elections, women’s human rights, and the rights of religious, ethnic, sexual, and gender minorities, as well as those fighting against politically motivated persecution and against corruption and environmental degradation. During the last months, the intimidation, harassment, and attacks have risen to a new level. Indeed, it has never been more difficult or dangerous for human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organisations to operate in the post-Soviet Russian Federation. Today, we stand in solidarity with a growing chorus of Russian human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations calling for the establishment of a Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Russia.

Since the adoption of the March 2022 censorship legislation criminalizing the spreading of supposed “fake news” and independent media reporting on Russia’s armed conflict with Ukraine, authorities blocked access to dozens of independent media and opened scores of criminal cases against human rights defenders, grass roots activists, prominent independent bloggers, journalists and opposition politicians, including Vladimir Kara-Murza, and over 1250 administrative cases throughout Russia. Bogus criminal cases against anti-war protesters are also being opened on various other charges, including criminal hooliganism. Over 15,000 anti-war protesters have been detained. The authorities have instrumentalized counter-extremism and counter-terrorism legislation to fabricate criminal cases against the dissenters. Scores of people, including political opposition figure Alexei Navalny, remain behind bars on politically motivated grounds.

The Russian Federation’s growing repressive policies, combined with the country’s exclusion from the Council of Europe – victims of new human rights violations committed by the Russian Federation from 17 September lost protection under the European Convention on Human Rights– and its diplomatic isolation from those States which have been supportive of human rights and civil society in Russia, make it increasingly difficult for Russian human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations to engage with the international community and there is no end in sight. Without robust and genuine international support, and a monitoring mechanism, independent Russian civil society organizations will continue to be left isolated and dangerously exposed.

Given the escalating repression, restrictions on the operations of independent civil society organizations and suppression of civic space, a rigorous monitoring of the human rights situation in Russia is imperative. A dedicated Special Rapporteur mandate would independently collect information and analyse the human rights situation in Russia, allowing Human Rights Council Members to be informed by in-depth and authoritative reports and to make recommendations on how to improve the rapidly deteriorating human rights situation in the country. A Special Rapporteur could also serve as a point of contact for Russian human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations, within the UN human rights infrastructure at a time when such a role is critical. A Special Rapporteur would provide an important independent voice to speak up against deepening restrictions to human rights in Russia and on behalf of those facing intimidation, harassment, and reprisal for their activism or their human rights work.

While it is important that existing thematic Special Procedures continue to address the situation of the Russian Federation within the scope of their respective mandates, it is critical that there be a single expert that can tie the various strands together and address the situation in a holistic manner and who can more fully engage with Russian authorities, as well as with human rights defenders, activists, and civil society organizations.

We count on your delegation to show solidarity with Russian human rights defenders, activists, and independent civil society organizations by supporting a resolution establishing a Special Rapporteur mandate on the human rights situation in Russia.


19.09.2022. MALI. La PEC préoccupée par la détérioration de la liberté de la presse au Mali


Avec Hamidou El Hadji Touré, représentant de la PEC pour le Sahel


Genève, 19 septembre 2022 (PEC) La Presse Emblème Campagne (Press Emblem Campaign www.pressemblem.ch) est très préoccupée par la détérioration de la liberté de la presse au Mali. L’ONG basée à Genève demande que le sort des journalistes disparus soit éclairci et que le Conseil des droits de l’homme de l’ONU, lors de son débat sur les disparitions forcées, exhorte les autorités à respecter leurs engagements en matière de droits humains et à garantir la sécurité des journalistes.


La liberté d’expression est compromise par des menaces anonymes et des emprisonnements sans procès. «Soit on se tait, soit on fait la propagande des militaires et on s’aligne, soit on quitte le pays», résume un observateur ayant requis l’anonymat. Depuis le coup d’État ayant balayé le président légalement élu Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta le 18 août 2020, la liberté de la presse n’a cessé de se dégrader.


Multiples enlèvements


Les responsables des organisations de journalistes sont plus qu’inquiets et multiplient les appels. Ils ont vivement dénoncé les enlèvements de journalistes au centre et au nord du pays, notamment Olivier Dubois, Amadou Dicko et Hamadou Nialibouly. Le dossier n’avance toujours pas sur le cas de Birama Touré, disparu à Bamako le 29 janvier 2016. Selon une enquête de RSF, il est très probablement mort sous la torture dans les locaux des services de renseignement en 2016.


Le journaliste français Olivier Dubois a été enlevé à Gao le 8 avril 2021 et est l’otage du Groupe de soutien à l’islam et aux musulmans (GSIM). Né en 1974 à Paris, correspondant pour Le Point et Libération, c’est un spécialiste du Sahel qui vit au Mali depuis 2015.


Hamadoun Nialibouly, journaliste malien travaillant pour la radio Dande Douentza (la Voix de Douentza) a été descendu d’un car le 27 septembre 2020 à Mandjo, dans la région de Mopti, alors qu’il rentrait de Bamako après y avoir suivi un atelier de formation de journalistes dans le cadre du projet Mali Media. Ses ravisseurs ne seraient pas des djihadistes mais une milice de chasseurs traditionnels. Il est retenu depuis près de deux ans et l’on reste sans aucune nouvelle de son sort. Les enquêtes de police n’ont pas permis de retrouver les ravisseurs.


Moussa M’Bana Dicko, journaliste malien chef des programmes de la radio Dande Haire (La Voix de Hairé) a été enlevé chez lui à Boni (secteur de Douentza) le 18 avril 2021 par des présumés djihadistes. Ils ont expliqué à sa famille qu’il aurait tenu des propos critiques à leur encontre. Deouis son enlèvement seul un ex-codétenu a donné de ses nouvelles il y a plus de trois mois.


Recrudescence de la violence


Selon l’Expert indépendant sur le Mali, Alioune Tine, le pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest subit une grave recrudescence de la violence, perpétrée à la fois par les soldats djihadistes affiliés à Al-Qaïda et à l'État Islamique (EI), ainsi que les groupes communautaires et les forces maliennes. Les populations civiles sont les premières touchées, avec de nombreuses disparitions forcées et des allégations de torture. Un rapport de la mission de l'ONU au Mali (MINUSMA) avait déjà confirmé l'assassinat de 584 civils en 2021, un chiffre qui pourrait augmenter en 2022. « Le grand problème aujourd’hui, c’est l’impunité », affirme l’expert indépendant, qui soulignait, le 29 mars devant le Conseil des droits de l’homme, le manque d’enquêtes, la lenteur des procédures judiciaires et l’absence de juges d’instruction.


Le Mali, comme tout le Sahel, est devenu un pays encore plus dangereux après le départ des derniers soldats français de l’opération Barkhane le 15 août dernier. Deux reporters de RFI Ghislaine Dupont et Claude Verlon y ont été assassinés en 2013. Les journalistes espagnols Roberto Fraile et David Beriain, ont été tués lors d'une attaque au Burkina Faso le 26 avril 2021.


Les autorités maliennes se sont depuis tournées vers la Russie pour le soutien militaire, avec des instructeurs que Paris et Washington accusent d’être des mercenaires du groupe Wagner. Le président de la Maison de la presse au Mali place néanmoins toute sa confiance en la justice malienne et invite les autorités à œuvrer pour retrouver et libérer les journalistes détenus.


18.09.2022. MYANMAR. PEC demands fair trial to Burmese journalists

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, has expressed its concern over the relentless arrest and
imprisonment of working journalists in Myanmar since last year’s
military coup and urged the authorities for ensuring fair trials to
all the detained journalists.

Media reports from Yangon, the former capital of the southeast Asian
nation, reveal that a freelance news presenter for BBC Burmese was
imprisoned on 15 September  for three years with hard labour by a
military court in Insein prison. Htet Htet Khine was arrested on 15 August last year and
she remains behind bars for over a year in the notorious jail of
Yangon.

The popular journalist presented a Burmese language program named
‘Khan Sar Kyi’ for the British broadcaster where she narrated stories
of many Burmese political and social leaders in the backdrop of
impending civil war in the poverty stricken country. She was accused
of using provocative words against the military junta while working
for many unlawful organisations.

“Since the coup on 1 February 2021, the military dictators have forced
many media outlets to shut down their offices inside Myanmar. Nearly
145 journalists have been arrested till now and one third of them are
still under detention. We demand an unconditional release of all
journalists by the military authority,” said Blaise Lempen, president
of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch).

As Myanmar is facing a civil war like situation where the soldiers
were attacking the pro-democracy activists belonging to different
organisations and a few resistant groups have taken arms in hands to
target the military personnel along with their relatives and
well-wishers, the journalists have been facing a difficult situation.
PEC’s southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that the
media workers can be arrested for any piece that the  generals do not
like.
28.08.2022. PAKISTAN. Another Pakistan journalist shot dead in Shorkot

With Nava Thakuria PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: One more journalist of Pakistan named Muhammad Younis was shot dead by unidentified assailants on 27  August 2022 in Jhang district of Punjab province. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body expresses serious concern on the relentless murder of jourbalists in the south-Asian nation and deamnded stringent
actions against the culprits so that it can work as deterrant.


It may be mentioned that  Younis, who was  associated with Urdu language daily newspaper Express, was targeted by two gunmen while he was riding his two-wheeler. The president of Shorkot Press Club died on the spot, while the attackers fled away from the location. Local journalists have urged Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif to take immediate action and ensure the rule of law across the country.


“As many as 86 journalists have been killed globally so far in 2022. Ukraine and Mexico are leading in numbers of journo-victims where as Asian nation Pakistan also continues losing scribes to assailants. Already emerged as a dangerous country for working journalists, Pakistan earlier witnessed the killing of Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen since 1 Januray this year,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.
PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Pakistan’s southern neighbour India also lost four jourbalsts namely Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato to assailants till date this year. Three journalists namely Hashibur Rahaman Rubel, Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari have been killed in India’s eastern neighbour Bangladesh since 1 January 2022. Myanmar witnessed the death of a photographer (Aye Kyaw) while in military custody during the same period.



25.08.2022. AFGHANISTAN. AFJC Records 245 Cases of Media Violation During the First Year of Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

(Kabul) - Afghanistan Journalists Center (AFJC) issued its report about the state of media freedom in Afghanistan during the first year of Taliban rule, which has noticed a significant increase in cases of violation of media freedom and the closure of almost half of media outlets in the country.

The report finds a deterioration in press freedom over the past year, marked by censorship, detentions, assaults, and restrictions on media outlets, journalists, and in particular women journalists.

The report which covers one year of Taliban’s rule (August 15, 2021, to August 15, 2022), underlines that a total of 245 cases of violations against media freedom in Afghanistan, including 130 cases of short-term detention of journalists, which lasted from one hour to several hours and even some months that often included physical violence, insults and even torture of journalists. Additionally, during this period, at least 80 cases of threats, 28 cases of physical harassment mostly by the Taliban security forces, and five cases of injuries by the Taliban were documented.

Meanwhile, AFJC recorded two cases of killings, including the death of Alireza Ahmadi a reporter for Raha News Agency, and Najma Sadeqi a former presenter of Jahan-e-Sehat TV channel in the deadly explosion at Kabul Airport, who were trying to flee the country following fall of Kabul in mid-August 2021.

The report indicates that over half of 600 media outlets, including radio and television, print and online, have ceased operations and over 60% of journalists and media employees have not been able to work after the Taliban took power. The findings suggest that over 30% of the remaining media outlets are on the verge of collapse for certain reasons which include a significant decrease in the media funds, absence of media professionals, lack of rights and business advertisements, and the increasing restrictions imposed on media. The restrictive directives have opened the way to censorship and persecution, and largely deprive journalists of their independence. Female journalists are largely banned from state-run media outlets, and those in the private sector can appear on TV only if their faces are covered.

Media outlets require to seek permission before publishing. With media no longer able to broadcast music and entertainment programs, sources of advertising revenue have shrunk and many outlets ceased work.

There are fears that the current environment of apprehension could be used to harass female journalists, many of whom have already fled the country in the wake of the Taliban’s takeover last year.

AFJC calls for press freedom to be respected in Afghanistan, as well as an end to all forms of violation of press freedoms. It calls on the Taliban to implement the Afghan media laws including mass media and access to information laws to ensure press freedom and to reinstate the joint media and government committee which was established in 2016 to address the security concerns and press freedom violations.

The AFJC calls on the international community to stand in solidarity with Afghan journalists and help ensure their safety and media freedom, given the role they play in a peaceful and democratic transition during and after the peace negotiations. AFJC also urges the international community to increase its support for Afghanistan’s media, which will help press freedom and freedom of expression to be maintained.


12.08.2022. PAKISTAN. PEC urges Pakistan military to respect media persons

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, while expressing relief over the release of senior television personality Ammad Yousaf  on 11 August 2022 by a Karachi-based civil court, urges the Pakistani military authority to maintain respect to media persons. The director (news) of popular ARY News was arrested on Wednesday over an anti-Pak army comment. The energetic television anchor was picked up by a group of armed personnel in plainclothes from his residence in the southern port city of Pakistan during night hours.

Allegations framed against Yousaf were based on a news item, telecast by ARY News, where it perpetually asked the lower level armed personnel to disobey  orders of   top military officers. Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority termed it as a matter of serious concern as the comment was seemingly aimed for mutiny in the name of political tussle between the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (led by former Pakistan premier Imran Khan).


The authority also warned ARY digital network chief Salman Iqbal along with anchors Arshad Sharif and Khawar Ghuman for the same. Media persons across the south Asian nation condemned Yousaf’s arrest and termed it as an act of victimization. They demanded an immediate intervention by Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif into the shameful act.


The government authority even prevented the transmission of ARY News. However the court directed for resumption of its transmission across the country. Blaise Lempen, president of PEC appealed to the Islamabad-based government to respect the press freedom, which was committed by PM Sharif as he took over the responsibility.


PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Pakistan continues to be a dangerous country for working journalists as it has witnessed the killing of four journalists (Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen) and a number of incidents with media intimidation till date this year. Same number of media casualties were also reported from its neighbor India as the large country lost Rohit Kumar Biswal,  Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato to assailants since 1 January.

06.08.2022. PEC demands justice to Myanmar photographer Aye Kyaw

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, demands justice to Myanmar photographer Aye Kyaw, who died in military custody recently. The pro-democracy activist used to document the anti-military protest-demonstrations, spread across the southeast Asian country (also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) after the military dictators made a coup on 1 February 2021 to grab power ousting the democratically elected Aung San Suu Kyi’s government in Naypietaw.

Aye Kyaw (48), who is second Burmese journalist to succomb to the junta atrocities this year after Pu Tui Dim, used to own a photography studio in Sagaing city, was detained by the military junta in late night hours of 30 July 2022 and later the military authority informed the family that he died on Saturday noon. Quoting the family members and friends, Radio Free Asia
(RFA) reported that the administration wanted to know if they want to get back his body, which was kept in the Sagaing city hospital morgue.


The group of well-wishers took his mortal remains and sent to his village. A senior member of Upper Myanmar Photography Association was buried on Sunday after performing necessary rituals. They guess that the senior general Min Aung Hlaing led brutal military regime was angry with Aye Kyaw as he used to post photographs taken from anti-junta demonstrations in social media, which was later forwarded by a large number of pro-democracy politicians and also uploaded in local media outlets.


“Myanmar has faced a chaotic socio-political situation, where the military rulers are targeting the activists and also the journalists.
Till date, they have arrested over 130 media persons and among them 25 Burmese journalists are still behind the bars, where some of them were already imprisoned for longer periods,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch),  adding that a Japanese journalist Toru Kobuto was also detained from Yangon and put him to face trials.


PEC’s southeast Asia representative Nava Thakuria reported that the land of golden pagodas is on the verge of a civil war, where the military personnel have killed nearly 2500 civilians in the last 18 months and rendered over 850,000 people homeless, as they fled their villages to escape the military atrocities. Shockingly, the people’s resistance forces have also eliminated thousands of  junta soldiers and their relatives during the same period, he added.


10.07.2022. BANGLADESH. Journalist found dead in Bangladesh, PEC demands authentic probe

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Journalists continue to be the victim of violence in Bangladesh as the police recovered a partially decomposed body of
Hashibur Rahaman Rubel on  7  July 2022. The young scribe went missing five days back and his body was found under a bridge on Garai river in Kumarkhali locality. Rubel was  associated with Dainik Khustiar Khabar and Amader Notun Samay, both are Bengali newspapers, and used to edit online portal Crimevisionbd.


Press Emblem Campaign, the global media safety and rights body, has demanded an authentic probe into the incident as Rubel’s body carried severe injury marks. PEC also extends moral support to  Kushtia journalists who have launched protests demanding
justice for Rubel's wife Iti Khatun along with other family members.


Rubel becomes the 76th media worker to be killed this year across the globe, which is higher than the previous year, as 79 media persons lost their lives to assailants in 2021.


“The war in Ukraine and the rampant criminality in Mexico become the main reasons for the alarming rise of journo-murders this year. But the south Asian region particularly countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh continue to report regular murders of scribes. We demand all the crimes to be investigated with no impunity to culprits,” commented PEC president Blaise Lempen.


In Ukraine, the conflict triggered by Russia has claimed  30 victims among media workers, 16 in the line of duty and 14 journalists killed in fighting as soldiers or volunteers in the army. Mexico  witnessed 13 media victims so far which exceeds the total figure for 2021 (10 killed).


PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Rubel is the third journalist to be killed in Bangladesh this year after
Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari. Pakistan lost four media workers namely Iftikhar Ahmed, Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen to assailants. India witnessed the murder of Rohit Kumar Biswal,  Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato.


04.07.2022. PAKISTAN. One more journalist shot dead in Pakistan, PEC demands punishment to perpetrators

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the  Geneva-based global media safety and rights body, has demanded adequate punishment to perpetrators who were involved in the murder of Pakistani journalist Iftikhar Ahmed on Saturday last. Iftikhar becomes the 74th media worker to be killed this year, whereas  globally  79 media persons
lost their lives to assailants in the entire year of 2021.

Associated with Pakistan’s influential Express Media Group for many years, the talented journalist was shot dead in his own Shabqadar locality of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa on 2 July 2022. Pakistan has already lost three media workers namely Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen to assailants. It has now an equal number of media casualties with neighboring India which witnessed the killing of Rohit Kumar Biswal,  Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato.

“We are appalled by the large number of journalists killed this year which is 100% compared to 36 deaths in the same period last year. The war in Ukraine and the rampant criminality in Mexico are the main reasons for this alarming deterioration. All these crimes must be fully investigated with no impunity to the culprits,” said Blaise Lempen, president of PEC.

In Ukraine, the conflict triggered by Russia has claimed  30 victims among media workers, 16 in the line of duty and 14 journalists killed in fighting as soldiers or volunteers in the army. Mexico  witnessed 13 media victims so far which exceeds the total figure for 2021 (10 killed). Haiti and Yemen lost 3 journalists each. PEC recorded 2 victims in Bangladesh, Brazil, Honduras, Israel/Palestine and the Philippines, and 1 victim in Myanmar, Turkey, Chad, Chile, Guatemala, Kazakhstan and the United States.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informs that Bangladesh lost Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem and Abdul Bari, while Myanmar witnessed the death of Pu Tui Dim in military atrocities. The entire region continues to be hazardous for working journalists, where the scribes are being targeted with impunity. Besides the killings, more journalists have been facing legal and illegal atrocities from the State and non-State actors, he added.

30.06.2022. PEC press release (French and Spanish after English) - The number of journalists killed has doubled


Geneva, June 30, 2022 (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is appalled by the large number of journalists killed in the first six months of 2022. The year-on-year increase is 100% with 72 victims in 18 countries since January compared to 36 deaths in the same period last year.

"The war in Ukraine and the rampant criminality in Mexico are the main reasons of this a
larming deterioration", said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

In Ukraine, the conflict triggered by Russia has claimed
in 4 months 30 victims among media workers, 16 in the line of duty and 14 journalists killed in fightings as soldiers or volunteers in the army. The circumstances of each death must be independently clarified and those responsible must be brought to justice. Russian and Ukrainian authorities must ensure that journalists are not targeted while covering the ongoing fighting and that they can work freely.

In six months, Mexico with 12 victims exceeded the figure for the whole of last year (10 killed).

With 4 killed, India comes after Ukraine and Mexico. Haiti, Pakistan and Yemen followed with 3 killed in each country.

PEC also recorded 2 victims in Bangladesh, Brazil, Honduras, Israel/Palestine, and Philippines, and 1 victim in each of the following countries: Chad, Chile, Guatemala, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Turkey and the United States.

There must be no impunity. All these crimes must be fully investigated without exception.

In light of this very worrying deterioration, PEC has renewed its call to the United Nations for the adoption of an international convention strengthening the protection of journalists with investigation and prosecution mechanisms. By 2021, 79 media workers had been killed and 92 by 2020 for the whole year.

List of victims on our page Casualties. For journalists killed in Ukraine, read below the report of the PEC correspondent


Le nombre des journalistes tués a doublé

Genève, 30 juin 2022 (PEC) La PEC (Presse Emblème Campagne) est consternée par le grand nombre de journalistes tués au cours des six premiers mois de 2022. La hausse d’une année sur l’autre atteint 100% avec 72 victimes dans 18 pays depuis janvier contre 36 morts pour la même période de l’an dernier.

«La guerre en Ukraine et la criminalité galopante au Mexique sont les principaux responsables de cette détérioration alarmante», a déclaré le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

En Ukraine, le conflit déclenché par la Russie a fait 30 victimes parmi les travailleurs des médias, dont 16 dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions et 14 comme soldats ou volontaires dans l’armée.

Les circonstances de chaque mort devront être élucidées de manière indépendante et leurs responsables jugés. Les autorités russes et ukrainiennes doivent s’assurer que les journalistes ne sont pas visés en couvrant les combats en cours et qu’ils peuvent travailler librement.

En six mois, le Mexique avec 12 victimes a dépassé le bilan de l’ensemble de l’année dernière (10 tués). L’inde vient après l’Ukraine et le Mexique avec quatre tués.

Haiti, le Pakistan et le Yémen déplorent trois tués dans chaque pays. La PEC a aussi recensé deux victimes au Bangladesh, Brésil, Honduras, Israel/Palestine, et aux Philippines, ainsi qu’une victime dans chacun de ces pays: Chili, Guatemala, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Tchad, Turquie et États-Unis.

Il ne doit pas y avoir d’impunité. Tous ces crimes doivent faire l’objet d’enquêtes complètes sans exception. Compte tenu de cette détérioration très préoccupante, la PEC a réitéré son appel à l’ONU pour l’adoption d’une convention internationale renforçant la protection des journalistes avec des mécanismes d’enquête et de poursuite. En 2021, 79 travailleurs des médias avaient été tués et 92 en 2020 sur l’ensemble de l’année.

Liste des victimes sur notre page Casualties. Pour le détail des journalistes tués en Ukraine, lire le rapport de notre correspondant ci-dessous

SE DUPLICA EL NÚMERO DE PERIODISTAS ASESINADOS

Ginebra, 30 de junio de 2022 (PEC).- La Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés) está consternada por la gran cantidad de periodistas asesinados en los primeros seis meses de 2022. El aumento interanual es del 100% con 72 víctimas en 18 países desde enero, en comparación con 36 muertes en el mismo período del año pasado.

La guerra en Ucrania y la criminalidad desenfrenada en México son las principales razones de este alarmante deterioro”, dijo el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.

En Ucrania, el conflicto desencadenado por Rusia se ha cobrado, en 4 meses, 30 víctimas entre los trabajadores de los medios (16 en el cumplimiento de su deber y 14 periodistas muertos en combates como soldados o voluntarios del ejército).

Las circunstancias de cada muerte deben esclarecerse de forma independiente y los responsables deben comparecer ante la justicia. Las autoridades rusas y ucranianas deben garantizar que los periodistas no sean atacados mientras cubren los combates en curso y que puedan trabajar libremente.

En seis meses, México, con 12 víctimas, superó la cifra de todo el año pasado (10 muertos).

Con 4 muertos, India viene detrás de Ucrania y México.

Le siguen Haití, Pakistán y Yemen con 3 muertos en cada país; la PEC también registró 2 víctimas en Bangladesh, Brasil, Honduras, Israel/Palestina y Filipinas, y 1 víctima en cada uno de los siguientes países: Chad, Chile, Guatemala, Kazajstán, Myanmar, Turquía y Estados Unidos.

No debe haber impunidad. Todos estos crímenes deben ser investigados a fondo sin excepción. Ante este preocupante deterioro, la PEC ha renovado su llamado a las Naciones Unidas para la adopción de una convención internacional que fortalezca la protección de los periodistas con mecanismos de investigación y enjuiciamiento.

Para 2021, 79 trabajadores de los medios habían sido asesinados y 92 para 2020 durante todo el año.


27.06.2022. UKRAINE. 7th report on the State of Media in Ukraine during the War – Top official fired for fakes, Ukraine banned Russian music and books

by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine

Lviv (Ukraine), 27 June 2022.

Fake news about Russia's war in Ukraine is becoming a problem


Ukrainian Ombudswoman Lyudmila Denisova was fired for spreading unverified information about rape during the war in Ukraine, reports Ukrainska Pravda. Ms. Denisova reported calls to a hotline about sexual violence in Russian-occupied territories before verifying the information received. She also revealed shocking details of such reports that could not be verified. And if it
was true, then such details could harm the victims of crimes and reveal their identities. On May 31 The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Parliament) dismissed the Ombudswoman.


Fake stories become a problem for journalists covering the war in Ukraine especially when public figures report. Many journalists are uncritical of such statements. For example, a former member of the Ukrainian Parliament Vitaliy Kupriy reported on June 22, citing two anonymous sources, about the fighting in Kherson. The message turned out to be false. On June 23, Deputy
Defense Minister Hanna Malyar urged politicians not to disclose details of military operations until the Ukrainian General Staff announced this.


33 media figures have died in Ukraine


Already 33 journalists and media persons (local and international both) were killed in Ukraine, dozens wounded. The organization Reporters Without Borders investigated one of the murders - photographer Max Levin. The authors of the investigation claim that the Russian military executed the journalist and possibly tortured him.


The list of killed journalists in the line of duty:
● 1. Yevhen Sakun, cameraman of LIVE TV channel (died on March 1 during the Russian rocket attack on the TV tower in Kyiv);
● 2. Brent Renaud, a former correspondent for The New York Times (shot dead by Russians on March 13 in Irpen at a checkpoint);
● 3. Pierre Zakrzewski, cameraman for Fox News, an Irish citizen (killed on March 14 during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).
● 4. Oleksandra Kuvshynova, Ukrainian producer, and journalist (killed on March 14 together with Pierre Zakrzewski during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).
● 5. Oksana Baulina, a journalist for Russia's The Insider and Oleksiy Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation (was killed on March 23 during a Russian shelling in Kyiv while performing an editorial assignment).
● 6. Dilerbek Shakirov, a civilian journalist of the information weekly "Around You" (was shot dead by Russians at a blockpost in the suburbs of Kherson on February 26)
● 7. Viktor Diedov, cameraman of Sigma TV from Mariupol (died on March 11 as a result of the shelling of his house)
● 8. Maks Levin, the famous Ukrainian photojournalist, has not been heard from since 13 March, when he was reporting in the Vyshgorod district, north of Kyiv. On April 2 he was found dead in the Kyiv region in place of a massacre of civilians.
● 9. Eugene Bal, 78 yo journalism veteran, died near Mariupol on April 2. He was kidnapped and tortured by the Russian military for three days in late March. After his release, his health deteriorated and he died.
● 10. Olexander Lytkin, journalist dtp.kiev.ua. The circumstances of his death are unknown. His name among the dead was published by the office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine without details.
● 11. Roman Nezhyborets, video technician was killed in the Ukrainian village of Yahidne. His body was found by Ukrainian volunteers on 6 April after Russian troops withdrew from the area. Nezhyborets’ body had gunshot wounds in the knees and his hands were tied.
● 12. Zoreslav Zamoysky, local residents in Bucha found his body on a street in the city in early April, according to statements by the Ukrainian National Union of Journalists (NUJU) and the Irpin city council. Those sources did not state the exact date his body
was found.
● 13. Oksana Gaydar, a Ukrainian journalist, and blogger died because of shelling on 11-12 April near Brovary city in the Kyiv region, according to NUJU.
● 14. Vira Gyrych, journalist and produser of Radio Liberty local branch, was killed as a result of a Russian missile hitting building in Kyiv on April 29.
● 15. Frederic Leclerc-Imhoff, journalist for the French BFMTV channel was killed in a russian shelling attack in Luhansk region on May 30.
● 16. Ihor Hudenko, photojournalist and blogger, who lost contact with his friends and family while in the northeastern city of Kharkiv on February 26, died that day. Hudenko died while filming on Kharkiv’s Natalia Uzhviy Street.


Journalists who were killed not in the line of duty (as soldiers or volunteers).
● 17. Victor Dudar, who was a military journalist and served as a part of the Armed forces, was killed in battle on March 6, near Mykolaiv.
● 18. Oleg Yakunin, the editor of the Zaporizhia site Misto.zp.ua, was killed in battle on March 25 on military service.
● 19. Yuriy Oliynyk, the operator of the 24th channel was killed in battle on March 23 in the Luhansk oblast, near Popasna. Yuriy was a volunteer in the 24 separate mechanized brigade named after King Danylo.
● 20. Pasha Lee, Ukrainian actor and TV host, has been killed by shelling in the city of Irpin.
● 21. Serhyi Pushenko, graphic artist and painter who worked with media, killed by Russian sabotage and reconnaissance groups in Kyiv region on 2 March.
● 22. Sergey Zaikovsky, publicist and translator who worked with media, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March.
● 23. Denis Kotenko, one of press-officers of the Ministry of Veterans Affairs, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March.
● 24. Maxim Medinskiy, a local online journalist from Odesa region, died on May 6 in a fight.
● 25. Evgen Starinets, mediamanager of Cherkasy branch of the Ukrainian public Suspilne TV, died in the eastern front on Aplril 30.
● 26. Oleksandr Makhov, Ukrainian TV journalist from ‘Ukraine’ and ‘Ukraine24’ channels was killed by Russian shelling on May 4.
● 27. Oleksiy Chubashev, military man, former head of the Army FM radio station and author and presenter of the Rekrut program, died on June 10 in battle.
● 28. Roman Zhuk, a photographer from Mukachevo, died in the war with Russia in May, reported by Varosh.
● 29. Vitaliy Derekh, Ternopil journalist and serviceman of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was killed in action on May 28 near Popasna Donetskyi District.
● 30. Kostyantyn Kits, cameraman of Lutsk's "Avers" channel was killed in action in May.


Killed media persons (people who are connected with the media, but were not directly journalists):
● 31. Mantas Kvedaravičius, Lithuanian documentary filmmaker and director of the Mariupol film about the war in Donbass, died on April 3 in Mariupol.
● 32. Lilia Gumyanova, a journalism teacher was killed by Russian shelling in Mariupol on March 19.
● 33. Oksana Haydar (Ruda Pani), blogger and activist killed by Russian shelling in April at Shevchenkove village, Brovary district, Kyiv region.


Ukraine banned Russian music and books
At 19 June the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has decided to ban the public performance of Russian songs and their use on radio and TV. Bill prohibits, in particular, the public performance, display and demonstration of phonograms, videograms and music videos of artists who are or have been citizens of the aggressor state in any period since 1991.


MPs also supported the ban on the import of publishing products from Russia and Belarus, the publication and sale of books by Russian citizens in Ukraine, and supported the stimulation of the development of Ukrainian book publishing and book distribution.
The ban will not apply to Russian singers who condemn Russia's aggression against Ukraine. The relevant list of executors will be maintained and updated by the Office of the National Security and Defense Council.


Well-known Russian journalist received a Ukrainian passport
Early june well-known Russian journalist Alexander Nevzorov received Ukrainian citizenship. First, the adviser to the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Anton Gerashchenko, announced this, later, Mr. Nevzorov himself showed the cover of the passport with the national emblem of Ukraine on his YouTube broadcast.


This decision of the Ukrainian authorities caused a debate in society. Many Ukrainians are so shocked by the Russian attack that they want nothing to do with Russian citizens, even if such citizens oppose the war themselves.


At the end of June, popular Ukrainian singer Olga Polyakova asked the President of Ukraine to grant Ukrainian citizenship to Russian blogger and writer Nika Belotserkovskaya. Mrs. Belotserkovsky was born in Ukrainian Odessa, but became famous in Russia. After the start of a full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, the blogger spoke out against the war and left for France.
Ms. Polyakova has every right to apply for Ukrainian citizenship at her place of birth.
**
Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine
(a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)
His first report was published on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5
April 2022, fourth on 11 April, fifth on 22 April, sixth on 10 May (read below)


22.06.2022. INTERVIEW PARUE DANS EDITO, le magazine suisse des médias



« Lutter contre l’impunité est essentiel»



Début avril, l’ONG Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC) s’alarmait, de Genève, du grand nombre de


journalistes tués au cours des trois premiers mois de l’année. La hausse atteignait plus de 150% avec 38


victimes dans 15 pays par rapport à la même période de l’an dernier. Entretien avec le président de la PEC


(www.pressemblem.ch), Blaise Lempen.



PAR JEAN-LUC WENGER, rédacteur en chef d'EDITO


Journaliste et écrivain, Blaise Lempen nous reçoit chez lui, à Féchy, un village tranquille plus connu pour ses étiquettes de chasselas (et le contenu de ses bouteilles) que pour la géopolitique mondiale. Pas loin d’Aubonne, donc de Morges, entretien dans son paisible jardin.


EDITO : Nous venons de vivre deux crises mondiales affectant la sécurité des journalistes, la pandémie du Covid et la guerre en Ukraine. Qu’est-ce qui a changé pour les journalistes avec l’apparition du Covid ?


Blaise Lempen : Depuis le début de la crise sanitaire, les journalistes ont été particulièrement exposés. De par leur profession, certains d’entre eux ont dû rester au contact des gens, témoigner sur le terrain. Ils ne pouvaient évidemment pas pratiquer le télétravail ! Ils ont été au contact de personnes porteuses du virus et ont dû se rendre dans les hôpitaux. Or, ils manquaient souvent de protection dans plusieurs pays. Nous avons plaidé pour une vaccination prioritaire avec le soutien d’associations locales.


Où ces problèmes étaient-ils les plus aigus ?


En Amérique latine en général, au Brésil en particulier. Là, les difficultés ont été énormes, faute de politique de santé publique correcte. En 2 ans de pandémie, au moins 2000 journalistes ont succombé au virus dans le monde. Les pays avec la plus forte mortalité ont été le Brésil, l’Inde, le Pérou, le Mexique, la Colombie puis les Etats-Unis.


Comment jugez-vous la situation des journalistes aujourd’hui en Ukraine ?


L’Ukraine vit une situation dramatique. J’ai l’impression d’assister à une répétition de la situation en Syrie entre 2011 et 2019, avec ses nombreux journalistes tués. Dans les deux cas, les violations des Conventions de Genève qui protègent les travailleurs des médias en tant que civils se sont multipliées. Il suffit de penser à Boutcha ou à Irpin, au nord de Kyiv. Ailleurs aussi, des journalistes, des fixeurs, ont été attaqués et assassinés alors qu’ils affichaient clairement le badge « presse ».


Rappelez-nous ce qu’il s’est passé à Irpin.


Dans le cas d’Irpin, il s’agissait d’un professionnel expérimenté qui travaillait pour le New York Times et qui avait sur lui un matériel adéquat. Photographe et réalisateur indépendant, Brent Renaud restera comme le premier journaliste étranger tué depuis l’invasion russe de l’Ukraine le 24 février. Maks Levin, Pierre Zakrzewski et le journaliste français Frédéric Leclerc-Imhoff, correspondant de BFMTV, ont également payé de leur vie leur passion d’informer aux côtés de courageux journalistes ukrainiens.


Comment recueillez-vous les informations sur le terrain ?


Nous répertorions les victimes au jour le jour, grâce à nos correspondants sur place, aux réseaux sociaux, aux médias locaux. En Ukraine, nous collaborons par exemple avec un journaliste Andrii Ianitskyi qui publie une synthèse chaque semaine. C’est une forme de soutien. Aujourd’hui, à la différence d’il y a 20 ans, les sources d’informations sont multiples, grâce aux réseaux sociaux qui nous apportent directement des témoignages. Les images satellites (prises sans risques) sont également précieuses, tout comme celles prises avec des drones. Les photographes, qui sont souvent les plus visés, sont moins exposés grâce à l’utilisation d’images filmées avec des drones. Néanmoins, il faut aller sur le terrain. Le journaliste indépendant genevois Guillaume Briguet peut en témoigner. Attaqué par des soldats russes, il a été blessé et son matériel volé. Oui, les freelances prennent le plus de risques pour rentabiliser leur voyage.


Qu’en est-il de la possibilité d’informer en temps de guerre ?


Cette liberté est limitée, parce que des combattants ne respectent pas les Conventions de Genève. Outre les tués, il y a les blessés, par exemple victimes d’éclats d’obus. Dans les parties qu’elle occupe, la Russie a un total contrôle de l’information. Les journalistes sont embarqués, et leurs informations censurées. Certains professionnels russes indépendants doivent travailler depuis la Pologne. Le plus important est de lutter contre l’impunité. C’est la raison pour laquelle il faut faire connaître ces crimes. Leurs responsables doivent être identifiés et jugés.


Comment est organisée la PEC ?


J’en suis le cofondateur avec une Égyptienne Hedayat Abdel Nabi, malheureusement décédée en mars dernier au Caire. La PEC est née en 2004, en réaction à la guerre menée par les Américains en Irak, à l’initiative de journalistes de plusieurs nationalités accrédités à l’ONU à Genève. Nous militons pour une Convention internationale, renforçant la protection des journalistes, mais nous sommes confrontés aux résistances des États autoritaires. Même les Etats-Unis et la France, qui ont des troupes un peu partout dans le monde, ne se sont pas ralliés à cette idée jusqu’ici. Nous le regrettons. La Fédération internationale des journalistes (FIJ) défend le projet de Convention, les syndicats français aussi. A chaque conflit, la question se repose de manière aigue. Que cela soit au Yémen ou en Ukraine. Les témoignages de crimes de guerre ne suffisent pas comme preuves pour la Cour pénale internationale, il faut des enquêtes indépendantes. Mais nous restons confiants : la justice se mettra en marche.


Quel est le levier politique de la PEC ?


Nous avons soutenu à l’ONU une dizaine de résolutions sur la sécurité des journalistes, deux sont parvenues jusqu’au Conseil de sécurité. Grâce à ce travail d’information, avec d’autres ONG, comme la FIJ, RSF, le CPJ, l’IPI, le problème a gagné en visibilité. Il y a des avancées, au Mexique, où la criminalité est galopante, les autorités ont par exemple pris des mesures de protection, hélas insuffisantes.

Le 2 novembre a été déclaré « Journée internationale de la fin de l’impunité pour les crimes commis contre des journalistes ». Un petit pas. Il ne faut pas oublier l’Irak, la Syrie, le Yémen, l’Afghanistan, les territoires palestiniens occupés, où une journaliste très connue d’Al-Jazeera Shireen Abu Akleh vient d’être tuée d’une balle dans la tête…


Parlez-nous d’un livre qui décrirait votre engagement.


J’ai écrit « Massacres sans témoins » en 2007. Le livre relate la mort d’un cameraman sur le balcon de l’Hôtel Palestine à Bagdad en 2003. J’évrivais déjà alors : «Le journaliste a une mission essentielle dans l’exercice des droits démocratiques : il doit informer, quels que soient les pressions, les menaces ou les risques ».


Encadré :

Pour une convention internationale


La Presse Emblème Campagne (PEC) est une organisation non gouvernementale avec statut consultatif spécial à l’ONU. La PEC a été fondée en juin 2004 par un groupe de journalistes de plusieurs pays. Basée à Genève, l’organisation non gouvernementale est indépendante et à but non lucratif. Son objectif est de renforcer la protection et la sécurité des journalistes dans les zones de conflits. La PEC est en faveur de l’adoption d’une nouvelle convention internationale pour améliorer la protection des travailleurs des médias. Elle est soutenue par près de 60 ONG et associations de journalistes dans le monde. En 2021, 79 travailleurs des médias avaient été tués et 92 en 2020. Ils sont déjà près de 60 jusqu’au 31 mai de cette année.


Bio express


Blaise Lempen est né en 1950 à Berne. Il a grandi au gré des affectations de son père diplomate : Belgrade, Paris, Rome. Il est diplômé du Centre universitaire d’enseignement du journalisme à Strasbourg et docteur en sciences politiques de l’Université de Lausanne. Entre 1975 et 1990, il est journaliste de politique étrangère à La Tribune de Lausanne-Le Matin. Il travaille ensuite

quatre ans à La Suisse, puis est correspondant auprès des Nations unies à Genève pour l’Agence télégraphique suisse (ATS) entre 1994 et 2015. Son dernier ouvrage : « La dictature numérique en marche, société de l’hypersurveillance : un appel à la vigilance » est paru en 2021 aux Editions L’Harmattan. Il est par ailleurs l’auteur de quatorze autres essais.


Exergue :

« Il ne faut pas oublier l’Irak, la Syrie, l’Afghanistan, le Yémen, la Palestine… »



16.06.2022. PEC demands actions against Bangladesh scribe killers

With Nava Thakuria PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses concern over the police inaction to nab the killers of  Dhaka-based television journalist Abdul Bari, who was found dead on the bank of Hatirjheel lake in Gulshan  area of the capital city on 8 June. Journalist Bari (28), who was associated with private channel DBC as a news producer, was severely stabbed by miscreants on his stomach and neck. Hailing from Sirajganj Sadar, Bari earlier worked for Mohona Television.

“PEC  is alarmed at  sharp increase in the number of journalists affected by violence this year, where Ukraine and Mexico emerge as the most dangerous countries in the globe so far.  Since the beginning of 2022, at least 65 media workers have paid with  lives for doing their job, which is a  worrying development," said  Blaise Lempen, president of PEC, adding that Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina should direct the concerned authorities to  punish the perpetrators and adequately compensate the bereaved family.

Bari is the second journalist to be killed in Bangladesh this year after the murder of Mohiuddin Sarker Nayeem in  Cumilla locality by suspected drug dealers, said Nava Thakuria, PEC’s south Asia representative. Bangladesh’s eastern neighbour Myanmar witnessed the killing of one scribe (Pu Tui Dim) and its western giant neighbour  India lost four journalists (namely Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini, Juned Khan Pathan and Subhash Kumar Mahato) to assailants since 1 January 2022.


21.05.2022. INDIA. PEC condemns murder of Bihar scribe, demands punishment to perpetrators

With Nava Thakuria, PEC India Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) has strongly condemned the murder of   journalist Subhash Kumar Mahato, who hailed from  Begusarai
locality of Bihar in central India on 20 May 2022. The global media safety and rights body also demanded punishments under the law to all

four identified gunmen who targeted Subhash (27)  outside his residence in Sankhu village.

Local media outlets in  Patna reveal that Subhash used to report on sand, land and liquor mafias in his locality for a cable news channel.
On the fateful night he was returning home from a friend’s house along
with some relatives. The culprits shot at him in front of dome family
members who immediately took the scribe to a nearby health centre where he was declared dead. The victim’s family has named four persons
in the police complaint.

“We urge the Bihar government chief Nitish Kumar for a high level probe in to the scribe’s murder. As the State police claim that all
four perpetrators have been identified, we expect they will be brought to  justice under law of the land,” said Blaise Lempen, president of
PEC (www.pressemblem.ch).

Subhash becomes the 59th media-worker to be killed in 2022 and the fourth victim (after Rohit Kumar Biswal from Odisha, Sudhir Saini from
 Uttar Pradesh and Juned Khan Pathan from Gujarat) in India. Ukraine and Mexico are the most dangerous countries in the globe so far,
reveals the PEC figure.

Describing about Subhash, PEC’s India representative Nava Thakuria informs that he studied journalism at a Darbhanga university and
worked for a number of Hindi daily newspapers like  Rashtriya Sahara, Dainik Bihar, etc. lately he was working for City News Begusarai.

Moreover he ran his own YouTube channel Aap Tak which enjoyed visible audience supports.

10.05.2022. UKRAINE. 6th report on the State of Media in Ukraine during the War (April 22 - May 10) – Pulitzer special citation for Ukrainian journalists amid rising death toll


by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine


Lviv (Ukraine), 10 May 2022. 


Key Ukrainian topics: fear of nuclear war, fuel shortage and life in Russian-occupied territories


We have identified three main topics in the Ukrainian media space, which caused the most attention during the observation period, empirically.


Fear of nuclear war. Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, the topic of nuclear war has been in the news. A few days after the invasion, when Vladimir Putin realized his failure, he put nuclear missiles on alert. Later, this topic was discussed by many experts and politicians, and recently the head of the Russian state-owned rocket company Roscosmos wrote on his Twitter that "in a nuclear war, we will destroy NATO in half an hour, but we must not allow it." The media began to write instructions on what to do during a nuclear explosion, which only heightened the concerns.


Economic problems during the war, in particular fuel shortages. After two months of active hostilities, Ukrainians in the rear began to feel the consequences. With rising prices and unemployment, the people of Ukraine have already reconciled. The exchange rate of the national currency hryvnia is fixed. But until recently, automobile fuel was in abundance. Russian bombing of oil storage facilities and oil refineries, coupled with an attempt by the authorities to regulate prices, led to fuel shortages. 


In 2014, Russian troops occupied 4 out of 27 administrative centers of Ukraine: Sevastopol, Simferopol, Donetsk, Luhansk. In 2022, the Russians captured the 5th administrative center, Kherson, and several other cities. Ukrainian media are closely following the life of the occupied regions, but this is not easy. The first thing Russians do in the territories they occupied is to turn off Ukrainian media, harass journalists, and often cut off communications and monitor Internet traffic.


More and more journalists die in the war in Ukraine


Already 26 journalists and media persons were killed (local and international both), dozens wounded. 


The list of killed journalists in the line of duty:


  1. Yevhen Sakun, cameraman of LIVE TV channel (died on March 1 during the Russian rocket attack on the TV tower in Kyiv);

  2. Brent Renaud, a former correspondent for The New York Times (shot dead by Russians on March 13 in Irpen at a checkpoint);

  3. Pierre Zakrzewski, cameraman for Fox News, an Irish citizen (killed on March 14 during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  4. Oleksandra Kuvshynova, Ukrainian producer, journalist (killed on March 14 together with Pierre Zakrzewski during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  5. Oksana Baulina, a journalist for Russia's The Insider and Oleksiy Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation (killed on March 23 during an Russian shelling in Kyiv while performing an editorial assignment).

  6. Dilerbek Shakirov, a civilian journalist of the information weekly "Around You" (was shot dead by Russians at a blockpost in the suburbs of Kherson on February 26)

  7. Viktor Diedov, cameraman of Sigma TV from Mariupol (died on March 11 as a result of shelling of his house)

  8. Maks Levin, famous Ukrainian photojournalist, has not been heard from since 13 March, when he was reporting in the Vyshgorod district, north of Kyiv. On April 2 he was found dead in the Kyiv region in places of massacre of civilians.

  9. Eugene Bal, 78 yo journalism veteran, died near Mariupol on April 2. He was kidnapped and tortured by the Russian military for three days in late March. After his release, his health deteriorated and he died.

  10. Olexander Lytkin, journalist dtp.kiev.ua. The circumstances of his death are unknown. His name among the dead was published by the office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine without details. 

  11. Roman Nezhyborets, video technician was killed in the Ukrainian village of Yahidne. His body was found by Ukrainian volunteers on 6 April after Russian troops withdrew from the area. Nezhyborets’ body had gunshot wounds in the knees and his hands were tied. 

  12. Zoreslav Zamoysky, local residents in Bucha found his body on a street in the city in early April, according to statements by the Ukrainian National Union of Journalists (NUJU) and the Irpin city council. Those sources did not state the exact date his body was found. 

  13. Oksana Gaydar, Ukrainian journalist and blogger died because of shelling on 11-12 April near Brovary city in Kyiv region, according to NUJU.

  14. Vira Gyrych, journalist and produser of Radio Liberty local branch, was killed as result of Russian missile hitting building in Kyiv on April 29


Journalists who were killed not in the line of duty (as soldiers or volunteers).

  1. Victor Dudar, who was a military journalist and served as a part of the Armed forces, was killed in battle on March 6, near Mykolaiv.

  2. Oleg Yakunin, the editor of the Zaporizhia site Misto.zp.ua, was killed in battle on March 25 on military service. 

  3. Yuriy Oliynyk, the operator of the 24th channel was killed in battle on March 23 in the Luhansk oblast, near Popasna. Yuriy was a volunteer in the 24 separate mechanized brigade named after King Danylo.

  4. Pasha Lee, Ukrainian actor and TV host, has been killed by shelling in the city of Irpin.

  5. Serhyi Pushenko, graphic artist and painter who worked with media, killed by Russian sabotage and reconnaissance groups in Kyiv region on 2 March.

  6. Sergey Zaikovsky, publicist and translator who worked with media, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March. 

  7. Denis Kotenko, one of press-officers of the Ministry of Veterans Affairs, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March.

  8. Maxim Medinskiy, a local online journalist from Odesa region, died on May 6 in a fight.

  9. Evgen Starinets, mediamanager of Cherkasy branch of the Ukrainian public Suspilne TV, died in the eastern front on Aplril 30.

  10. Oleksandr Makhov, Ukrainian TV journalist from ‘Ukraine’ and ‘Ukraine24’ channels was killed by Russian shelling on May 4


Killed media persons (people who are connected with the media, but were not directly journalists):

  1. Mantas Kvedaravičius, Lithuanian documentary filmmaker and director of the Mariupol film about the war in Donbass, died on April 3 in Mariupol.

  2. Lilia Gumyanova, a journalism teacher was killed by Russian shelling in Mariupol on March 19.


The Pulitzer Board awards a special citation to the journalists of Ukraine


On May 10 the Pulitzer Board awarded a special citation to the journalists of Ukraine. They were awarded for their "courage, endurance, and commitment to truthful reporting during Vladimir Putin’s ruthless invasion of their country and his propaganda war in Russia". Journalists in Ukraine, especially in the war zone and in the zones of Russian occupation, are forced to work in conditions of constant risk to their lives and health.


Local media in Ukraine are in dire need of resources


In a recent study of the state of local media in Ukraine, the Media Development Foundation NGO writes that the hostilities exacerbated and highlighted all the problems that remained unresolved in Ukrainian regional newsrooms before the February 24 invasion.


Many teams have vague job descriptions and responsibilities, 29% of respondents said that each member of the team performs the duties of several specialists at the same time. 


38.4% of respondents indicated that one of the problems in their work is the inability to plan ahead. The vast majority of newsrooms now plan their work only a week in advance - 35.84%. These problems are compounded by a lack of resources: 69.12% of respondents noted a lack of funds to continue the normal functioning of newsrooms. 


The data was collected through surveys and in-depth interviews. 39 media organizations took part in the research.


Restrictions on freedom of speech in Ukraine remain


As we wrote in previous reports Ukrainian authorities have tightened control over the media during wartime. Three national news channels tied to former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko have been taken off the digital air. They continue to broadcast on satellite, cable networks, and online but have lost, according to our sources in management, from 20 to 40 percent of their audience.


(Disclosure: the report's author also works for a TV channel that has been taken offline from digital broadcasting)


Other national news channels (both private and public) work together and create the United News marathon. 


The reasons for the restrictions are still unclear, and their legality is questionable. However, the TV channels affected by the restriction have so far refrained from harsh statements and litigation due to the military situation.


Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)


His first report was published on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5 April 2022, fourth on 11 April, fifth on 22 April (read below)

05.05.2022. Entrevista con el fotógrafo español Guillermo Cervera: “He cubierto la estupidez de la raza humana”.

French and English after Spanish

Guillermo Cervera (photo) es un fotógrafo español nombrado “el outsider del fotoperiodismo” por Vice Magazine, y cubro entre otros temas, numerosos guerras y conflictos por más de 20 años y publico sus fotos en The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, El Mundo, El País, La Vanguardia, entre otros. No solo trabajo de fotógrafo y periodistas en zonas difíciles, sino también fue atacados varias veces por su posición de media: en el Chad donde fue secuestrado y torturado, en la revolución egipcia donde le ataco la policía en el cabello, en Libia, estaba al lado de los fotógrafos Tim Hetherington y Chris Hondros, cuando fallecieron por un mortero dirigido hacia ellos. Para Guillermo Cervera, una guerra está necesariamente ligada al riesgo y es importante que los periodistas que van a la guerra sean conscientes de ello.

  1. Suzanne Halal (PEC). Has fotografiado muchos acontecimientos de crisis en todo el mundo, ¿puede nombrar las crisis y conflictos que ha cubierto?

Guillermo Cervera. He cubierto muchísimas crisis, pero si las resumiera en unas palabras: He cubierto la estupidez de la raza humana.

  1. ¿Hay alguno que le haya impresionado especialmente?

La peor fotografía que no he hecho es la que ya no he visto.

  1. Tu mismo has sido víctima de unos ataques, ¿puedes hablarnos de estas situaciones?

Yo he sido victima de muchos ataques. Cuando uno va a zonas donde hay problemas o conflictos o guerras, siempre tiene ataques. Al final, los periodistas son ajenos a la guerra y no es nuestra historia. Cada uno tiene su propia guerra en su cabeza.

  1. ¿Qué riesgos cree que son específicos a los fotógrafos de guerra?

Tienen muchos riesgos. En una guerra, el fotógrafo que luego vaya de victima cuando pase algo, cuando les secuestren, cuando tenga un problema grave, es un hipócrita porque todos sabemos a donde vamos: a un sitio lleno de circunstancias y de casualidades que nos pueden afectar porque nos vamos allí. Al final, los que volvemos a casa y vivemos aquí tranquilos lo somos nosotros mismos y los que se quedan en eso son los que viven esa experiencia.

  1. Sus fotografías son muy "intensas", ¿cómo consigue relatar esto, especialmente en una situación difícil?

Lo que intenta hacer cuando vaya a cualquier lugar, una guerra o una fiesta, es observar, observar, observar. Un error que yo cometí al principio de fotografía es algo que creo que le pasa a mucha gente, es que intentamos centrarnos en una imagen predeterminada hecha por otra persona y nos perdemos todo lo demás. Yo creo que para contar algo con verdadera intensidad hay que ser uno mismo, intentar contar lo que a uno mismo le impresiona de todo este escenario, y mirar alrededor y sacar sus propias conclusiones.

  1. ¿Qué debería hacerse para mejorar la situación de los fotógrafos de guerra y del personal de los medios de comunicación en general en estos conflictos?

¡Que pregunta tan difícil! Concienciarles a ellos mismos (los periodistas) en el lio en el que se están mintiendo cuando van a un lugar así.

  1. ¿Qué opina de la situación de los fotógrafos y periodistas en Ucrania? ¿Tiene alguna opinión de los profesionales sobre el terreno?

Me acabas de hacer la pregunta del millón. Me acuerda cuando estaba en Etiopia haciendo un reportaje sobre una planta que se llama “prosopia”, unos Etíopes de esta zona empezaban a criticar a Etíopes de otra zona. Pensaba, la locura es general y este mundo no atiende a nada. El ego nos pierde a todos.

  1. ¿Cree que seguirá ejerciendo en un futuro próximo? Si es así, ¿para cubrir qué crisis?

Sigo trabajando, me siento atado a mi camera y cuento todo lo que me pasa, lo que pasa a mi alrededor, lo que veo. Yo creo que algún día intentare dar una explicación de como veo el mundo como para describir la locura del mundo. Hace años hice un libre que se llamaba La guerra es una piscina con Placid Garcia Planas que contaba el surrealismo y ese sentido de la humanidad. Sigo trabajando y mi proyecto es ese: el mundo, la gente, la locura, el amor.

  1. Si la PEC pudiera ayudar a proteger a los periodistas y profesionales de los medios de comunicación en situaciones de conflicto, ¿qué le gustaría que hiciera para marcar la diferencia?

Con tantos conflictos, la PEC deberían poder ser identificados por periodistas en situación difícil en zonas de conflictos para que les ayuden. Yo estuve en situaciones muy desagradables donde tuve que desarrollármelas solo, ni siquiera el gobierno nos ayudó.

  1. Me podrías mandar enlaces o fotografías para ilustrar esta entrevista, y que podamos compartir con los demás en línea sobre tu trabajo en zonas difíciles? https://guillermocervera.photoshelter.com/index/G0000yjronfnTHgg/I0000G27w25MDb9I

https://guillermocervera.photoshelter.com/index/G0000yjronfnTHgg/I0000G27w25MDb9I

https://guillermocervera.photoshelter.com/index/G0000yjronfnTHgg/I0000HtUwlozUamo

https://guillermocervera.photoshelter.com/gallery/Uprise-in-Cairo-Egypt/G0000dpupmjYgxM8


05.05.2022. Entretien avec le photographe espagnol Guillermo Cervera. “J’ai couvert la stupidité de la race humaine”.

Guillermo Cervera est un photographe espagnol nommé "l'outsider du photojournalisme" par Vice Magazine. Il a couvert, entre autres sujets, de nombreuses guerres et divers conflits pendant plus de 20 ans, et a publié ses photos dans le New York Times, le Wall Street Journal, le Guardian, El Mundo, El País, La Vanguardia, entre autres. Il n'a pas seulement travaillé comme photographe et journaliste dans des zones difficiles, mais il a également été attaqué à plusieurs reprises en raison de sa position dans les médias : au Tchad où il a été détenu et torturé, au cours de la révolution égyptienne où il a été attaqué par la police, en Libye, il était aux côtés des photographes Tim Hetherington et Chris Hondros, lorsqu'ils ont été tués par un mortier qui les visait. Pour Guillermo Cervera, une guerre est nécessairement liée au risque et il est important que les journalistes qui partent dans une zone de guerre en soient conscients.

1) Suzanne Halal (PEC). Vous avez photographié de nombreuses crises dans le monde, pouvez-vous citer les crises et les conflits que vous avez couverts ?
Guillermo Cervera. J'ai couvert beaucoup, beaucoup de crises, mais si je devais les résumer en quelques mots, je dirais : j'ai couvert la stupidité de la race humaine.
2. Y a-t-il une personne qui vous a fait une impression particulière ?
La pire photo que je n'ai pas prise est celle que je n'ai pas vue.
3. Vous avez vous-même été victime d'agressions, pouvez-vous nous parler de ces situations ?
J'ai été victime de nombreuses attaques. Quand vous allez dans des régions où il y a des problèmes, des conflits ou des guerres, vous avez toujours des attaques. En fin de compte, les journalistes ne sont pas parties aux hostilités et ce n'est pas notre histoire. Chacun a sa propre guerre dans sa tête.
4. Quels sont, selon vous, les risques spécifiques aux photographes de guerre ?
Les risques sont nombreux. Dans une guerre, c'est le photographe qui joue ensuite le rôle de la victime quand quelque chose se passe, quand il est enlevé, quand il a un problème sérieux, c’est hypocrite parce que nous savons tous où nous allons : : dans un endroit plein de circonstances et de coïncidences qui peuvent nous affecter parce que nous y allons.
5. Vos photographies sont très "intenses", comment parvenez-vous à rendre cela, surtout dans une situation difficile ?
Ce que vous essayez de faire quand vous allez dans un endroit quelconque, une guerre ou une fête, c'est d'observer, observer, observer. Une erreur que j'ai commise au début de la photographie est quelque chose qui, je pense, arrive à beaucoup de gens. Ils essaient de se concentrer sur une image prédéterminée faite par quelqu'un d'autre et ils passent à côté de tout le reste. Je pense que pour raconter quelque chose avec uhe vraie intensité, vous devez être vous-même, essayer de dire ce qui vous impressionne dans tout ce scénario, et regarder autour de vous et tirer vos propres conclusions.
6. Que faut-il faire pour améliorer la situation des photographes de guerre et du personnel des médias en général dans ces conflits ?
Quelle question difficile ! Rendez les journalistes conscients du désordre auxquels ils se trouvent lorsqu'ils se rendent dans une zone de conflit.
7. Que pensez-vous de la situation des photographes et des journalistes en Ukraine ? avez-vous une opinion sur les professionnels sur le terrain ?
Tu viens de me poser la question à un million de dollars. Cela me rappelle l'époque où j'étais en Éthiopie pour faire un reportage sur une plante appelée "prosopia", certains Éthiopiens de cette région ont commencé à critiquer les Éthiopiens d'une autre région. J'ai pensé, la folie est générale et ce monde n'écoute rien. L'ego nous perd tous.
8. Pensez-vous continuer à pratiquer dans un avenir proche ? Si oui, pour couvrir quelle crise ?
Je travaille toujours, je me sens lié à ma caméra et je raconte tout ce qui m'arrive, ce qui se passe autour de moi, ce que je vois. Je pense qu'un jour, j'essaierai de donner une explication de la façon dont je vois le monde pour décrire la folie du monde. Il y a des années, j'ai fait un livre intitulé La guerra es una piscina (La guerre est une piscine) avec Placid Garcia Planas qui a parlé de surréalisme et du sens de l’humanité. Je travaille toujours et c'est mon projet : le monde, les gens, la folie, l'amour.
9. Si la PEC pouvait contribuer à protéger les journalistes et les professionnels des médias dans les situations de conflit, que diriez-vous ? Dans les situations de conflit, qu'aimeriez-vous qu'elle fasse pour faire la différence ?
Avec autant de conflits, la PEC devrait pouvoir être identifiée par les journalistes en situation difficile dans les zones de conflit pour les aider. J'ai été dans des situations très désagréables où j'ai dû me débrouiller tout seul, même le gouvernement ne nous a pas aidés.


05.05.2022. Interview with Spanish photographer Guillermo Cervera: “I have covered the stupidity of the human race”.

Guillermo Cervera is a Spanish photographer named "the outsider of photojournalism" by Vice Magazine. He has covered, among other subjects, numerous wars and conflicts for more than 20 years, and has published his photos in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, El Mundo, El País, La Vanguardia, among others. He not only worked as a photographer and journalist in difficult areas, but he was also attacked several times because of his media position: in Chad where he was detained and tortured, in the Egyptian revolution where he was attacked by the police, in Libya,
he was next to photographers Tim Hetherington and Chris Hondros, when they were killed by a mortar aimed at them. For Guillermo Cervera, a war is necessarily linked to risk and it is important for journalists who go to war to be aware of this.


1. Suzanne Halal (PEC). You have photographed many crisis events around the world, can you name the crises and conflicts you have covered?
Guillermo Cervera. I have covered many, many crises, but if I were to sum them up in a few words: I have covered the stupidity of the human race.
2. Is there one person that has made a particular impression on you?
The worst photograph I haven't taken is the one I haven't seen.
3. You yourself have been the victim of attacks, can you tell us about these situations?
I have been the victim of many attacks. When you go to areas where there are problems or conflicts or wars, you always have attacks. In the end, journalists are not part of the war and it is not our story.
story. Everyone has their own war in their head.
4. What risks do you think are specific to war photographers?
There are many risks. In a war, the photographer who then plays the victim when something happens, when he is kidnapped, when he has a serious problem, it is hypocrite because we all know where we are going: to a place full of circumstances and coincidences that can affect us because we go there.
5. Your photographs are very "intense", how do you manage to relate this, especially in a difficult situation?
What you try to do when you go to any place, a war or a party, is to observe, observe, observe. A mistake that I made at the beginning of photography is something that I think happens to a lot of people, it is that we try to focus on a pre-determined image made by someone else and we miss out on everything else. I think that to tell something with real intensity you have to be yourself, try to tell what impresses you about this whole scenario, and look around and draw your own conclusions.
6. What should be done to improve the situation of war photographers and media personnel in general in these conflicts?
What a difficult question! Make them (the journalists) aware of the mess they are lying to themselves when they go to such a place.
7. What do you think about the situation of photographers and journalists in Ukraine? Do you have an opinion about the professionals on the ground?
You just asked me the million dollar question. It reminds me of when I was in Ethiopia doing a report on a plant called "prosopia", some Ethiopians from this area started to criticise Ethiopians from another area. I thought, madness is general and this world does not listen to anything. The ego loses us all.
8. Do you think you will continue to practice in the near future? If so, to cover what crisis?
I am still working, I feel tied to my camera and I tell everything that happens to me, what happens around me, what I see. I think that one day I will try to give an explanation of how I see the world to describe the madness of the world. Years ago I did a book called La guerra es una piscina (war is a swimming pool) with Placid Garcia Planas which told about surrealism and that sense of
humanity. I'm still working and that's my project: the world, people, madness, love.
9. If the PEC could help to protect journalists and media professionals in conflict situations, what would you say? In conflict situations, what would you like to see to make a difference?
With so many conflicts, the PEC should be able to be identified by journalists in difficult situations in conflict zones to help them. I have been in very unpleasant situations where I had to manage on my own, even the government didn't help us.



02.05.2022. Press Freedom Day 2022 - PEC press release: Brutal deterioration

(French and Spanish after English)

Geneva, 2 May 2022 (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is alarmed at the sharp deterioration of press freedom caused by the war in Ukraine. Since the beginning of the year, 52 media workers have paid with their lives for doing their job. In Russia, the Kremlin's controls have created a regression in media space unprecedented since the communist era.

On the occasion of Press Freedom Day on 3 May, the PEC is making an urgent appeal for a halt to hostilities in Ukraine and for the independence of the media in Russia to be respected.

"The year-on-year increase in the number of journalists affected by violence is 116%, a very worrying development," said PEC President Blaise Lempen. At least 21 media workers have been killed in the fighting in just over two months of war in Ukraine, many others were wounded, kidnapped, are missing, were threatened, hacked, forced to cease their work.

Access to the war zones in Ukraine is increasingly difficult and dangerous due to the volatile nature of the fighting. Some military units do not distinguish between civilians and combatants. PEC strongly condemns indiscriminate attacks targeting civilians.

"The war in Ukraine, as it was the case in Syria from 2011 to 2019, shows once again the difficulties of testifying for media representatives, in the absence of respect for humanitarian law," denounced Blaise Lempen. The PEC hopes that the investigations carried out by several bodies will shed light on these crimes and that the justice system will be able to do its work impartially.

Russian journalists have also been injured in the fighting, but they have no freedom to report on the situation in the Russian-controlled territories. The measures taken by the authorities in Moscow against independent reporting are a big step backwards. Russian authorities should stop persecuting members of the press for allegedly spreading false information on the war in Ukraine. It is necessary to help Russian journalists who have been able to redeploy abroad.

Support for local Ukrainian media is essential. Many of them do not have the necessary equipment and financial means to continue working in the war zone. They have lost employees who were recruited by the army or who left their home regions for security reasons.

Journée de la liberté de la presse 2022 -  Brutale détérioration

Genève, 2 mai 2022 (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) s’alarme de la brutale détérioration de la liberté de la presse provoquée par la guerre en Ukraine. Depuis le début de l’année, 52 travailleurs des médias ont payé de leur vie l’exercice de leur métier. En Russie, les contrôles mis en place par le Kremlin ont créé une régression de l’espace médiatique sans précédent depuis l’ère communiste.

A l’occasion de la Journée de la liberté de la presse le 3 mai, la PEC lance un appel pressant à l’arrêt des hostilités en Ukraine et au respect de l’indépendance des médias en Russie.

«La hausse du nombre des journalistes victimes de violences d’une année sur l’autre est de 116 %, une évolution très inquiétante», a déclaré le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen. Au moins 21 travailleurs des médias ont été tués dans les combats en un peu plus de deux mois de guerre en Ukraine, beaucoup d’autres ont été blessés, kidnappés, sont portés disparus, ont été menacés, piratés, forcés à abandonner leur travail.

L’accès aux zones de guerre en Ukraine est de plus en plus difficile et dangereux, en raison de la nature volatile des affrontements. Certaines unités militaires ne font pas la différence entre civils et combattants. La PEC condamne fermement les attaques indiscriminées visant des civils.

«La guerre en Ukraine, comme ce fut le cas en Syrie de 2011 à 2019, montre encore une fois les difficultés de témoigner pour les représentants des médias, en l’absence de respect du droit humanitaire», a dénoncé Blaise Lempen. La PEC espère que les enquêtes diligentées par plusieurs organes feront toute la lumière sur ces crimes et que la justice pourra faire son travail de manière impartiale.

Des journalistes russes ont aussi été blessés dans les combats, toutefois ils n’ont aucune liberté de manœuvre pour décrire la situation dans les territoires sous contrôle russe. Les mesures prises par les autorités de Moscou à l’encontre de toute information indépendante sont un grand pas en arrière. Les autorités russes doivent mettre un terme à leurs persécutions des membres de la presse pour répandre prétendument de fausses informations sur la guerre en Ukraine. Il est nécessaire d’aider les journalistes russes qui ont pu se redéployer à l’étranger.

Le soutien aux médias locaux ukrainiens est indispensable. Beaucoup d’entre eux n’ont pas les équipements nécessaires et les moyens financiers pour continuer à travailler en zone de guerre. Ils ont perdu des employés recrutés par l’armée ou ayant quitté leur région d’origine pour des raisons de sécurité.

Día de la Libertad de Prensa 2022 - Deterioro brutal


Ginebra, 2 de mayo de 2022 (PEC).- La Campaña del Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés) está alarmada por el fuerte deterioro de la libertad de prensa causado por la guerra en Ucrania. Desde principios de año, 52 trabajadores de los medios de comunicación han pagado con su vida por hacer su trabajo. En Rusia, los controles del Kremlin han creado una regresión en el espacio mediático sin precedentes desde la época comunista.

Con motivo del Día de la Libertad de Prensa, que se celebra el 3 de mayo, la PEC hace un llamamiento urgente para que cesen las hostilidades en Ucrania y se respete la independencia de los medios de comunicación en Rusia.

"El aumento interanual del número de periodistas afectados por la violencia es del 116%, un hecho muy preocupante", ha declarado el presidente de la PEC, Blaise Lempen. Al menos 21 trabajadores de los medios de comunicación han muerto en los combates en poco más de dos meses de guerra en Ucrania, muchos más resultaron heridos, fueron secuestrados, han desaparecido, fueron amenazados, hackeados, obligados a abandonar sus trabajos.

El acceso a las zonas de guerra en Ucrania es cada vez más difícil y peligroso debido a la naturaleza volátil de los combates. Algunas unidades militares no distinguen entre civiles y combatientes. La PEC condena enérgicamente los ataques indiscriminados contra civiles.

"La guerra en Ucrania, al igual que ocurrió en Siria entre 2011 y 2019, muestra una vez más las dificultades de testificar para los representantes de los medios de comunicación, en ausencia de respeto al derecho humanitario", denunció Blaise Lempen. La PEC espera que las investigaciones llevadas a cabo por varios organismos arrojen luz sobre estos delitos y que la justicia pueda hacer su trabajo de forma imparcial.

Los periodistas rusos también han resultado heridos en los combates, pero no tienen libertad para informar sobre la situación en los territorios controlados por Rusia. Las medidas adoptadas por las autoridades de Moscú contra la información independiente son un gran paso atrás. Las autoridades rusas deben poner fin a la persecución de miembros de la prensa por la supuesta difusión de información falsa sobre la guerra en Ucrania. Es necesario ayudar a los periodistas rusos que han podido recolocarse en el extranjero.

El apoyo a los medios de comunicación locales ucranianos es esencial. Muchos de ellos no tienen el equipo ni los medios económicos necesarios para seguir trabajando en la zona de guerra. Han perdido empleados que fueron reclutados por el ejército o que abandonaron sus regiones de origen por razones de seguridad.

23.04.2022. UKRAINE. 5th report on the State of Media in Ukraine during the War (April 12-22) – The besieged and destroyed Ukrainian Mariupol in the spotlight


by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine


Lviv (Ukraine), 22 April 2022. 


Key Ukrainian topics in the media: Russian warship and Mariupol


The first big news story for both Ukrainian and world media was the death of the flagship of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea “Moskva" (literally "Moscow"), allegedly from Ukrainian missiles. Until now, neither the exact number of dead Russian sailors, nor the exact circumstances of the sinking of the warship are known. But the fact of the destruction of the craft is recognized by both sides of the war. 


The second dramatic line concerns the besieged Ukrainian city of Mariupol in the south of the country. Russian troops control almost the entire territory of the city, except for the industrial zone of the Azovstal metallurgical plant. According to the mayor of the city, Vadym Boychenko, there are still over 1,000 civilians and several hundred Ukrainian soldiers in the basements of the plant.


Both stories, as well as the lack of information about what is happening in the Russian-occupied territories in southern Ukraine, raise the difficult issue of access to truthful information during the war. Journalists often have to blindly rely on the words of their sources, since it is impossible to verify information under conditions of war or occupation. This makes journalists and their audiences vulnerable to propaganda.


Investigative journalists are the best at this challenge, thanks to their skills in analyzing social networks, satellite images, documents, databases, and previously verified sources. 


The death toll of media persons in the war is on the rise


Already 21 journalists and media persons were killed (local and international both), dozens wounded. 


The list of killed journalists in the line of duty:


  1. Yevhen Sakun, cameraman of LIVE TV channel (died on March 1 during the Russian rocket attack on the TV tower in Kyiv);

  2. Brent Renaud, a former correspondent for The New York Times (shot dead by Russians on March 13 in Irpen at a checkpoint);

  3. Pierre Zakrzewski, cameraman for Fox News, an Irish citizen (killed on March 14 during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  4. Oleksandra Kuvshynova, Ukrainian producer, journalist (killed on March 14 together with Pierre Zakrzewski during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  5. Oksana Baulina, a journalist for Russia's The Insider and Oleksiy Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation (killed on March 23 during an Russian shelling in Kyiv while performing an editorial assignment).

  6. Dilerbek Shakirov, a civilian journalist of the information weekly "Around You" (was shot dead by Russians at a blockpost in the suburbs of Kherson on February 26)

  7. Viktor Diedov, cameraman of Sigma TV from Mariupol (died on March 11 as a result of shelling of his house)

  8. Maks Levin, famous Ukrainian photojournalist, has not been heard from since 13 March, when he was reporting in the Vyshgorod district, north of Kyiv. On April 2 he was found dead in the Kyiv region in places of massacre of civilians.

  9. Eugene Bal, 78 yo journalism veteran, died near Mariupol on April 2. He was kidnapped and tortured by the Russian military for three days in late March. After his release, his health deteriorated and he died.

  10. Olexander Lytkin, journalist dtp.kiev.ua. The circumstances of his death are unknown. His name among the dead was published by the office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine without details. 

  11. Roman Nezhyborets, video technician was killed in the Ukrainian village of Yahidne. His body was found by Ukrainian volunteers on 6 April after Russian troops withdrew from the area. Nezhyborets’ body had gunshot wounds in the knees and his hands were tied. 

  12. Zoreslav Zamoysky, local residents in Bucha found his body on a street in the city in early April, according to statements by the Ukrainian National Union of Journalists (NUJU) and the Irpin city council. Those sources did not state the exact date his body was found. 


Journalists who were killed not in the line of duty (as soldiers or volunteers).

  1. Victor Dudar, who was a military journalist and served as a part of the Armed forces, was killed in battle on March 6, near Mykolaiv.

  2. Oleg Yakunin, the editor of the Zaporizhia site Misto.zp.ua, was killed in battle on March 25 on military service. 

  3. Yuriy Oliynyk,  the operator of the 24th channel was killed in battle on March 23 in the Luhansk oblast, near Popasna. Yuriy was a volunteer in the 24 separate mechanized brigade named after King Danylo.

  4. Pasha Lee, Ukrainian actor and TV host, has been killed by shelling in the city of Irpin.

  5. Serhyi Pushenko, graphic artist and painter who worked with media, killed by Russian sabotage and reconnaissance groups in Kyiv region on 2 March.

  6. Sergey Zaikovsky, publicist and translator who worked with media, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March. 

  7. Denis Kotenko, one of press-officers of the Ministry of Veterans Affairs, killed in Kyiv region on 24 March.


Killed media persons (people who are connected with the media, but were not directly journalists):

  1. Mantas Kvedaravičius, Lithuanian documentary filmmaker and director of the Mariupol film about the war in Donbass, died on April 3 in Mariupol.

  2. Lilia Gumyanova, a journalism teacher was killed by Russian shelling in Mariupol on March 19.


Freedom of speech in Ukraine


In our last reports, we wrote how Ukrainian authorities have tightened control over the media in Ukraine during a war time.


Unfortunately, the situation remains the same. Three national news channels with varying ties to former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko have been taken off the digital air. They continue to broadcast on satellite, cable networks and online, but have lost, according to various estimates, from 20 to 40 percent of their audience.

(Disclosure: the report's author also works for a TV channel that has been taken offline from digital broadcasting)


Other national news channels (both private and public) work together and create the United News. These news are broadcast on the frequencies of at least six TV channels and at least one radio station, as well as on the public services digital platform Diia.


Thus, the Ukrainian authorities may be trying to reduce the intensity of criticism after possible truce agreements with Russia. At the same time, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky limits the media influence of his political rival, former President Poroshenko.


Another problem is the crisis of local media in Ukraine. Because of the war, many local newsrooms from the east and south of the country were forced to leave for safer western regions. Some of the journalists went to defend their homeland in the army, the other part changed their profession or temporarily stopped working and solves everyday problems associated with relocation. 


According to Eugene Zaslavsky, executive director of the Media Development Foundation, a non-governmental organization, today local media need not only material support and help with relocation. Such editorial offices are losing contact with the communities that they wrote about earlier, they are losing access to sources and their qualified personnel. And new employees of such editorial offices often need intensive training.


It is especially difficult for publications from the territories occupied by Russia to work. But even after the liberation of such territories, the material and technical base of such media is destroyed, and their work is complicated for various reasons. For example, because of the mined lands in previously peaceful cities.


Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)


His first report was published on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5 April 2022, fourth on 11 April (read below)



16.04.2022. BANGLADESH. PEC demands punishment to Bangladesh scribe killers

by Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global body for media safety and rights, condemns the murder of  Bangladeshi 
journalist MohiuddinSarker Nayeem (28) and demands exemplary punishments to the perpetrators. In an earlier statement, 
the PEC expressed its serious concern over the sharp rise in journalists killed across the world this year.

Mentionable is that Cumilla-based journalist  Mohiuddin was shot deaby suspected drug smugglers on 14 April 2022. His family
 members claimed that Mohiuddin used to report about the drug trafficking inhis locality. The Bangladesh police forces received 
a lot of inputs from Mohiuddin about the movement of drug peddlers.

Son of a retired policeman,  Mohiuddin was associated with the local Bengali newspaper ‘Dainik Cumillar Dak’ and for some time 
he  also worked for Ananda television news channel.  He was targeted by gunmen at Pachora area near to Hyderabadnagar 
on Wednesday midnight and later succumbed to injuries in the hospital.

“So far in 2022, globally we have lost 45 journalists to assailants.This is a dramatic rise and very worrying as the number of journalists
killed last year was 79. The war in Ukraine,  the conflict triggered by Russia, has claimed 15 victims among media workers and
over 20 journalists sustained injuries. On the other hand,  Mexico witnesses the murder of  9 journalists till date,” 

said PEC president Blaise Lempen.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria lamented that a young Bengali scribe had to lose his life on the eve of Bangladesh
 New Year. Local journalists have demonstrated their anger against the murder in front of Cumilla Press Club on Friday 
demanding exemplary punishment to the killers. Lately, four individuals have been arrested by the police suspecting their 
involvement with Mohiuddin’s cold-blooded murder.

Bangladesh’s eastern neighbour Myanmar has also lost one journalist(Pu Tui Dim) to military atrocities, where as its western 
neighbour India (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini and Juned Khan Pathan) and also Pakistan 
(Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen) witnessed the murder of three scribes each since 1 January 2022. 

12.04.2022. UKRAINE. 4th report on the State of Media in Ukraine during the War (April 5-11) – Preparations for the upshot the Russian-Ukrainian war in the Donbass


by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine


Lviv (Ukraine), 12 April 2022. After Russian troops failed to capture Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, Russia is preparing to strike a second powerful blow against the neighboring country: an attack in the east in the Donbass region. Moscow has been controlling part of this region through a proxy since 2014, and now the Russians will try to expand the zone under their control as much as the Ukrainian army and the international community will allow them to. The battle for Donbass may be the final chord of this war, depending on its outcome.


Military experts expect large-scale battles in this region in the coming days. And, of course, foreign journalists will try to record this battle for history. If you are not a professional military reporter, do not know how to provide first aid, do not have a bulletproof vest and a helmet, then do not try to go to Donbass in the coming days. This is extremely dangerous.


It is dangerous to work not only in the east (Donetsk and Luhansk regions), but also in southern Ukraine (Kherson region, southern Zaporozhye region, eastern Mykolaiv region), where Russia controls large areas.


The most dangerous place today is Mariupol, a port city with a pre-war population of about 450,000 on the shores of the Sea of Azov, which Russian troops wiped off the map with artillery shelling. Active fighting is still going on in the city. According to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, tens of thousands of civilians have died in Mariupol. We cannot verify this claim, but people who managed to get out of Mariupol speak of numerous deaths of civilians there.


The death toll of journalists in the war is on the rise


47 days after the Russian invasion, 13 journalists (three into military service) were killed (local and international both), dozens wounded. One journalism teacher and one documentary filmmaker also were killed.


The list of killed journalists in the line of duty:

  1. Yevhen Sakun, cameraman of LIVE TV channel (died on March 1 during the Russian rocket attack on the TV tower in Kyiv);

  2. Brent Renaud, a former correspondent for The New York Times (shot dead by Russians on March 13 in Irpen at a checkpoint);

  3. Pierre Zakrzewski, cameraman for Fox News, an Irish citizen (killed on March 14 during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  4. Oleksandra Kuvshynova, Ukrainian producer, journalist (killed on March 14 together with Pierre Zakrzewski during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  5. Oksana Baulina, a journalist for Russia's The Insider and Oleksiy Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation (killed on March 23 during an Russian shelling in Kyiv while performing an editorial assignment).

  6. Dilerbek Shakirov, a civilian journalist of the information weekly "Around You" (was shot dead by Russians at a blockpost in the suburbs of Kherson on February 26)

  7. Viktor Diedov, cameraman of Sigma TV from Mariupol (died on March 11 as a result of shelling of his house)

  8. Maks Levin, famous Ukrainian photojournalist, has not been heard from since 13 March, when he was reporting in the Vyshgorod district, north of Kyiv. On April 2 he was found dead in the Kyiv region in places of massacre of civilians.

  9. Eugene Bal, 78 yo journalism veteran, died near Mariupol on April 2. He was kidnapped and tortured by the Russian military for three days in late March. After his release, his health deteriorated and he died.


Journalists who were killed not in the line of duty (as soldiers or volunteers).

  1. Victor Dudar, who was a military journalist and served as a part of the Armed forces, was killed in battle on March 6, near Mykolaiv.

  2. Oleg Yakunin, the editor of the Zaporizhia site Misto.zp.ua, was killed in battle on March 25 on military service. 

  3. Yuriy Oliynyk,  the operator of the 24th channel was killed in battle on March 23 in the Luhansk oblast, near Popasna. Yuriy was a volunteer in the 24 separate mechanized brigade named after King Danylo.


Other killed people who are connected with the media, but were not directly journalists:


  • Mantas Kvedaravičius, Lithuanian documentary filmmaker and director of the Mariupol film about the war in Donbass, died on April 3 in Mariupol.

  • Lilia Gumyanova, a journalism teacher was killed by Russian shelling in Mariupol on March 19.


PEC monitors the situation with freedom of speech in Ukraine


In our last reports dated March 28 and April 5, we wrote that the Ukrainian authorities have tightened control over the work of the media in Ukraine. In particular, they tried to unite all socio-political and news TV channels into one channel, United News. At the same time, the authorities did not grant such a privilege to several TV channels that are fully or partially associated with former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.


These TV channels continued to broadcast via satellite, online and on cable networks. However, the authorities turned off their retransmission through amplifiers, which reduced their audience by 10-20% (data from the Espreso TV channel).


The attack on freedom of speech, even during the war, caused discontent among Ukrainian society. Representatives of the scientific and cultural spheres issued an open letter to the Ukrainian authorities with a demand to resume the rebroadcasting of Espreso, Pryamiy and Channel 5 TV channels. The Media Movement initiative and the local Commission on Journalistic Ethics also made a statement. Human rights activists and reformers made other appeals in defense of the TV channels.


The affected TV channels are planning to sue the State Concern for Radio and Television, which turned off the rebroadcasting of the TV signal.


Media for Ukrainian migrants appear in the European Union


The German TV channel RTL Television has launched news releases in Ukrainian, and many European newspapers have previously come out with publications in Ukrainian. Ukrainian TV channels are negotiating retransmission in the networks of cable operators in Europe, and the public Ukrainian radio has agreed on retransmission in Lithuania.


Since the massive Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, more than 4.5 million Ukrainians have left the country, according to the UN. In total, according to various estimates, from 37 to 42 million people lived in Ukraine before the war (a population census has not been conducted in the country since 2001).


Official Russian media denies the existence of the Ukrainian nation


A great resonance in Ukraine was caused by the publication on the state Russian website RIA Novosti an article "What Russia should do with Ukraine" from April, 3. In this text, the author writes that "denazification will inevitably also be de-Ukrainization" and that "the name Ukraine cannot be preserved," and new republics must appear in the place of present-day Ukraine.


Such an article on the mainstream Russian state resource leaves no room for doubt that the ultimate goal of the Russian military campaign is the destruction of Ukraine as a country and Ukrainians as a nation.


The article came out on the same day that the world learned about the Russian atrocities in Bucha near Kyiv.


President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky called this article "one of the evidence at the future tribunal against Russian war criminals."


Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)

His first report was published on 19 March 2022, the second on 28 March 2022, the third on 5 April 2022 (read below)



09.04.2022. MYANMAR. More Burmese scribes imprisoned, PEC denounces military action

By Nava Thakuria, PEC south-east Asia Representative

Geneva, Switzerland: As the dictators of Myanmar (also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) and military courts continue to detain and imprison journalists, Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) expresses annoyance over the military junta’s actions. The Geneva-based global media safety & rights body urges the international community to support the Burmese media fraternity at this time of crisis.

Local media outlets report that three journalists were imprisoned by the court under sedition charges in the first week of April 2022. Ma Lwe Am Phaung, a female television scribe at Shwe Phee Myay news agency of Shan State was imprisoned on 7 April. Another Shan State-based journalist Khaing Myint Tun (alias Shwe Lin Thit) was sentenced to jail  same day by the court. Earlier on 5 April, a Mandalay-based scribe Win Naing Oo was imprisoned by the court.


Days back, freelance journalists Zaw Linn Htut (alias Phoe Thar), Myanmar Herald reporter Ye Yint Tun, MFP news agency video editor Aung Zaw Zaw, Mizzima News correspondent Than Htike Aung, Kamayut media news agency founder Han Thar Nyein, etc were sentenced to jail for  opposing the military dictatorship in Myanmar. More than 130 journalists have been detained
since the 1 February coup and 50 are still behind the bars.


“Journalists across Myanmar have been forced into hiding as the military rulers of Naypietaw continue its anti-media crackdown. Even though the junta argues that they are working under the guidelines of prescribed laws, the protesting voices have been targeted by the men in uniform,” said Blaise Lampen, president of PEC.


PEC’s south-east Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that the military junta has made it very difficult for the professional
journalists in Myanmar. The generals have forgotten to respect the press and gone with all negative activities like cancelling permits of many media outlets and personally targeting the active media workers, some of whom had even left for neighbouring countries.


05.04.2022. UKRAINE. 3rd PEC report on the State of Media in Ukraine during the War (March 28 - April 4) – Collection of evidence on the massacre in Bucha

by Andrii Ianitsky, PEC representative in Ukraine

Lviv (Ukraine), 5 April 2022. After the Russian military left the Kyiv region, Ukrainian troops discovered mass graves there. Massacre in Bucha city attracted a lot of attention from journalists. On April 3 and 4, hundreds of foreign journalists arrived in Kyiv to record these crimes for the world community. On April 4, President Volodymyr Zelenski met with journalists.

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) stresses that journalists are key players, they are witnesses. They can contribute to the collection of evidence, which may be used in court at a later stage. Documentation of the crimes on the ground can help the justice efforts under way to identify the perpetrators. To do their job independently they need protection.

Foreign journalists should be careful while working in areas that have recently been liberated from Russian occupiers. All the forests and roadsides there are mined, the sappers and deminers must first do their job.

It is also unsafe to work in the east of Ukraine in the Lugansk and Donetsk regions. Russian troops are starting a new offensive in this area and the front can move very quickly to where there are still no Russians today. As we already wrote, many Ukrainian journalists ended up in Russian-occupied territories. The usual practice in such cases for Russians is to ban all Ukrainian media. However, journalists continue to write about the situation in the occupation on an anonymous basis for independent Ukrainian and international media.

PEC condemns the killing of Maks Levin

40 days after the Russian invasion, 9 journalists (one into military service) were killed (local and international both), dozens wounded, two were kidnapped by the occupiers. One journalism teacher and one documentary filmmaker also were killed.

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) condemns the killing of Ukrainian photojournalist, documentary photographer Maks Levin (40) found dead near the village of Huta Mezhyhirska in Kyiv region on Friday. He left four minor sons, a wife, and elderly parents.

Maks, accompanied by Oleksiy Chernyshov, a serviceman and former photographer, went to Huta Mezhyhirska on March 13 to document the consequences of the Russian aggression. They left a car and headed towards the village of Moshchun. Since then, the connection with both men was lost. Later it became known that intense fighting broke out in the area where Maks was going to work. The whereabouts and fate of Oleksiy Chernyshov have not been established yet, according to LB.ua, for which Levin worked for more than 10 years.

According to the preliminary information released by the press service of the Prosecutor General's Office, unarmed Levin was killed with two shots from small arms by servicemen of the Russian Armed Forces. The case over violation of laws and customs of war (Article 438 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) was opened. The pre-trial investigation is underway, measures are being taken to establish all the circumstances of the crime.

Maks Levin also contributed for Reuters, BBC, TRT World, Associated Press, Hromadske. His photos were published by the Wall Street Journal, TIME, Breaking news Poland, EU AGENDA, World news, The Moscow Time, Korrespondent.net, ELLE, TV-24, Radio Bulgaria, Ukraine Crisis Media center, Vatican news, RFE/RL. In addition to journalism, Levin created dozens of photo and video projects for humanitarian organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO), UN, UNICEF, OSCE, UN Women.

Ukrainian authorities continue pressure on uncontrolled media

In our last report dated March 28, we wrote that the Ukrainian authorities have tightened control over the work of journalists in Ukraine. In particular, they imposed restrictions on filming the results of missile strikes, infrastructure facilities and military installations. They also tried to unite all socio-political and news TV channels into one channel, United News.

However, such actions of the Ukrainian authorities caused rejection on the part of journalists and specialized organizations that protect the media. 

On March 30, a closed meeting of journalists and representatives of the Ministry of Culture and Information Policy and the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine was held in Kyiv. Following this discussion, both ministries issued a joint statement in support of journalists. And although there is little specificity in the statement itself, journalists note an improvement in communication with the military last week.

On April 4, the authorities cut off digital air broadcasting from Espreso, Pryamiy and Channel 5, which had been critical of President Volodymyr Zelensky before the war. The channels continue to broadcast on cable networks and vis satellite, as well as on the Internet.

Ukraine expelled a Dutch journalist

On April 3, the Security Service of Ukraine forcibly expelled Dutch journalist Robert Dulmers from Ukraine. The journalist was deprived of his accreditation and expelled for violating the requirements for publishing photos and videos of the results of the rocket attack on Odessa. Robert Dulmers posted videos and photos of the shelling on his Twitter account immediately after the missile strikes.

His publications contained information that makes it possible to identify the exact location of the missile strikes. This allows the Russian artillery to adjust their sights and strike again or report a successful hit.

Earlier the Security Service of Ukraine urged journalists not to take photos and videos of the explosions, not to disseminate information about the places of shelling and where enemy missiles are flying until the official sources said it.

Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)

His first report was published on 19 March 2022, his second on 28 March 2022 (read below)


04.04.2022. Sharp rise in journalists killed in three months

(French and Spanish after English) (List of victims on Casualties)

Geneva, April 4, 2022 (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is alarmed by the large number of journalists killed in the first three months of 2022. The year-on-year increase is 153% with 38 victims in 15 countries since January (3 per week) compared to 15 deaths in the same period last year.

"This dramatic rise is very worrying, while the number of journalists killed had decreased in previous years. The war in Ukraine and the rampant criminality in Mexico are the main reasons of this appalling deterioration", said PEC President Blaise Lempen.

In Ukraine, the conflict triggered by Russia has already claimed 9 victims among media workers, and nearly 20 journalists have been injured. In addition at least 10 others were detained. "We urge the belligerents to put an immediate end to the war, to avoid a Syrian-style scenario with dozens of casualties in a protracted conflict," said PEC president. 

Russian and Ukrainian authorities must ensure that journalists are not targeted while covering the ongoing fighting and that they can work freely. The circumstances of each death must be independently clarified and those responsible must be brought to justice.

In three months, Mexico with 9 victims has almost reached its toll for the whole of last year (10 killed). "The authorities must fight much harder against impunity and search more actively for those responsible for these murders and their sponsors", stressed Blaise Lempen.

Haiti has seen an increase in violence with 3 journalists killed. India and Pakistan followed with 3 victims in each country. Two media workers were killed in Yemen.

PEC also recorded one victim in each of the following countries: Brazil, Chad, Guatemala, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Philippines, Turkey and the United States.

In light of this very worrying deterioration, PEC has renewed its call to the United Nations for the adoption of an international convention strengthening the protection of journalists with investigation and prosecution mechanisms. By 2021, 79 media workers had been killed and 92 by 2020.

Forte hausse des journalistes tués en trois mois

Genève, 4 avril 2022 (PEC) La PEC (Presse Emblème Campagne) est alarmée par le grand nombre de journalistes tués au cours des trois premiers mois de 2022. La hausse atteint 153% d’une année sur l’autre avec 38 victimes dans 15 pays depuis janvier (3 par semaine) contre 15 morts pour la même période de l’an dernier.

«Cette augmentation dramatique est très préoccupante, alors que le nombre de journalistes tués avait diminué les années précédentes. La guerre en Ukraine et la criminalité galopante au Mexique sont les principaux responsables de cette détérioration consternante», a déclaré le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

En Ukraine, le conflit déclenché par la Russie a déjà fait 9 victimes parmi les travailleurs des médias, et près de 20 journalistes ont été blessés. En outre, au moins dix autres ont été détenus. «Nous exhortons les belligérants à mettre un terme immédiatement à la guerre, pour éviter un scénario à la syrienne avec des dizaines de victimes dans un conflit prolongé», a affirmé le président de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

Les autorités russes et ukrainiennes doivent s’assurer que les journalistes ne sont pas visés en couvrant les combats en cours et qu’ils peuvent travailler librement. Les circonstances de chaque mort devront être élucidées de manière indépendante et leurs responsables jugés.

En trois mois, le Mexique avec 9 victimes a presque atteint le bilan de l’ensemble de l’année dernière (10 tués). «Les autorités doivent lutter avec beaucoup plus de fermeté contre l’impunité et rechercher plus activement les responsables de ces meurtres et leurs commanditaires», a affirmé Blaise Lempen.

Haïti a connu une augmentation de la violence avec 3 morts parmi les journalistes. L’Inde et le Pakistan suivent avec 3 victimes dans chaque pays. Deux travailleurs des médias ont été tués au Yémen.

La PEC a aussi recensé une victime dans chacun de ces pays : Brésil, États-Unis, Guatemala, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Philippines, Tchad, Turquie.

Compte tenu de cette détérioration très préoccupante, la PEC a lancé à l’ONU un nouvel appel à l’adoption d’une convention internationale renforçant la protection des journalistes avec des mécanismes d’enquête et de poursuite. En 2021, 79 travailleurs des médias avaient été tués et 92 en 2020.


Fuerte aumento de periodistas asesinados en tres meses

Ginebra, 4 de abril de 2022 (PEC).- La PEC (Press Emblem Campaign) está alarmada por la gran cantidad de periodistas asesinados en los tres primeros meses de 2022. La subida alcanza el 153% interanual con 38 víctimas en 15 países desde enero (tres a la semana), frente a 15 muertos por el mismo período del año anterior.

Este aumento dramático es muy preocupante, ya que el número de periodistas asesinados había disminuido en años anteriores. La guerra en Ucrania y el crimen rampante en México son los principales culpables de este espantoso deterioro”, declaró el presidente de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

En Ucrania, el conflicto desatado por Rusia ya se ha cobrado 9 víctimas, y cerca de 20 periodistas han resultado heridos. Además, al menos otras diez han sido detenidas.“Instamos a los beligerantes a poner fin de inmediato a la guerra, para evitar un escenario al estilo sirio con decenas de víctimas en un conflicto prolongado”, pidió el presidente de la PEC.

Las autoridades rusas y ucranianas deben garantizar que los periodistas no sean atacados al cubrir los combates en curso y que puedan trabajar libremente. Hay que aclarar las circunstancias de cada muerte independientemente y llevar a los responsables ante la justicia.

En tres meses, México, con 9 víctimas casi llega al balance de todo el año pasado (10 muertos). "Las autoridades deben luchar con mucha más firmeza contra la impunidad y buscar más activamente a los responsables de estos asesinatos y a sus patrocinadores", dijo Lempen.

Haití ha visto un aumento de la violencia con 3 periodistas asesinados. Le siguen India y Pakistán con 3 víctimas en cada país. Dos trabajadores de los medios han sido asesinados en Yemen.

La PEC también identificó una víctima en cada uno de estos países : Brasil, Chad, Estados Unidos, Filipinas, Guatemala, Honduras, Kazajstán, Myanmar, Turquía.

Ante este preocupante deterioro, la PEC ha lanzado un nuevo llamado a la ONU para la adopción de una convención internacional que refuerce la protección de los periodistas con mecanismos de investigación y enjuiciamiento. En 2021, 79 trabajadores de los medios fueron asesinados y 92 en 2020.


01.04.2022. PEC condemns the continuing violence targeting the media in Yemen

French and Arabic after English

By Suzanne Halal, PEC Representative for the Middle East

Geneva, April 1, 2022 (PEC) Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) condemns the continuing violence targeting the media in Yemen. In Yemen, journalists face the dangers of war and air strikes, they are also targeted by the ruling parties and suffer attacks from the Houthis, Al Qaeda, and the government. Since 2014, between 38 and 45 journalists have been killed (identified and including war photographers, media professionals and journalists), according to PEC research. At least 16 journalists are currently in detention/kidnapped.

According to the Human Rights Office of the High Commissionner, the number of abuses and human rights violations against journalists reaches 357, including 45 physical assaults and 184 arbitrary arrests.

Recently, the conflict in Yemen has again appeared in the press, with the Houthi attack Friday, March 25 in Saudi Arabia on several oil locations of Saudi Aramco, and the response of the Kingdom with an air strike in southern Yemen, on Ras Eissa, also on the Hodiedah province, and on military sites in the capital Sana'a, according to Al-Masirah TV, a channel run by the Houthis.

And yet, we rarely hear what is happening in Yemen, the Forgotten War. We dare to ask ourselves why such an oversight? This war, heavy with consequences, human dramas, civil war since 2011 following the Arab Spring revolutions, has become a regional conflict involving Yemen, Iran, Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, Qatar and some international powers including the United States.

Where are the journalists reporting on Yemen ?

All this would lend itself to media coverage of a humanitarian and diplomatic crisis. Where are the journalists who are reporting on this? This war is one of a systematic aggression against journalists, most of whom have left their jobs. Both the Houthis and the government are using methods of aggression against the media on the ground.

PEC is particularly worried about the situation of four journalists detained since 2015 for spying and false reporting: Abdul Khaleq Amran, Tawfiq Al-Mansouri, Harith Hamid and Akram Al- Walidi.

Deprived of care, visits, tortured, without the right to express their position behind bars and very weakened psychologically and physically, these four journalists saw last Sunday their accusation in court and their possible sentence of execution modified thanks to the fact that they did not carry weapons on them and were not affiliated to a political movement. Their sentence was therefore sent to a different court with an exchange of prisoners, without details on their exact fate after this transfer. Recently, the family of journalist Tawfiq Al-Mansoori had appealed to international organizations to press for his immediate release and to save his life after signs of kidney failure in addition to his asthma, shortness of breath, rheumatism and diabetes.

Most recently, on March 23, 2022, local residents found the body of photojournalist Fawaz Al- Wafi. Al-Wafi had worked as a journalist in local institutions and as a photojournalist in Taiz governorate during the years of war. He was stabbed to death by unknown assailants, in "Wadi Al-Qadi" neighborhood of Taiz city, in southern Yemen.

Sixteen journalists have been kidnapped since 2015 in the country, ten of them "on the absurd grounds that they could potentially provide information that could be used by the Arab coalition for its aerial bombardments." Charged with "collaboration with the enemy," they were tried by the Houthi Special Criminal Court, a body not recognized by the international community.

Others are being held without charge or trial in provinces controlled by the so-called "legitimate" government, such as Muhammad Ali Al-Moqri or in separatist-controlled areas, such as Saleh Musawa (now released).

Online access to media sites has been blocked by the Houthis who have taken control of the Ministry of Telecommunications. Throughout the country, journalists are monitored and can be arrested for posting on social networks.

The situation has worsened

According to two Yemeni journalists in the country and a foreign journalist who visits regularly, who remain anonymous for security reasons, the situation has worsened as the danger is not only from acts of war, but from harassment, arrests, enforced disappearances, killings, physical attacks, psychological attacks, restrictions on livelihoods, exclusions from work, bans on visits by imprisoned journalists, and conflicting authorities that create difficulties in practicing the profession. This includes the difficulty for the press to receive protective tools.

Some foreign journalists continue to visit and cover the conflict, often through press trips organized particularly with the Sana'a Center. The New York Times, BBC and AFP have made separate trips. However, their presence is rare and short-lived, and foreign media delegations rarely reach Houthi-controlled areas, as entry permits come from the coalition and pass through the Houthi-controlled city of Aden. However, there are delegations of journalists belonging to Saudi and Emirati media that arrive in the governorates of Aden, Marib, Hadramout, because the coalition is the one that grants them the permits. There is also the problem of affiliation of many journalists to local militias. The information relayed in the newspapers is therefore very unreliable.

According to the three journalists interviewed by PEC, there is an apparent lack of training in covering hostile events and a discussion with the authorities to press for the protection of journalists and to promote their consideration as members of the community rather than enemies. There is also a need for physical and psychological protection of journalists, which is even more necessary since the suspension of the Yemeni Journalists' Union and the division of the Ministry of Information and its institutions.

Camera, pen and smartphones more dangerous than weapons

«The camera and the pen have become more dangerous than weapons for all sides. The conflict in Yemen has pushed dozens of journalists, and I know many of them, into other occupations such as selling qat, collecting plastic bottles in the streets, carrying stones, farming and other occupations that make their living. Some of them have suffered heart attacks because of their financial situation and lack of access to food», said one journalist interviewed by PEC.

The whole of Yemen, from one end to the other, is dangerous for journalists. When you travel from one governorate to another, the checkpoints search the phones of travelers, including journalists, and they have programs that restore everything that has been deleted, and many have been arrested because of this. Smartphones are the first enemy of the journalist through it, they rank you among all the parties to the conflict you are affiliated with, imprisoned or executed under the charge of treason, even if you joined an anti-WhatsApp group, you don't even know who joined it... and no one will believe that you didn't know about it, he added.

Smartphones have involved reporters, and many have resorted to old non-smartphones, deleted many apps because friend inquiry messages are an unintentional trap, while some resort to deleting any direct conversation after talking to their friend about any topic.

Some of their Yemeni colleagues abroad also report psychological pressure and threats from outside Yemen.

Employees of the Yemen Digital Media agency, which provides media services to television stations, were surprised by security guards and representatives of the Sana'a Specialized Criminal Court of First Instance who arrived at the company's building with a judicial seizure notice that was undated and not marked with a name or seal.

According to Media Landscapes, a joint venture between the Centre for European Journalism and the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, increased shortages of gasoline, electricity, and printing paper have made it more difficult to publish and distribute newspapers. Some websites have had to close down. Journalists' salaries are very low and this reduces the possibility of journalists being able to make a living from their work. Some news bureaus have had to move (after facing direct attacks), or close permanently, especially independent media.

Some names of journalists killed: Awab al-Zubiry; Mubarak al-Abadi from Nabaa media Foundation; freelance Mohammed Ghalib al-Majidi; Ahmed al-Shaibani from Yemen News; Hashim al-Hamran from al-Masirah TV; freelance Almigdad Mojalli; Bilal Sharaf al-Deen from al Masirah TV; Abdullah Qabil from Yemen Youth TV; Youssef al-Ayzari from Suhai TV; Mohamed Shamsan from Yemen Today; Khaled al-Washli from al-Masirah TV; freelance Luke Somers (the only American listed); Hassan al-Wadhaf from Arabic Media Agency; Jamal al- Sharabi from Al-Masdar; Muhammad al-Rabou'e from Al-Qahira.


La PEC condamne la poursuite des violences visant les médias au Yémen


Par Suzanne Halal, représentante de la PEC pour le Moyen-Orient

Genève, 1er avril 2022 (PEC) La PEC condamne la poursuite des violences visant les médias au Yémen. Les journalistes font face aux dangers de la guerre et des frappes aériennes, ils sont également la cible des partis en place et subissent des attaques des Houthis, d’Al Qaeda, et du gouvernement. Depuis 2014, entre 38 et 45 journalistes ont été tués (identifiés and incluant les photographes de guerre, les professionnels de la presse et les journalistes). Au moins 16 sont actuellement en détention ou kidnappés.

Selon le Haut Commissariat aux droits de l’homme, 357 abus et violations des droits humains à l’encontre des journalistes ont été recensés, dont 45 agressions physiques et 184 arrestations arbitraires.

Ces derniers jours, le conflit au Yémen est de nouveau apparu dans la presse, avec l’attaque Houthi Vendredi 25 Mars en Arabie Saoudite sur plusieurs emplacements pétroliers de Saudi Aramco, et la réponse du royaume avec une frappe aérienne au Sud du Yémen, sur Ras Eissa, également sur la province Hodiedah, et sur des sites militaires de la capitale Sanaa, d’après Al-Masirah TV, chaîne dirigée par les Houthis.

Et pourtant, on n’entend que trop rarement ce qui se passe au sein du Yémen, la guerre oubliée. Pourquoi un tel oubli? Cette guerre, lourde de conséquences, drames humains, guerre civile depuis 2011 à l’issue des révolutions du printemps arabe, est devenue un conflit régional avec comme acteurs: le Yémen, l’Iran, l’Arabie, les Émirats, le Qatar et certaines puissances internationales dont les États-Unis. Tout cela prêterait donc bien à la couverture médiatique d’une crise humanitaire et diplomatique.

Où sont les journalistes ?

Cette guerre est celle de l’agression systématique des journalistes, qui, pour la plupart, ont quitté leur fonction. Les Houthis comme le gouvernement emploient des méthodes d’agression sur les médias sur place.

La PEC est particulièrement préoccupée par le sort de quatre journalistes détenus depuis 2015 pour espionnages et fausses informations: Abdul Khaleq Amran, Tawfiq Al-Mansouri, Harith Hamid et Akram Al-Walidi. Privés de soins, de visites, torturés, sans le droit à exprimer leur position derrière les barreaux et très affaiblis psychologiquement et physiquement, ces quatre journalistes ont vu dimanche dernier leur accusation au tribunal et leur possible sentence d’exécution modifiées grâce au fait qu’ils ne portaient pas d’armes sur eux et n’étaient pas affiliés à un mouvement politique. Leur jugement a donc été expédié à un tribunal différent avec un échange de prisonniers, sans détail sur leur sort exact après ce transfert.

Récemment, la famille du journaliste Tawfiq Al-Mansoori a lancé un appel aux organisations internationales pour qu'elles fassent pression pour sa libération immédiate et pour lui sauver la vie après des signes d'insuffisance rénale en plus de son asthme, de son essoufflement, de ses rhumatismes et de son diabète.

Tout dernièrement, le 23 mars 2022, des résidents locaux ont retrouvé le corps du photojournaliste Fawaz Al-Wafi. Al-Wafi avait travaillé comme journaliste dans des institutions locales et comme photojournaliste dans le gouvernorat de Taïz pendant les années de guerre. Il a été poignardé à mort par des assaillants inconnus, dans le quartier "Wadi Al-Qadi" de la ville de Taïz, au sud du Yémen.

Quinze journalistes ont été enlevés, depuis 2015 dans le pays, dix d’entre eux “au motif absurde qu’ils pouvaient potentiellement fournir des informations qui pourraient servir à la coalition arabe pour ses bombardements aériens”. Accusés de “collaboration avec l’ennemi”, ils ont été jugés par le Tribunal Pénal Spécial houthi, une instance non reconnue par la communauté internationale.

D’autres sont détenus sans charge ni jugement dans des provinces contrôlées par le gouvernement dit “légitime”, comme Muhammad Ali Al-Moqriou dans les zones contrôlées par les séparatistes, comme Saleh Musawa (aujourd’hui libéré).

L’accès en ligne des sites de media ont été bloqués par les Houthis qui ont pris contrôle du ministère des télécommunications. Partout dans le pays, les journalistes sont surveillés et peuvent être arrêtés pour une publication sur les réseaux sociaux.

La situation s’est encore détériorée

D’après deux journalistes Yéménites dans le pays et un journaliste étranger qui se rend sur place régulièrement, ayant demandé l’anonymat pour des raisons de sécurité, la situation a empiré, car le danger n’est pas seulement celui des actes de guerre, mais le harcèlement, les arrestations, disparitions forcées, assassinats, agressions physiques, agressions psychologiques, restrictions des moyens de subsistance, exclusions du travail, interdiction de visites des journalistes emprisonnés et des autorités conflictuelles qui créent des difficultés pour exercer la profession. Cela inclue la difficulté pour la presse de recevoir des moyens de protection.

Quelqes journalistes étrangers continuent de couvrir le conflit, souvent à travers des voyages de presse organisés particulièrement avec le Centre Sanaa. Le New York Times, la BBC et l’AFP ont effectué des déplacements séparément. Toutefois, leur présence est rare et de courte durée, et les délégations des médias étrangers atteignent rarement les zones sous le contrôle des Houthis, car les permis d'entrée proviennent de la coalition et traversent la ville d'Aden, qui est sous le contrôle des Houthis.

Cependant, il y a des délégations de journalistes appartenant à des médias saoudiens et émiratis qui arrivent dans les gouvernorats d'Aden, Marib, Hadramout, car la coalition est celle qui leur accorde les autorisations. Il y a aussi le problème d’affiliation de beaucoup de journalistes aux milices locales. L’information relayée dans les journaux est donc très peu fiable.

D'après les trois journalistes interrogés, il y a un manque apparent de formation pour la couverture des évènements hostiles et des difficultés dans la discussion avec les autorités pour faire pression sur la protection des journalistes et les considérer comme membres de la communauté et non comme ennemis. Il faudrait également une protection physique et psychologique des journalistes, plus nécessaire encore depuis la suspension du Syndicat des journalistes du Yémen et de la division du ministère de l'Information et de ses institutions.

Appareil photo, stylo et smartphones plus dangereux que les armes

L'appareil photo et le stylo sont devenus plus dangereux que les armes pour toutes les parties. Le conflit au Yémen a poussé des dizaines de journalistes, et j'en connais beaucoup, à exercer d'autres métiers comme vendre du qat, ramasser des bouteilles en plastique dans les rues, transporter des pierres, cultiver leur champ et autres occupations qui leur font gagner leur vie. Certains d'entre eux ont subi des crises cardiaques en raison de leur situation financière et du manque d'accès à la nourriture”, a déclaré un des journalistes interrogés par la PEC.

Tout le Yémen, d'un bout à l'autre, est dangereux pour les journalistes. Lorsque vous voyagez d'un gouvernorat à l'autre, les points de contrôle fouillent les téléphones des voyageurs, notamment des journalistes, et ils ont des programmes qui restaurent tout ce qui a été supprimé, et beaucoup ont été arrêtés à cause de cela. Les smartphones sont le premier ennemi du journaliste : à travers lui, ils vous classent parmi les parties au conflit auxquelles vous êtes affilié, vous emprisonnent ou exécutent sous l'inculpation de trahison. Même si vous avez rejoint un groupe anti-WhatsApp, vous ne savez même pas qui l'a rejoint... et personne ne croira que vous n'en saviez rien », a-t-il ajouté.

Beaucoup ont recours à de vieux téléphones non intelligents, ont supprimé de nombreuses applications parce que les messages d'amis sont un piège involontaire, tandis que certains ont recours à la suppression de toute conversation directe après avoir parlé à leur ami de n'importe quel sujet.

Certains de leurs collègues Yéménites à l’étranger leur rapportent également subir des pressions psychologiques et menaces depuis l’extérieur du Yémen.

Des employés de l’agence Yémen Digital Media, qui fournit des services médiatiques aux chaînes de télévision, ont été surpris par des agents de sécurité et des représentants du tribunal pénal spécialisé de première instance de Sanaa qui sont arrivés dans le bâtiment de l'entreprise avec un avis de saisie judiciaire non daté et non marqué d'un nom ou d'un sceau.

D’après Media Landscapes, née d’une association entre le Centre de Journalisme Européen et le Ministère néerlandais de l’éducation, de la Culture et de la Science, un manque accru d’essence, d’électricité et de papier pour impression ont rendu la publication et la distribution des journaux plus difficiles. Certains sites web ont dû fermer. Les salaires des journalistes sont très réduits et cela réduit la possibilité des journalistes à pouvoir vivre de leur métier. Certains bureaux de presse ont dû changer d’endroits (après avoir fait face à des attaques directes), ou fermer de manière permanente, notamment les médias indépendants.

Des noms de journalistes tués: Awab al-Zubiry; Mubarak al-Abadi from Nabaa media Foundation; freelance Mohammed Ghalib al-Majidi; Ahmed al-Shaibani from Yemen News; Hashim al-Hamran from al-Masirah TV; freelance Almigdad Mojalli; Bilal Sharaf al-Deen from al Masirah TV; Abdullah Qabil from Yemen Youth TV; Youssef al-Ayzari from Suhai TV; Mohamed Shamsan from Yemen Today; Khaled al-Washli from al-Masirah TV; freelance Luke Somers (the only American listed); Hassan al-Wadhaf from Arabic Media Agency; Jamal al-Sharabi from Al-Masdar; Muhammad al-Rabou’e from Al-Qahira.

حملة الشارة لحماية الصحفيين تدين استمرار الانتهاكات التي تستهدف وسائل الإعلام في اليمن


تحرير: سوازان حلال، ممثلة حملة الشارة لحماية الصحفيين لمنطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال افريقيا.


جنيف، 1 ابريل 2022(PEC)


أدانت حملة الشارة لحماية الصحفيين استمرار الانتهاكات التي تستهدف وسائل الإعلام في اليمن. إذ يواجه الصحفيون في اليمن مخاطر الحرب وعمليات القصف الجوي، كما يتعرضون لاستهداف من قبل الأطراف المتصارعة: الحوثيين والقاعدة والحكومة اليمنية. فقد قتل ما بين 38 و45 صحفيا منذ عام 2014، ممن تم التعرف عليهم بما في ذلك مصورين مختصين في الحروب، ومهنيين عاملين في وسائل الإعلام وصحفيين. ويوجد حاليا حوالي 16 معتقلا او مختطفا.


وتشير المفوضية السامية لحقوق الإنسان الى أنه قد تم إحصاء 357 حالة انتهاك لحقوق الإنسان في حق صحفيين من بينها 45 حالة اعتداء جسدي و184 حالة اعتقال تعسفي.


وقد عاد الصراع في اليمن للظهور في الآونة الأخيرة من جديد في وسائل الإعلام بعد الهجوم الحوثي يوم الجمعة 25 مارس على عدة مواقع بترولية لشركة آرامكو في العربية السعودية، وبعد الهجمات الجوية التي ردت بها السعودية والتي استهدفت، جنوب اليمن، ورأس عيسى ومحافظة الحديدية والمواقع العسكرية في العاصمة صنعاء، وفقا لما أوردته قناة المسيرة التلفزيونية التي يديرها الحوثيون.


ومع ذلك نلاحظ أننا لا نسمع إلا القليل عما يحدث في داخل اليمن في هذه الحرب المنسية. لماذا هذا التجاهل؟ إن هذه الحرب التي خلفت الكثير من الدمار والمآسي الإنسانية، هذه الحرب الأهلية التي اشتعلت نارها بعد ثورات الربيع العربي تحولت اليوم الى حرب إقليمية يشارك فيها كل من اليمن وإيران والعربية السعودية والإمارات العربية المتحدة وقطر وبعض القوى الدولية من بينها الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية.


أين هم الصحفيون؟

Anchor كل هذه العوامل التي أشرنا إليها سابقا، من المفروض أن تشجع على حدوث تغطية إعلامية لأزمة إنسانية ودبلوماسية. لكم أين هم الصحفيون؟


إن هذه الحرب هي بمثابة اعتداء منهجي يستهدف الصحفيين بالخصوص، والذين اضطرت غالبيتهم الى التخلي عن مزاولة هذه المهنة. فالحوثيون وكذلك الحكومة يستخدم كل منهما أساليب اعتداء ضد وسائل الإعلام.


وقد أعربت حملة الشارة لحماية الصحفيين عن قلقها بالخصوص فيما يتعلق بمصير أربعة صحفيين معتقلين منذ عام 2015 بتهمة التجسس وترويج معلومات خاطئة: عبد الخالق عمران، توفيق المنصوري، حارث حميد وأكرم الوليدي.


فهؤلاء الصحفيين الأربعة تم حرمانهم من تلقي العلاج وتم تعريضهم للتعذيب، ولم يسمح لهم بعرض وجهة نظرهم أمام المحكمة، وهم يوجدون في وضعية صحية ونفسية متدهورة. وقد تعرفوا يوم الأحد الماضي على محتوى التهم الموجهة لهم وعلى إمكانية تغيير حكم الإعدام المحتمل في حقهم وهذا بسبب كونهم لم يكونوا يحملون أسلحة ولم يكونوا ينتمون الى أي حركة سياسية. وقد تم تحويل محاكمتهم الى محكمة أخرى ضمن عملية تبادل للأسرى بدون تقديم أية تفاصيل عن مصيرهم بعد هذا التحويل.


وكانت عائلة توفيق المنصوري قد وجهت في الآونة الأخيرة نداء للمنظمات الدولية لممارسة بعض الضغوط من أجل الإفراج الفوري عنه ومن أجل انقاذ حياته بعد معاناته من نقص كلوي إضافة الى معاناته من مرض الربو وضيق التنفس ومرض المفاصل ومرض السكري.


وقد عثر مواطنون مؤخرا في 23 مارس 2022 على جثة الصحفي فواز الوافي. وكان الوافي يشتغل كصحفي في مؤسسات إعلامية محلية وكمصور صحفي في محافظة تعز خلال سنوات الحرب. وقد تعرض للطعن حتى الموت من قبل مهاجمين مجهولي الهوية في حي "وادي القاضي" في مدينة تعز بجنوب اليمن.


و قد تم اختطاف 15 صحفي في كامل البلاد منذ 2015، عشرة من بينهم بتهمة سخيفة وهي أنه بإمكانهم تقديم معلومات قد يستفيد منها التحالف العربي في عمليات القصف الجوي التي يقوم بها. وبعد اتهامهم بتهمة "التعاون مع العدو" تمت محاكمتهم من قبل محكمة خاصة تابعة للحوثيين وهي محكمة غير معترف بها من قبل المجموعة الدولية.


وهناك صحفيون آخرون معتقلون بدون محاكمة في المحافظات التي تقع تحت سيطرة الحكومة المسماة ب "الحكومة الشرعية"، مثل محمد علي المقري، او في المناطق الواقعة تحت سيطرة الانفصاليين مثل صالح موسوى (الذي تم الإفراج عنه).

وقد قام الحوثيون بعد استيلائهم على وزارة الاتصالات بقطع إمكانية متابعة وسائل الإعلام عبر شبكة الإنترنت. ويتعرض الصحفيون في كامل أنحاء البلاد للمراقبة وقد يتعرضون للاعتقال بسبب نشر خبر على صفحات وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي.


مزيد من التدهور في الأوضاع

لقد عرفت الأوضاع مزيدا من التدهور، وفقا لشهادة اثنين من الصحفيين اليمنيين في الداخل وصحفي يتردد من حين لآخر على اليمن فضل عدم الإفصاح عن هويته لأسباب امنية، وهذا ليس فقط بسبب مخاطر الحرب بل بسبب المضايقات والاعتقال والاختفاء القسري والقتل والاعتداء الجسدي والاعتداء النفسي والتضييق في مجال الحصول على وسائل العيش ومنع زيارة الصحفيين المعتقلين والطرد من العمل وبسبب السلطات المتصارعة فيما بينها الأمر الذي يعقد إمكانية مزاولة مهنة الصحافة بما في إمكانية الحصول على وسائل الحماية.


هناك بعض الصحفيين الأجانب الذين يواصلون تغطية الصراع في اليمن غالبا من خلال زيارات صحفية يتم تنظيمها بالخصوص مع مركز صنعاء. وقد قامت صحيفة نيويورك تايمز وإذاعة بي بي سي ووكالة الصحافة الفرنسية ببعض الزيارات المتفرقة. ولكن تواجدها في البلد أصبح قليلا ولفترات قصيرة جدا. كما أن بعثات وسائل الإعلام الأجنبية لا تستطيع الوصول الى المناطق التي تقع تحت سيطرة الحوثيين لأن تراخيص الدخول تقدمها قوات التحالف ويجب المرور عبر مدينة عدن التي تقع تحت سيطرة الحوثيين.

ولكن مع ذلك نجد ان بعثات صحفية تابعة لوسائل إعلام سعودية وإماراتية وصلت الى محافظات عدن ومأرب وحضرموت لأن سلطات التحالف هي التي تقدم لها التراخيص. وهناك أيضا مشكلة انتماء العديد من الصحفيين الى الميليشيات المحلية، وهو ما يجعل الأخبار المنقولة عبر الجرائد ليست ذات مصداقية كبيرة.


ووفقا لأقوال الصحفيين الثلاثة الذين استجوتهم حملة شارة حماية الصحفيين، هناك نقص كبير في التكوين في مجال تغطية الصراعات المسلحة وصعوبة النقاش مع السلطات من أجل تقديم حماية للصحفيين واعتبارهم جزءا من المجتمع وليس النظر لهم على أنهم أعداء. وهناك حاجة ماسة الى تقديم حماية جسدية ونفسية للصحفيين أصبحت أكثر إلحاحا منذ حل نقابة الصحفيين في اليمن ومنذ تقسيم وزارة الإعلام ومؤسساتها (بين طرفي النزاع).


آلة التصوير، والقلم، والهاتف النقال أكثر خطورة من الأسلحة

يقول أحد الصحفيين الذين استجوبتهم حملة شارة حماية الصحفيين  " إن آلة التصوير والقلم أصبحا أكثر خطورة من الأسلحة بالنسبة لكل أطراف النزاع. فقد أدى الصراع في اليمن بعشرات الصحفيين، واعرف الكثير منهم، الى تغيير مهنتهم الى بائعي القات او جمع القوارير البلاستيكية في الشوارع أو حمل الأحجار أو زراعة حقولهم او مزاولة اية نشاطات تسمح لهم بـتأمين معيشتهم. وهناك البعض منهم ممن تعرض لسكتة قلبية بسبب أوضاعهم المالية وتعذر الحصول على الغداء".


Anchor وأضاف المتحدث "لقد أصبح اليمن بكامله خطيرا بالنسبة للصحفيين. فعندما تسافر من محافظة الى أخرى يقوم الساهرون على حراسة مناطق المراقبة بتفتيش هواتف المسافرين وبالأخص الصحفيين منهم. ويملكون برامج تسمح لهم باستعادة كل ما تم حذفه من الهاتف. وهناك العديد ممن تم اعتقالهم لهذا السبب. فقد اصح الهاتف الذكي من أكبر أعداء الصحفي: من خلال هذا الهاتف يتم تصنيفك وفقا لطرف النزاع الذي تنتمي إليه، فإما يتم توقيفك او إعدامك بتهمة الخيانة. وحتى لو كنت منظما لمجموعة مناهضة "لواتساب" فإنك لا تدري من أنظم إلى المجموعة ومع ذلك سوف لم يصدقوا بأنك لا تعرف.


لقد أدت الهواتف الذكية الى توريط العديد من الصحفيين. وقد لجأ العديد منهم الى استعمال هواتف غير ذكية قديمة والى حذف العديد من التطبيقات لأن رسائل الأصدقاء أصبحت بمثابة فخ غير مقصود. وهناك من يلجأ لإلغاء اية مكالمات مباشرة بعد التحدث مع الأصدقاء حول موضوع من الموضوعات «.


وقد تحدث بعض الزملاء اليمنيين في الخارج عن تعرضهم لضغوط نفسية وتهديدات من خارج اليمن.


وقد أعرب عمال الوكالة اليمنية للوسائل الرقمية التي تقدم خدمات إعلامية للقنوات التلفزيونية عن دهشتهم لرؤية أعوان أمن وممثلين عن المحكمة الجنائية الابتدائية المختصة في صنعاء يقتحمون مبنى الوكالة وهم يحملون أمرا قضائيا بحجز الممتلكات لا يحمل لا تاريخ ولا إسم ولا ختم.


ووفقا لما أوردته مؤسسة "ميديا لاندسكيب" التي رأت النور من تحالف بين كل من مركز الصحافة الأوروبي ووزارة التربية والثقافة والعلوم الهولندية، فإن النقص الحاد في الوقود والكهرباء والورق أدى الى تعذر طبع وتوزيع الصحف. وقد اضطرت بعض المواقع الإعلامية على غلق صفحاتها. وقد تراجعت أجور الصحفيين وهو ما جعل العديد من الصحفيين يصبحون غير قادرين على تامين معيشتهم. وقد غيرت عدة مكاتب إعلامية مكان تواجدها ( بعد تعرضها لهجمات مباشرة) او لتوقيف نهائي لنشاطاتها خصوصا وسائل الإعلام المستقلة.


أسماء الصحفيين الذين قتلوا: عواد الزبيري، مبارك العبدي من مؤسسة نبأ الإعلامية، الصحفي المستقل محمد غالب الماجدي، أحمد الشيباني من يمن نيوز، هاشم الحمران من قناة المسيرة، الصحفي المستقل المقداد مجلي، بلال شرف الدين من قناة المسيرة، عبد الله قابيل من قناة الشباب اليمنية، يوسف العيزري من قناة صحي، محمد شمسان من اليمن اليوم، خالد الوشلي من قناة المسيرة، الصحفي المستقل لوك سومرس( الأمريكي الوحيد )، حسن الودحاف من وكالة الأنباء العربية، جمال الشرابي من المصدر، محمد الربوع من القاهرة


28.03.2022. The State of Media in Ukraine during the War – second report (March 20-27) prepared by Andrii Ianitskyi at the request of Press Emblem Campaign 

Lviv (Ukraine), 28 March 2022. Short brief. 32 days after the Russian invasion in Ukraine:

  • Ukrainian authorities have tightened control over the media

  • Ukrainian journalists work under Russian occupation

  • 7 journalists killed (local and international both), dozens wounded, 1 missing 

  • Media development organizations advise using the correct terms about the war in Ukraine and raises money to support the Ukrainian media

  • President of Ukraine gave an interview to Russian media

  • Russian journalists work in Ukraine

  1. The work of Ukrainian media during martial law

On March 20, the National Defense Council of Ukraine subjugated the operator of digital broadcasting for the duration of martial law. In another decision, the Council ordered the operator to "take measures" to pursue a unified information policy under martial law. Thus, the National Defense Council wanted to unite all news and socio-political TV channels into a common telethon "United News", that is, to create the only source of news for viewers. After this decision, two channels Pryamiy and Channel 5 joined the single television marathon. These channels are owned by the country's former president, Petro Poroshenko, and have often criticized President Volodymyr Zelensky.

At the same time, the Espreso channel did not join United News, but began rebroadcasting it for several hours a day on its own frequencies. Espreso also began to rebroadcast the programs of the Voice of America, the BBC, Radio Liberty, France 24 and the local Crimean Tatar TV channel ATR. Thus, the TV channel is trying to maintain editorial independence in its author's programs.

The tightening of control over the media in Ukraine may be associated with truce talks with Russia. Ukrainian authorities may make unpopular compromises, such as abandoning NATO membership attempts, and seek to limit public criticism of their actions in local media.

On March 21, the Armed forces of Ukraine also banned video and photo shooting of public roads, general purpose facilities, infrastructure facilities, checkpoints, fortifications, concentration or movement of military units of the defense forces.

In addition, on March 24, the Ukrainian Parliament toughened the punishment for photographing and video filming the movement of Ukrainian troops during wartime. Earlier, one of the random photos of a local blogger could have provoked a Russian missile attack on a shopping center in Kyiv, in the parking lot of which several Ukrainian military vehicles were based.

  1. Media under Russian occupation

Many Ukrainian journalists ended up in Russian-occupied territories in southern Ukraine. The usual practice in such cases for Russians is a ban on the work of Ukrainian media, replacing them with Russian state broadcasters. The Russians took several Ukrainian journalists in Kherson, Mykolaiv and Energodar (cities in southern Ukraine) and released them after interrogation. 

One example is the journalist of the Novy Den newspaper Olekh Baturin, who spent eight days in Russian captivity in the Kherson region. The invaders released him after they subjected him to physical and psychological pressure. The Russians ask the captive journalists for the names of pro-Ukrainian activists who are organizing peaceful protests against the occupation.

  1. Killed and missing journalists

Already 7 journalists were killed (local and international both), 1 was missing since the February 24th of Russian invasion. Several more journalists who went into military service died in the fighting. That is why the Prosecutor General of Ukraine gives a different figure of 12 killed journalists. They include in this sad list those journalists who left their profession for a while and signed up for the army. One journalism teacher also died. 

According to the local Institute of Mass Information and open sources:

Killed:

  • Yevhen Sakun, cameraman of LIVE TV channel (died on March 1 during the Russian rocket attack on the TV tower in Kyiv);

  • Brent Renaud, a former correspondent for The New York Times (shot dead by Russians on March 13 in Irpen at a checkpoint);

  • Pierre Zakrzewski, cameraman for Fox News, an Irish citizen (killed on March 14 during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  • Oleksandra Kuvshynova, Ukrainian producer, journalist (killed on March 14 together with Pierre Zakrzewski during an artillery shelling by Russian troops in the village of Gorenka, Kyiv region).

  • Oksana Baulina, a journalist for Russia's The Insider and Oleksiy Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation (killed on March 23 during an Russian shelling in Kyiv while performing an editorial assignment).

  • Dilerbek Shakirov, a civilian journalist of the information weekly "Around You" (was shot dead by Russians at a blockpost in the suburbs of Kherson on February 26)

  • Viktor Dedov, cameraman of Sigma TV from Mariupol (died on March 11 as a result of shelling of his house)


Missing:

  • Maks Levin, famous Ukrainian photojournalist, has not been heard from since 13 March, when he was reporting in the Vyshgorod district, north of Kyiv.

  1. Media development organizations advise using the correct terms about the war in Ukraine and raises money to support the Ukrainian media

Ukrainian media organizations encourage journalists to use the correct terms when describing the war in Ukraine (for example, use the word war instead of the word conflict).

Other Ukrainian organizations raise money to support local newsrooms. Publishers and readers from all over the world have already transferred more than $4 million to support the Ukrainian media.

  1. President of Ukraine gave an interview to Russian media


President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky gave an interview to independent Russian media via Zoom. Official Russian authorities banned the publication of this interview, but at least the newspaper Meduza, which operates in exile from Latvia, published the text and video of the interview.

  1. Russian journalists work in Ukraine

Journalists from independent Russian media (Novaya Gazeta, Meduza, Insider and others) work freely in Ukraine, although they often face prejudice from Ukrainians for obvious reasons.

Propagandists from state Russian media work only in the occupied territories under the cover of Russian troops and often spread fakes and make staged videos.

Andrii Ianitsky is journalist now based in Lviv and PEC Representative in Ukraine (a.ianitskyi@gmail.com)

His first report was published on 19 March 2022 (read below)


25.03.2022. MYANMAR. 3 more Burmese journalists imprisoned in Myanmar, PEC denounces military crackdown

by Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, denounces the continued crackdown on the media by the military junta of Myanmar (also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) and demands the unconditional release of all scribes, who were sent to jails after the infamous military coup on 1 February 2021.

Local media outlets in Yangon (Rangoon), the former capital city of Myanmar, reported that three journalists were imprisoned in the third week of March 2022 for covering the anti-junta demonstrations across the south-east Asian nation. The number of arrested (or detained) media workers in Myanmar has lately increased up to 125, while around 50 are still behind the bars.

All the three Burmese journalists namely Than Htike Aung (Mizzima), Han Thar Nyein (Kamayut) and Ye Yint Tun (Myanmar Herald) were imprisoned to two years each for allegedly preparing false news. Aung, who is associated with the Mizzima group, was arrested on 19 March 2021. Similarly,  Nyein, who co-founded  Kamayut news outlet, was arrested on 9 March.  Tun from the Myanmar Herald digital platform was arrested on 28 February last year.

“The military regime in Naypietaw has treated the journalists as its enemy, while the media workers are doing their job only. The Burmese generals must respect the scribes and facilitate them to perform duties without fear and trepidation,” said Blaise Lempen, the president of PEC, adding that the international community should also pay attention to the hardship faced by journalists in Myanmar.

PEC’s south-east Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that the military junta has already cancelled the permits of Mizzima,
Democratic Voice of Burma, Myitkyina News Journal, Myanmar Now, 7Day News, Khit Thit News, etc. Now they are operating from outside the country to avoid arrests. A large number of journalists are hiding in neighbouring countries like Thailand, Bangladesh and India to continue working as newsmen.

24.03.2022. Christian Campiche est président d'honneur de la PEC après avoir participé à son comité pendant plusieurs années au nom du syndicat suisse des journalistes Impressum, dont il a été président de 2015 à 2019. Il nous livre aujourd'hui son témoignage sur le traitement de l'information sur la guerre en Ukraine à l'occasion de la parution de son roman historique évoquant le sort de la Hongrie sous le joug communiste.

English after French

Blaise Lempen (PEC). Christian Campiche tu viens d'écrire un roman historique qui résonne comme un avertissement: Nous ne retournerons plus à Sashalom (La Maraude, 221 pages). A travers l'histoire de ta famille, tu y racontes les heures sombres de la Hongrie entre 1940 et 1956, Le pays fut d'abord occupé par les nazis, puis intégré de force dans le camp soviétique. En 1956, la répression par les chars russes fit 3000 morts. Est-ce que rien n'a changé entre la Hongrie de 1956 et l'Ukraine de 2022 détruite par les canons russes ?

Christian Campiche : L'histoire se rappelle à notre plus mauvais souvenir, en effet. On croyait cette période effacée de notre mémoire, particulièrement les personnes de notre génération, qui avons vécu les 40 premières années de notre existence sous le régime de la guerre froide. Le service militaire, la protection civile, les voyages à l'Est, la culture, les échanges économiques, aucune activité n'était innocente du fait de l'épée de Damoclès que constituait la menace permanente, dans les scénarios des états-majors gouvernementaux, en tout cas, d'une invasion par les troupes du Pacte de Varsovie. La chute du Mur en 1989 nous avait fait oublier complètement ce climat de grande tension permanente entre les blocs.

PEC. Ton roman est une histoire vécue, puisque tu parles du départ pour la Suisse de ta famille de Hongrie où tu es né en 1948. Est-ce qu'on peut tirer un parallèle entre les milliers de réfugiés hongrois de 1956 et les trois millions d'Ukrainiens qui ont déjà fui la guerre ? L'accueil est-il le même ?

C.C. - Mes parents ont quitté la Hongrie en 1949 au moment de la prise du pouvoir par les communistes. Mon père était Suisse mais ma mère hongroise était concernée directement par le sort des réfugiés et de la partie de sa famille restée en Hongrie. Elle était très affectée, c'est ce que je raconte dans le livre. Aujourd'hui, le parallèle est saisissant, en tout cas au niveau de l'émotion provoquée dans les pays d'accueil. Différente est la situation sur le terrain. La Hongrie était un pays du Rideau de fer, la révolution un phénomène populaire totalement spontané. Pour se défendre, les Hongrois n'avaient que quelques fusils et des cocktails molotov. Les Ukrainiens ont des armes sophistiquées, accumulées pendant leur trente années d'indépendance.

PEC- Ton livre s'intitule: nous ne retournerons plas à Sashalom, le lieu d'origine de ta mère en Hongrie. Peut-on dire aujourd'hui pour les Ukrainiens: nous ne reviendrons plus à Marioupol, au vu de la destruction systématique de la ville par l'armée russe ?

C.C. - La destruction de son habitation est un traumatisme terrible. Sashalom a pâti d’une bataille de chars entre Russes et Allemands, qui a changé de fond en comble la topographie, plus personne dans la famille de ma mère n’a jamais voulu y retourner. Mais au moins n’y avait-il pas de stratégie délibérée et machiavélique de chasser une population, ce qui n’est peut-être pas le cas dans certaines localités d’Ukraine. La politique de la terre brûlée est pratiquée depuis la nuit des temps par maints envahisseurs. 

PEC. Tu es aussi l'auteur d'Info pocorn, enquête auprès des médias suisses, critiquant le conformisme de certains médias de notre pays. La guerre en Ukraine fait rage depuis quatre semaines. Que penses-tu du traitement de l'information sur la guerre en Suisse ?

C.C. - Je suis déçu en bien, comme on dit ici. D'autant que j'ai trouvé la couverture de la crise Covid par les médias désastreuse. Certains journaux ont dépêché des envoyés spéciaux à Kiev. Ils prennent beaucoup de risques pour relayer le vécu des habitants, je trouve cela remarquable. Mais je me fais du souci pour la suite, compte tenu du climat répressif qui semble s'installer sur place.

PEC. Y a-t-il formatage des cerveaux aussi en Occident, pas seulement en Russie ? Que penses-tu de la répression des médias en Russie?

C. C. - Je l'ai écrit dans les colonnes du journal en ligne infoméduse.ch, que j'ai créé en 2003: rien n'est tout noir, ni tout blanc. Par ses provocations, l'Occident a une grande part de responsabilité dans cette guerre. La Russie étant l'un des belligérants, ses médias pratiquent inévitablement l'autocensure s'ils ne veulent pas disparaître dans un pays qui n'a jamais été un champion de la liberté de la presse, loin de là : des journalistes y ont payé de leur vie leur passion d'informer. Cela fait belle lurette que les journalistes russes vraiment indépendants ne pratiquent plus leur métier en Russie.

PEC. Que peut-on faire pour aider les médias ukrainiens et aussi les médias russes indépendants ?

C.C. - Les soutenir en traduisant et en diffusant des contenus sur nos sites d'information numériques. En rémunérant à la fois les auteurs et les traducteurs. Cela implique une organisation ad hoc, un certain mécénat. Ce n'est évidemment pas évident - les journaux indépendants occidentaux réclament eux-même des aides – mais ce n'est pas impossible.

Christian Campiche is currently the honorary president of the PEC after having been a member of its committee for several years representing the Swiss union of journalists, Impressum, whose president he was from 2015 to 2019. Today he is sharing with us his testimony regarding information on the war in Ukraine on the occasion of the publication of his historical novel situated in Hungary under communist control.

Blaise Lempen (PEC). Christian Campiche, you have just written a historical novel that resonates as a warning, Nous ne retournerons plus à Sashalom (We’ll Never Go Back to Sashalom, La Maraude, 221 pages). Through your family’s history, you recount the dark days of Hungary from 1940 and 1956. The country was first occupied by the Nazis then integrated by force into the Soviet camp. In 1956, repression by Soviet tanks caused 3,000 deaths. Has anything changed between 1956 Hungary and 2022 Ukraine, under assault by Russian army?

Christian Campiche. This story revives our worst memories. We thought this period erased from our memory, in particular the people of our generation, who spent the first 40 years of our lives under the regime of the Cold War. Military service, civil protection, trips to the East, economic exchanges – no activity was innocent owing to the permanent threat of an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops, like a sword of Damocles, in the scenarios of the governments’ military staff in any event. The fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 had made us forget completely this climate of great and permanent tension between the two blocs.

PEC. You novel is a true story, for you speak of your family’s departure from Hungry, where you were born in 1948, for Switzerland. Can one draw a parallel between the thousands of Hungarian refugees of 1956 and the three millions Ukrainians who have already fled the war? Is the welcome the same?

C. C. - My parents left Hungary in 1949 at the time of the communist take over. My father was Swiss, but my Hungarian mother was directly concerned by the plight of both the refugees and the family members left in Hungary. She was deeply affected, which is what I recount in the book. Today, the parallel is striking, in any case at the level of the emotion in the host countries. The situation in the field is different. Hungary was an iron curtain country, and the revolution was a totally spontaneous people’s phenomenon. To defend themselves, the Hungarians had only a few rifles and Molotov cocktails. The Ukrainians have sophisticated arms accumulated during their 30 years of independence.

PEC- Your book is called: We will never go back to Sashalom, your mother's place of origin in Hungary. Can we say today for the 
Ukrainians: we will not return to Mariupol, in view of the systematic destruction of the city by the Russian army?
C. C. - The destruction of his home is a terrible trauma. Sashalom suffered from a tank battle between Russians and Germans, which completely
changed the topography, no one in my mother's family ever wanted to go back there. But at least there was no deliberate and Machiavellian
strategy to drive out a population, which is perhaps not the case in certain localities of Ukraine. The scorched earth policy has been practiced
since the dawn of time by many invaders.

PEC. You are also the author of Info pocorn, an investigation into Swiss media, criticizing the conformism of certain media in our country. The war in Ukraine has been under way for four weeks. What do you think of the way the information on the war is being handled in Switzerland.

C.C. - I am pleasantly disappointed, as people say here. All the more that I find that the media’s coverage of the covid crisis disastrous. Certain newspapers have sent special envoys to Kyiv. They are taking great risks to relay the life of the inhabitants. I find that remarkable. But I worry about what is to come, given the repressive climate that seems to be settling in there.

PEC. Is there brain washing in the West, not only in Russia? What do you think of the repression of the media in Russia?

I have written columns for the online news outlet infomeduse.ch, which I created in 2003: nothing is all black nor all white. By virtue of its provocations, the West bears a great responsibility for this war. Russia being one of the belligerents, its media inevitably practice self-censorship if they don’t want to disappear in a country that has never been a champion of press freedom, far from it: journalists have paid with their lives for their passionate desire to inform. It’s a long time since truly independent Russian journalists have practiced their profession in Russia.

PEC. What can one do to help the Ukrainian media and the independent Russian media?

We can support them by translating and diffusing their material on our online sites, paying both the authors and the translators. This involves an ad hoc sponsoring set-up. It’s not easy – Western journalists themselves are asking for support – but it’s not impossible either.

Thank you Christian.

22.03.2022. HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL 49th session item 4 General Debate. PEC seriously concerned by two country situations, Mexico and Ukraine, strongly condemns war crimes in Ukraine

General Assembly

Human Rights Council 49th session

General Debate item 4

Mr President,

Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) is very worried by the high number of deaths among journalists since the beginning of this year. Ar least 33 media workers have been killed so far, it is an increase of more than 100 % over the same period of 2021.

We are specially concerned by two country situations, Mexico and Ukraine. In Mexico, criminal gangs have been responsible for the assassination of nine journalists since January. We call upon the Mexican authorities to reinforce their mechanisms of protection and to fight with greater firmness against impunity.

Since February 24th and the invasion of Ukraine by Russian forces, 6 journalists have been killed in fighting and dozens of others injured. This is unacceptable. We strongly condemn these war crimes. Journalists are not combatants and should never be targeted by military forces. We call on the Russian and Ukrainian authorities to respect the independence of journalists on the ground and to ensure their safety.

The war in Ukraine is a new example of the need to reinforce the protection of media in conflict zones. We launch a new urgent call to Member States to adopt a binding international convention for the protection of journalists with mechanisms of accountability and inquiry. It would be useful for journalists of all countries.

Thank you for your attention

Geneva 22 March 2022

19.03.2022. UKRAINE. The new PEC Representative in Ukraine Andrii Ianitskyi send us his report on the


state of media in Ukraine during the first weeks of the war (february 24 – March 19).



By Andrii Ianitskyi, PEC Representative in Ukraine



Lviv, 19 March 2022 - The main needs of journalists in Ukraine are body armor and helmets, satellite phones, first aid kits. We also


need training on safety and first aid for both Ukrainian and foreign journalists who travel to Ukraine. Journalists also need shelters


in safe regions where they can stop along the way for several days on their way from one location to another. There is a shortage


of local fixers, translators, drivers with cars. Many journalists are out of work or in need of part-time jobs to support their families.


24 days after the Russian invasion in Ukraine:


● Ukrainian media are moving their offices out of active war zones, collaborate and tightening their rhetoric


● Media organizations open press centers, help relocate journalists and newsrooms, purchase body armor and first aid kits


● About 3,000 foreign journalists are working in Ukraine


● 6 journalists killed, 8 wounded, 2 kidnapped by Russian invaders


● Russian hackers attack websites of Ukrainian media



1) The reaction of Ukrainian media


Even before the Russian invasion on February 24, the Ukrainian office of Radio Liberty moved part of their office from Kyiv to


western Ukraine - after the very first statements by US officials that a war was imminent (for security reasons, we do not


name a specific city). In the wake of the US-sponsored media, other newsrooms, in whole or in part, began to move their staff and


equipment to safe zones. But not all Ukrainian journalists leave, some newsrooms have decided to stay in unsafe areas. For


example, the investigative media Slidstvo.Info is now filming videos from the front line near Kyiv.


The relocation of Ukrainian publications continues along with the expansion of the war zone. If the first to leave were employees of


national and local media with an office in Kyiv, now regional publications from Kharkiv, Sumy, Kherson, Mykolaiv and


other regions are leaving.


The hardest hit were printed media, which literally lost their audience: many subscribers also evacuated. For example, the Forbes


Ukraine has suspended the publication of a paper magazine, but continues to update the site.


National TV channels launched information marathons and began to openly broadcast their signal, without encoding. Some of


them have joined forces, the largest collaboration is United News, which includes the largest commercial TV groups and media,


which are financed from the state budget. Second-tier TV channels created their own associations or continued to broadcast


independently.


Public radio allowed commercial radio stations to use its signal. The largest political online media Ukrayinska Pravda has launched


an English version. And the UNIAN news agency allowed the free use of its photo bank with images of the war.


Most of the Ukrainian media have toughened up their rhetoric towards the enemy, especially after Russian rocket attacks on


civilian targets.


2) The reaction of Ukrainian media development organizations


Media development organizations have also responded strongly. The Lviv Media Forum launched a relocation program for


journalists and provided them with asylum. The Institute of Mass Information launched a program to support journalists who


remained in Kyiv. Media Development Foundation NGO also assists in the relocation of newsrooms, financially supports


newsrooms, provides legal support and assistance in the field of cybersecurity.


3) Foreign journalists in Ukraine


About 3,000 foreign journalists are currently working in Ukraine, according to the local Office of the President. Often these people


are not prepared to work in conditions of hostilities, do not know how to provide first aid, do not have protective


ammunition and first aid kits.


Often these people do not know the local culture, history and language and therefore must work with fixers. Unfortunately, there


are not enough fixers for everyone, journalists are regularly looking for them.


All foreign journalists who work in Ukraine must obtain free digital accreditation online on the website of the Ministry of Defense of


Ukraine. In theory, this press card should make it easier for them to work both in the war zone and after the curfew.


However, in practice, this accreditation alone is not enough and a lot depends on the personal connections of the fixer and the


ability to negotiate on the spot.


4) Killed and injured journalists


During the first 24 days of the war, 6 journalists were killed, 8 wounded, 2 kidnapped by Russian invaders. The journalists were


killed under various circumstances, from shrapnel after a rocket attack to a bullet wound. Half of the dead journalists covered


the battles near Kiev near the city of Irpin. Both kidnapped journalists worked in the south of the country, where Russia occupied


territories.


5) Russian hacker attacks


On March 2, 3, 17, Russian hackers attacked several Ukrainian media outlets (from hyperlocal Rayon.in.ua to all Ukrainian NV.ua


or DT.ua). Hackers blocked websites or posted symbols of the invaders on the front pages, as well as a deepfake with a


video in which President Volodymyr Zelensky allegedly calls on Ukrainian soldiers to lay down their arms. However, the forgery


was of such low quality that it is unlikely that it had a serious impact on Ukrainian society. The media quickly regained control


of the sites.


6) The Russians rocket attacks on TV towers


On March 1, 2, 14, 16 the Russians destroyed TV-towers in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lisichansk, Rivne, Vinnitsa and Korosten. The Russians


captured TV towers in Kherson, Starobelsk, Melitopol, as well as a radio station in Berdyansk.


A. I.


18.03.2022. PEC condemns killing of scribes in Ukraine, criticises Taliban for continued atrocities on journalists

With Nava Thakuria

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, expresses serious concern and condemns the killing of scribes in Ukraine, who have been reporting from  ground after the Russian invasion, and urges every concerned to respect  freedom of the press. PEC  (www.pressemblem.ch) also criticizes the Taliban, who continues to victimise the Afghan journalists after seizing power in Kabul during August last year.

Since the Russian forces started military actions in Ukraine at least six journalists, most of them from foreign countries, were killed
inside the country. All the victims including Shakirov Dilerbek Shukurovych (killed in  Kherson locality on 26  February 2022),
Yevhenii Sakun (Kyiv on 1 March), Viktor Dudar (Mykolaiv, 4 March), Brent Renaud (Irpin, 13 March), Pierre Zakrzewski (Horenka, 14 March), Oleksandra Kurshynova (Horenka,  14 March) were on the ground to report the war.

Dozens of journalists including Benjamin Hall, Guillaume Briquet, Stuart Ramsay, Richie Mockler,  Stefan Weichert,  Emil Filtenborg Mikkelsen, etc were wounded in the conflict. PEC is alarmed by the continued attacks against the journalists despite they were carrying clear sign PRESS with them. *Journalists should never be the target of military action as they are not combatants. Moreover, they should get the advantage of protections mentioned in Geneva Conventions,” said
Blaise Lempen, PEC president.

Till date, globally 32 journalists have lost their lives to assailants since 1 January, an increase of 100% compared to last year. The highest number of nine casualties are recorded in Mexico (Jose Luis Gamboa, Margarito Martinez, Lourdes Maldonado,
Roberto Toledo, Marcos Ernesto Islas Flores, Heber Lopez Osorio, Michelle Perez Tadeo, Juan Carlos Muñiz and Armando Linares) followed by Haiti (Amady John Wesley, Wilguens Louissaint and Lazarre Maxihen) and Pakistan (Hasnain Shah, Murtaza Shar and Athar Mateen).

India has also witnessed the murder of  three scribes (Rohit Kumar Biswal, Sudhir Saini and Juned Khan Pathan) till today this year, whereas  Yemen (Mervan Yusuf),  Brazil (Givanildo Oliveira),  Turkey (Gungor Arslan),  Philippines (Jaynard Angeles),  Kazakhstan (Muratkhan Bazarbayev),   Tchad (Djaï-Loramadji Evariste), Honduras (Pablo Isabel Hernandez Rivera) and Myanmar (Pu Tui Dim) lost one journalist each to assailants.

Meanwhile, Afghan journalists are facing physical tortures from the Taliban forces and many of them had already taken shelter in foreign countries. A recent report, jointly published by Afghanistan Journalists Centre  and  Afghan Independent Journalists Association, indicated that over 40% of media outlets (out of 224 news channels, radio outlets, news websites, and newspapers) have ceased operations due to funding shortage and imposed limitations.

“Since the Taliban took over Afghanistan in August 2021, hundreds of working journalists (most of whom are female) have left the country,” said PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria, adding that the Taliban regime must fulfil its commitment to support press freedom. Moreover, the international community should continue supporting the Afghan media fraternity to prevent its imminent collapse in a conflict-ridden nation.








08.03.2022. La PEC pleure la mort de sa présidente Hedayat Abdel Nabi décédée au Caire lundi - PEC mourns the death of its president Hedayat Abdel Nabi who died in Cairo on Monday (English after French)


Genève, 8 mars 2022 (PEC) Tout le comité de la PEC est


choqué par la disparition subite de sa présidente Hedayat


Abdel Nabi à 73 ans. Nous adressons nos plus sincères


condoléances à sa famille, ses nombreux amis et


confrères qui appréciaient sa disponibilité, son


dynamisme, ses convictions.


Née le 10 novembre 1948 au Caire, Hedayat a co-fondé


notre ONG en 2004 avec d’autres correspondants à l’ONU à Genève. Infatigable, elle a soutenu la cause d’une meilleure


protection des journalistes au fil des conflits et des crises.


C’est en réaction au grand nombre de journalistes tués dans la guerre menée par les Américains en Irak que nous avons fondé la


PEC. C’est l’ironie de l’histoire qu’Hedayat nous quitte au moment d’un autre conflit majeur en Ukraine qui requiert toute notre


énergie, alors que nous avons été déjà dévastés par les massacres commis entre-temps en Syrie pendant plus de dix ans.


Je veux rendre hommage ici au travail inlassable d’Hedayat pendant 18 ans d’efforts communs.


Nous avions lancé en 2004 l’idée d’un emblème de presse uniforme internationalement reconnu que les journalistes,


photographes, cameramen sur le terrain pourraient porter volontairement pour se distinguer des civils. Malheureusement, cette


idée a rencontré des oppositions parmi les grands medias, alors même que nous le constatons depuis deux semaines en Ukraine,


tout journaliste sur place s’identifie comme tel pour se distinguer des autres civils. Nous voyons à cet égard une grande diversité


d’inscriptions PRESS, alors même qu’un emblème unique et internationalement reconnu aurait apporté une meilleure visibilité. Cet


emblème, nous l’avons répété, dans tous les cas aurait été optionnel.


Nous avons ensuite avec Hedayat développé l’idée d’une Convention internationale sur la protection des journalistes et procédé à


des consultations diplomatiques avec les ambassades à Genève. Autre ironie de l’histoire, c’est l’ambassadeur du Mexique et


premier président du nouveau Conseil des droits de l’homme Luis Alfonso de Alba qui nous a apporté son plus ferme soutien –


alors que le Mexique est l’un des pays les plus dangereux pour les journalistes. Les consultations n’ont cependant pas abouti, des


États ne souhaitant pas se lier les mains avec de nouvelles obligations. La Fédération internationale des journalistes (FIJ) a


ensuite apporté son soutien à notre projet, jusqu’ici sans plus de résultats. La Convention aurait prévu entre autres des


mécanismes d’enquête internationaux, des indemnisations des familles des victimes, un suivi par une commission d’experts.


Hedayat a aussi joué un rôle prépondérant en mobilisant ses relations afin que nous obtenions en 2010 le statut consultatif à


l’ONU, ce qui nous a permis ensuite d’intervenir régulièrement au Conseil des droits de l’homme et de participer aux travaux de


l’UNESCO pour le renforcement de la sécurité des journalistes. Notre travail a été récompensé par l’adoption de plusieurs


résolutions de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU et du Conseil des droits de l’homme sur la sécurité des journalistes, notamment


sous la houlette de l’Autriche. Ces résolutions, adoptées par consensus, ne sont pas l’équivalent d’une Convention, mais ont


apporté néanmoins au fil des ans beaucoup de clarifications juridiques et forment un ensemble que les médias peuvent utiliser en


cas d’abus.


En 2009, nous avons aussi lancé le Prix pour la Protection des journalistes, qui a récompensé chaque année en fonction de


l’actualité des individus ou des associations s’étant distingués dans leur lutte contre l’impunité. Nous avons ainsi récompensé à


Genève des journalistes ou associations palestinien, philippin, égyptien, tunisien, libyen, syrien, guatémaltèque, hondurien, russe,


mexicain, turc, afghan, indien. Et déjà ukrainien en 2015, la Fondation suisse Hirondelle en 2014, la famille de Daphne Caruana


Galizia en 2018.


Depuis 2006, nous avons aussi inlassablement poursuivi notre travail de documentation des assassinats de journalistes avec des


rapports biannuels et avons désormais à disposition des chercheurs, médias et diplomates une base de données exhaustive


disponible sur notre site internet. Nous avons aussi suivi les différentes procédures judiciaires afin de poursuivre les auteurs


d’assassinat, notamment à l’occasion de la Journée mondiale contre l’impunité des crimes contre les journalistes le 2 novembre.


Nous nous sommes aussi mobilisé pour dénoncer la détention prolongée de Julian Assange. La pandémie a été un nouveau défi,


et la PEC a été la seule organisation au niveau mondial à documenter les décès de journalistes dus au Covid-19, alors que la


profession devait continuer à travailler pour informer en s’exposant, faute de vaccins dans un premier temps. Près de 2000


journalistes en sont morts.


Pendant toutes ces années, Hedayat a été un soutien indéfectible, d’abord en marge de son travail de correspondante à Genève


pour l’agence Kuna (1999-2010), puis après sa retraite au Caire en assurant la diffusion des communiqués de la PEC dans le


monde arabe. Elle a été quatre fois présidente de l’Association des correspondants à l’ONU (ACANU). Je me souviens de son


engagement extraordinaire comme journaliste : elle était toujours au premier rang dans les conférences de presse et la première à


poser des questions. Elle écrivait avec une très grande rapidité et a été récompensée par plusieurs prix, déjà comme journaliste


au sein du grand journal égyptien Al-Ahram dans les années 1980. Elle connaissait à merveille tous les rouages de l’ONU, après


avoir travaillé au Centre d’information de l’ONU au Caire (1993-1996) et au Haut Commissariat de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (HCR)


à Genève (1997-1999).


Lors du décès de notre vice-président Daniel Favre en novembre dernier, elle a encore prouvé sa grande empathie en organisant


un vibrant hommage à notre confrère. Elle était toujours disponible et répondait immédiatement à mes WhatsApp l’alertant de l’un


ou l’autre attentat contre un journaliste, hélas en nette hausse depuis le début de 2022.


Notre combat continue, au-delà de notre douleur après sa mort subite : le meilleur hommage que l’on puisse lui rendre, est de lui


montrer que la cause qu’elle a défendue avec passion lui survit et que nous sommes prêts à la poursuivre aussi longtemps qu’il


faudra pour qu’une information indépendante puisse avoir lieu en toutes circonstances et que les calculs des dictateurs et des


gangs de criminels ne puissent jamais étouffer la liberté de la presse.


Blaise Lempen

Secrétaire général de la PEC


(photo: Hedayat Abdel Nabi presenting her book "Dialogue with celebrities" at the United Nations In Geneva with John Zaracostas, ACANU president, and Ambassador of Egypt Amr Zahran)




Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) mourns the death of its president Hedayat Abdel Nabi who died in Cairo on Monday.

Geneva, 8 March 2022 (PEC) - The members of the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) board express their shock at the news of the sudden death of PEC president Hedayat Abdel Nabi at the age of 73. We extend our sincere condolences to her family, her many friends and colleagues who appreciated her availability, her dynamism, her convictions.

Born on 10 November 1948 in Cairo, Hedayat was a co-founder of our organization in 2004 along with other correspondents at the United Nations Office in Geneva. Indefatigable, she supported the struggle for better protection of journalists when covering conflicts and crises.

It was in reaction to the ever greater number of journalists killed in the war carried on by the United States in Iraq that we created the PEC. It is an irony of history that Hedayat has taken leave of us just when another major conflict, in Ukraine this time, is demanding all our energy, whereas we were devastated by the massacres committed in the interim in Syria over more than ten years.

I should like to pay tribute to Hedayat’s unwavering work in the course of our 18 years of common struggle.

In 2004, we launched the idea of a single press emblem, recognized internationally, that journalists, photographers, cameramen and technical support staff in the field could choose to wear to distinguish themselves from other civilians. Unfortunately, this idea encountered opposition within the corporate media, yet for more than two weeks we have been seeing in Ukraine that all the journalists on the scene are identifying themselves as such, in contrast to other civilians. However, what we see is a great diversity of PRESS inscriptions, whereas a single internationally recognized emblem would provide substantially greater visibility. Wearing this emblem, as we have constantly insisted, should be optional in every case, leaving up to the individual journalist to decide according to the circumstances.

With Hedayat we then developed the idea of an international Convention for the protection of journalists and undertook diplomatic consultations with various ambassadors in Geneva. Another irony of history is that it was the Mexican ambassador and first president of the new Human Rights Council, Luis Alfonso de Alba, who firmly supported our efforts, whereas Mexico has become one of the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists. However, the consultations did not bear fruit, some governments did not wish to undertake any new obligations. The International Federation of Journalists subsequently supported the project of a new Convention, but it nonetheless remains without results at present. Among other things, the Convention would set up international investigative mechanisms, compensation for the victims’ families and a follow-up by an expert commission.

Hedayat also played a preponderant role in mobilizing her contacts so that in 2010 we were able to obtain consultative status with the United Nations, which has permitted us to intervene regularly at the Human Rights Council and to participate in UNESCO’s work in reinforcing the safety of journalists. Our work has been rewarded by adoption of several resolutions by the United Nations General Assembly and by the Human Rights Council regarding the safety of journalists, in particular with the support of Austria. These resolutions, adopted by consensus, are not the equivalent of a convention; nonetheless, over the years they have resulted in significant legal clarifications and now form a corpus of principles that journalists can cite in cases of abuse.

In 2009, we also launched the Journalists Protection Award, which every year honors individuals or associations that have distinguished themselves in their struggle against impunity. We have thus honored in Geneva journalists and associations from origins as divers as Palestine, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Syria, Guatemala, Honduras, Russia, Mexico, Turkey, Afghanistan and India – and already Ukraine in 2015, the Swiss Hirondelle Foundation in 2014, and the family of Daphne Caruana Galizia in 2018.

Since 2006, we have been steadfast in our work of documenting the murder of journalists, with semi-annual reports, and we have at the disposal of researchers, media and diplomats an exhaustive data bank on our internet site. We have also tracked various legal proceedings aiming to prosecute perpetrators of murders, with particular focus on 2 November, the World Day against Impunity for Crimes against Journalists. We have also mobilized to denounce the extended detention of Julian Assange. The pandemic was a new challenge, and the PEC was the only organization operating on a world-wide level documenting the deaths of journalists from Covid-19, while the profession had to continue its work, with a toll of almost 2,000 journalists’ deaths.

During all these years, Hedayat provided unwavering support, at first in addition to her work as a correspondent in Geneva for the Kuna Agency (1999-2010), then after her retirement in Cairo, from where she diffused the PEC’s statements and declarations throughout the Arab world. She was a four-time president of the United Nations Correspondents Association (ACANU). I recall her extraordinary commitment as a journalist: she was always in the first row at press conferences and the first to ask questions. She wrote with impressive speed and received several awards, already as a journalist for the major Egyptian newspaper Al-Ahram in the 1980s. She had acquired a master of the workings of the United Nations, having worked at the United Nations Information Center in Cairo (1993-1996) and at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Geneva (1997-1999).

Last November, at the time of the death of our vice-president, Daniel Favre, she demonstrated an immense empathy, organizing a vibrant tribute to our colleague. She was always available and responded immediately to my WhatsApp alerts about one or another attack on a journalist, attacks whose numbers – alas! – have been steadily increasing since the beginning of 2022.

Our struggle continues, beyond our sorrow after her sudden death. The greatest tribute that we can pay to her is to show her that the cause she defended with passion survives and that we are ready and willing to pursue it as long as necessary so that impartial, independent and dispassionate information may emerge in all circumstances and that the machinations of dictators and criminal gangs will never muzzle the press.

Blaise Lempen - PEC Secretary General

05.03.2022. UKRAINE. PEC condoles the demise of Ukraine journalists, and appeals to all concerns to ensure the safety and security of journalists

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condoles the demise of two Ukrainian journalists in the week of Russia’s aggression to Ukraine and urges the United Nations to recognise their professional services for disseminating authentic information about the ongoing conflicts. PEC also appreciates the restrained role played by the mainstream media outlets and responsible journalism pursued by a large number of media persons on the ground.

Journalist  Shakirov Dilerbek Shukurovych, who hailed from Kherson locality, died on 26 February and television cameraman Yevhenii Sakun lost his life in the Russian attacks on the Ukrainian capital city of Kyiv on 1 March 2022. Both were victims of the Russian military aggression in Ukraine that started in the last week of February disregarding the international laws. PEC had already condemned in the strongest terms the Russian actions and appealed to all concerns to ensure the safety and security of journalists, who were engaged in professional duties.

“PEC also urged all parties to refrain from spreading propaganda for war or incitement to hostility or violence. We stand in solidarity with independent Russian media who continue to report the truth in an unprecedented situation. Moreover, we demanded the Russian authorities not to censor independent media reporting about the invasion and to avoid detaining journalists who were covering the anti-war protests,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC, adding that all journalists on the ground were already asked to take precautionary measures.

Earlier, the international media forum condemned the Russian missile attack on the TV tower of Kyiv that facilitated broadcasting of radio and television news. Lately, it lauded the adoption of a resolution by the Geneva-based Human Rights Council condemning the rights violations and abuses in Ukraine and asking for an early withdrawal of Russian troops. Moreover, an independent international commission of inquiry should be established to probe into the violations and abuses of human rights
and international humanitarian laws in Ukraine.

European media outlets usually maintain their responsible journalism avoiding the exposure of human dead from the battlefield. Many mainstream media outlets in India, which are relatively independent among south & southeast Asian nations, are also reporting from the ground with standard guidelines, said PEC’s India representative Nava Thakuria, adding that it’s a welcome change for the Indian media, which usually goes unleashed on reporting  the human tragedies with unsolicited visuals if it happens to their own people.


19.02.2022. PAKISTAN. Television journalist shot dead in Pakistan, PEC demands punishment to perpetrators

With Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Expressing grief over the demise of Karachi-based Pakistani television journalist Athar Mateen, the global media safety and rights body Press Emblem Campaign insists on a genuine probe into the incident that led to his killing during the morning hours on 18 February 2022. PEC also demands compensation to the bereaved family.


Associated with the private news channel Samaa Television,  Mateen (45) was targeted by two armed men at Nazimabad area of the port city in west Pakistan. He tried to prevent them from robbing a pedestrian on the street. The men on a bike opened fire on Mateen and fled from the location. Wounded Mateen was taken to a nearby hospital where he succumbed to injuries.


Mateen, who worked as a senior news producer, was also partially associated with Aaj News and ARY News. Besides the Pak media fraternity, Prime Minister Imran Khan, Sindh Governor Imran Ismail and State chief minister Murad Ali Shah also condemned the incident and directed the police to nab the culprits at the earliest to punish under the law.


“It’s shocking that Pakistan has lost three scribes this year and emerged as a dangerous country for working journalists. Earlier, the
Lahore-based journalist Hasnain Shah (45) was killed on 24 January by two bike-riders outside the local press club. It was followed by another assassination of scribes when Ghulam Murtaza Shar (32) faced bullets from two armed men riding a two-wheeler in Sindh  province on 30 January,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC.


Till date, 20 journalists have been killed worldwide in 2022, where Mexico tops the list with six  casualties, followed  by Pakistan (3), Haiti, India (2 dead each), Myanmar, Philippines, Kazakhstan, Honduras, Yemen, Tchad and Brazil (one each). PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that 79 journalists were killed last year, where Pakistan lost Ajay Laalwani, Waseem Alam, Abdul Wahid Raisani,  Kashif Hussain, Shahid Zehri, Nazim Samwal Jokhio and Muhammad Zada to assailants.


16.02.2022. La PEC consternée par l’assassinat du journaliste Evariste Djaï-Loramadji au Tchad.



Avec Touré Hamidou Elhadji, Représentant Afrique Subsaharienne de la PEC



Genève, 16 février 2022 (PEC) - Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) est consternée par l'assassinat du journaliste Evariste Djaï-


Loramadji, correspondant de la radio chrétienne "Lotiko", dans un massacre suite à un affrontement intercommunautaire qui a fait


plus d'une dizaine de morts dans le village de Sandana (Moyen-Chari), le mercredi 9 février 2022.


La PEC dénonce et condamne cet assassinat barbare, salue la mémoire du disparu et présente ses sincères condoléances à sa


famille et à celles de toutes les victimes. L’ONG de défense des journalistes basée à Genève exhorte les autorités à diligenter une


enquête complète et rapide et à punir le ou les coupables.


Selon Abbas Mahamoud Tahir, président de l'Union des Journalistes tchadiens (UJT), «c’est un combattant de l’information que ce


jour-là, les assassins de Sandana ont délibérément visé. En effet, alors que Djaï-Loramadji Evariste donnait les informations en


direct à sa station, Radio Lotiko, un tireur embusqué, à bout portant, lui a explosé la tête». Sa disparition a causé à toute la famille


de la presse tchadienne un profond chagrin.


« Evariste Djaï-Loramadji n’a fait que son métier de journaliste en informant de la situation jusqu’au dernier moment. Nous saluons


le courage de ces journalistes de terrain», a déclaré le secrétaire général de la PEC Blaise Lempen.


Evariste Djaï-Loramadji est le premier journaliste tué en Afrique cette année, dans un contexte global alarmant avec déjà 19


journalistes tués dans le monde en six semaines, selon le décompte de la PEC sur son site : www.pressemblem.ch




15.02.2022. PEC demands probe into attack on Lankan journalist’s residence, condoles Indian photojournalist's tragic end

by Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Condemning the attack on the residence of Sri Lanka’s senior television journalist Chamuditha Samarawickrema by a group of masked armed men in the early hours of 14 February 2022, the global media safety and rights body Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) on Tuesday demands a fair probe into the incident and punish the perpetrators.

Local media outlets reported that at least four unidentified persons stormed into the residential complex of Samarawickrema at Piliyandala area of Colombo and pelted various items over the buildings. Samarawickrema, who is associated with private news channel Hiru TV, was inside the house along with his family and everyone survived
unhurt in the incident.


“It’s unacceptable that a journalist, who remains critical about the government functioning, has to face this kind of attack on him. The Lankan government, dominated by former Sri Lankan President and current Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa’s family, must identify the culprits to maintain its credibility,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC.


Financial crisis at UNI

Meanwhile, the PEC expresses grief over the untimely demise of a senior photojournalist T Kumar, who killed himself on 13 February in the south Indian city of Chennai. Kumar, who used to work for prominent news agency United News of India (UNI), was not paid for some years and in desperate  need of money as his wife faced an accident a few weeks back. Moreover, he was preparing for his daughter’s engagement ceremony.


Shockingly, Kumar (56) hanged himself at the agency’s office in Nungambakkam area on Sunday evening and died on the way to hospital.


Reliable sources claim that the agency, which faced a serious financial crisis because of faulty management policies for many years, started pay-cut tactics. Many senior journalists were compelled to leave their jobs without getting their due salaries and other benefits.


“Devastating impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the media fraternity have been observed across India. But a large number of Indian media authorities have taken advantages of the situation to reduce  the number of employees, stop extra financial benefits, cut salaries up to two-third of its amount, etc” said Nava Thakuria, PEC’s south-Asia representative, adding that the UNI management must be made accountable for the photojournalist’s tragic end.


13.02.2022. INDIA. Scribe beaten to death in India, three arrested, PEC demands stringent punishment

by Nava Thakuria, PEC India Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, demanded stringent punishments to perpetrators of the murder of a young scribe in central India’s State of Uttar Pradesh some days back. Condoling the demise of Sudhir Saini (30), the PEC also urges the UP government in Lucknow to adequately compensate the reporter’s impoverished family.


It may be mentioned that Sudhir, who worked for a local newspaper titled Shah Times, was physically attacked by three individuals while travelling by a car in Saharanpur locality on 26 January 2022. They had a quarrel with Sudhir, who was on a two-wheeler, following an issue of overtaking the vehicle. The car passengers not only stopped the reporter, but also thrashed him and finally threw to a water channel.


Seriously wounded Sudhir was taken to a nearby hospital by the locals, where he succumbed to injuries. The eye-witnesses provided vital inputs to the police about the vehicle and those passengers. The police team accordingly arrested Jahangir, Farman and Mannan accusing them of murdering the reporter, who was only son to the elderly parents.

“It’s so unfortunate that the life of a promising scribe had ended in such a way. India continues to a dangerous country for working
journalists as the populous nation lost six journalists to assailants last year,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC adding that year 2021 witnessed murders of 79 media workers in 29 countries, where Afghanistan emerged as the most dangerous country with 12 journo-casualties, followed by Mexico (10) and Pakistan (7).


Days back, another young scribe named Rohit Kumar Biswal died in a landmine blast, informed Nava Thakuria, PEC’s India representative. Rohit (40), who used to work for an Oriya daily titled Dharitri, stepped on the mine planted by left-wing rebels in Odisha’s Kalahandi locality and died on the spot. The incident took place on 5 February as the reporter went to cover a local election related developments where the ultra-left extremists threatened people to boycott the forthcoming polls.


10.02.2022. Guinée Bissau : PEC condamne la violente attaque armée d’un groupe de militaires contre la radio privée Capital FM

Genève, le 10 février 2022. Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) condamne la violente attaque ciblée, contre le personnel et les installations de la radio privée Capital FM, en Guinée Bissau, perpétrée le 7 février 2022, par des des hommes en uniforme militaire, lourdement armés. Elle appelle à des enquêtes pour identifier et sanctionner les auteurs de cette agression.

Selon le témoignage recueilli par PEC auprès de Mme Indira Correia Balde, présidente du Syndicat des Journalistes et Techniciens de la Communication sociale de Guinée Bissau (SINJOTECS) : « Un groupe d’hommes armés a attaqué la radio, en tirant avec des armes AK à l’intérieur de l’édifice et détruisant tous les équipements. Il y a eu cinq blessées parmi les journalistes, techniciens et personnels administratifs qui essayaient d’échapper aux tirs.  Une journaliste qui a dû sauter du premier étage est hospitalisée, dans un état grave, et doit être évacuée au Portugal, le vendredi 11 février, pour des soins appropriés ». En effet, blessée à la colonne vertébrale et aux côtes la journaliste Maimuna Bari est dans le coma.

Exprimant sa vive réprobation après cette attaque, le secrétaire général de la PEC, Blaise Lempen a déclaré: « Un tel déferlement de violence contre les professionnels des médias est inadmissible, dans un système démocratique, de la part d’éléments de l’armée. Press Emblem Campaign insiste auprès des autorités de Guinée Bissau pour que les responsables et auteurs de cette agression soient identifiés et sanctionnés par la justice ».

« C'est la deuxième fois, souligne, pour sa part, la présidente du Synjotecs,  que cette radio est attaquée par des hommes armés. La première fois, c’était une nuit, en juillet 2020. Jusqu'à maintenant nous ne connaissons pas les résultats des enquêtes. Dans une rencontre avec l'ancien directeur de la police judiciaire, il nous avait dit que le processus était complexe, à cause des personnes impliquées ». Mme Indira Correia Balde s’interroge : « Nous ne savons pas comment les autorités vont traiter ce deuxième cas. En fait, nous  n’espérons pas grand chose. Il y a actuellement beaucoup de menaces sur les journalistes et les organes de presse ».

L’attaque de Capital FM, une radio privée au ton critique considérée comme proche de l’opposition, est intervenue six jours après une tentative de coup d’Etat ayant fait une douzaine de morts dans ce pays lusophone d’Afrique de l’Ouest où l’instabilité politico-militaire est alimentée par le trafic de drogue. Le gouvernement a considéré cette attaque comme « un cas isolé »

08.02.2022. INDIA. PEC condoles demise of Odisha scribe Rohit Biswal in blast

by Nava Thakuria, PEC India Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, mourns the demise of a promising Indian scribe in a landmine blast, planted by left-wing rebels in Kalahandi locality of Odisha province. A native of Mohangiri village under Madanpur Rampur area, Rohit Kumar Biswal (40) stepped on the mine on 5 February 2022 and died on the spot.

Rohit used to work for an Oriya daily (Dharitri) and he went to report about the posters of ultra-left extremists (belonging to outlawed Communist Party of India-Maoist), which were put on trees near to Karlakhunta bridge asking the people to boycott the forthcoming local (Panchayat) elections scheduled for different phases in 16-24 February next.


Odisha government chief Naveen Patnaik expressed grief over Rohit’s death and announced Indian rupees 1.3 million compensation to the bereaved family. Asserting that there is no place of violence in democracy, Patnaik assured that the government would take necessary actions against the perpetrators under the law.


“We express profound grief over the demise of Rohit Kumar Biswal, who died in the line of duty as a reporter. After 12 journo-casualties in January, where Mexico was at the top with the murder of four scribes, followed by Pakistan, Haiti, Kazakhstan, Myanmar,  Honduras and Philippines, India has added one more in the beginning of this year’s second month,” said Blaise Lempen, PEC secretary-general.


The bygone year witnessed the killing of 79 media employees by assailants in 29 countries, where Afghanistan came out as the most dangerous country for journalists with 12 casualties, followed by Mexico (10 dead), Pakistan (7), India (6), the Philippines, Yemen (4 each), Democratic Republic of Congo (3), Myanmar, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, Azerbaijan, Ethiopia, Burkina-Faso, Turkey (2 each), etc.


India earlier lost Buddhinath Avinash Jha (a journalist cum Right to Information  activist) from Bihar on 12 November, informed Nava Thakuria, PEC’s India representative, adding that the populous country earlier lost media workers namely Ashu Yadav, Sulabh Srivastava, Ch. Keshav, Manish Kumar Singh and Raman Kashyap to assailants in 2021. Moreover, Indian photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was killed in Afghanistan by Taliban forces last year.


05.02.2022. La PEC nomme un nouveau représentant pour l'Afrique subsaharienne



English after French



Genève, le 5 février 2022 (PEC) Le comité directeur de la Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) a désigné son nouveau Représentant


Régional pour l’Afrique Subsaharienne, M. Touré Hamidou Elhadji. Journaliste, expert Médias et Sécurité, directeur de publication


du journal en ligne malimedias.com, M. Touré est aussi Coordinateur des journalistes du G5 Sahel, Président du Réseau


International des Journalistes Francophones pour l’Etat Civil et la Citoyenneté et membre de l’Union International de la Presse


Francophone (UPF).


Le choix n’a pas été facile au vue de la qualité des postulants. Les membres du comité ont fini par porter leur choix sur M. Touré,


l’expérience, l’indépendance, la disponibilité et la réactivité étant parmi les critères exigés. M. Touré mettra à profit son carnet


d’adresses, ses relations avec ses confrères des pays africains et ses contacts sur les réseaux sociaux dans le but de renforcer la


protection des journalistes en Afrique subsaharienne. La PEC attend du Représentant Régional qu’il suive de près l’actualité des


médias dans la région, alerte la direction et réagisse très rapidement si nécessaire afin de dénoncer d’éventuels abus.


«Nous félicitons Hamidou Touré et nous nous réjouissons de pouvoir coopérer avec le directeur de malimedias.com afin de mieux


couvrir l’actualité africaine, comme nous le faisons pour l’Amérique latine, l’Asie et le Moyen-orient», a déclaré le secrétaire


général de la PEC Blaise Lempen. «L’an dernier, 12 journalistes ont été tués en Afrique, un chiffre en hausse, et il faut stopper


cette tendance alarmante», a-t-il ajouté.


La PEC est une organisation non gouvernementale internationale, indépendante, à but non lucratif. Elle a pour but de renforcer la


protection des journalistes dans le monde. Elle été fondée en 2004 à Genève par un groupe de journalistes professionnels, la


plupart correspondants à l’ONU. Depuis 2010, elle dispose du statut consultatif spécial à l’ONU. Elle est dirigée par un comité


directeur de dix membres de plusieurs nationalités.


La PEC fait des rapports réguliers sur les journalistes tués dans le monde et des communiqués pour les Journées de la liberté de


la presse le 3 mai et contre l’impunité le 2 novembre. Elle intervient au Conseil des droits de l’homme pour alerter la communauté


internationale et soutenir les efforts diplomatiques à l’ONU en vue de l’adoption de résolutions sur la sécurité des journalistes.


Depuis 2020, la PEC suit également l’évolution de la mortalité due à la Covid-19 parmi les journalistes. Elle décerne un prix annuel


à un individu ou organisation ayant œuvré à la protection des travailleurs des médias.


Pour plus d’infos : www.pressemblem.ch, www.malimedias.com




PEC appoints new Representative for Africa


Geneva, February 5, 2022 (PEC) The Steering Committee of the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) has appointed its new Regional Representative


for Sub-Saharan Africa, Mr. Touré Hamidou Elhadji. Journalist, Media and Security expert, director of the online newspaper malimedias.com,


Mr. Touré is also Coordinator of journalists of G5 Sahel, President of the International Network of Francophone Journalists for Civil Status and


Citizenship and member of the International Union of the Francophone Press (UPF).


The choice was not easy in view of the quality of the applicants. The members of the committee ended up choosing Mr. Touré, experience,


independence, availability and responsiveness being among the criteria required. Mr. Touré will use his address book, his relations with his


colleagues in African countries and his contacts on social networks with the aim of strengthening the protection of journalists in sub-Saharan


Africa. The PEC expects that the Regional Representative closely follows media news in the region, alerts the PEC board in Geneva and reacts


very quickly if necessary to denounce possible abuses.


"We congratulate Hamidou Touré and look forward to working with the director of malimedias.com to better cover African news, as we do for


Latin America, Asia and the Middle East," said PEC Secretary General Blaise Lempen. "Last year, 12 journalists were killed in Africa, a rising


figure, and this alarming trend must be stopped," he added.


The PEC is an international, independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization. It aims to strengthen the protection of journalists around


the world. It was founded in 2004 in Geneva by a group of professional journalists, most of them UN correspondents. Since 2010, it has had


special consultative status at the UN. It is managed by a steering committee of ten members of several nationalities.


The PEC makes regular reports on journalists killed around the world and press releases for Press Freedom Day on May 3 and Day against


Impunity on November 2. It intervenes at the Human Rights Council to alert the international community and support diplomatic efforts at the


UN with a view to adopting resolutions on the safety of journalists. Since 2020, the PEC has also been monitoring the evolution of mortality


due to Covid-19 among journalists. It awards an annual prize to an individual or organization that has worked to protect media workers.



01.02.2022. 12 journalists killed in one month, PEC demands justice to bereaved families

En français après l'anglais

Geneva, February 1, 2022 (PEC) - Expressing shock over the murder of a record number of 12 journalists killed in the first month of 2022, the global media safety and rights body Press Emblem Campaign demands justice and adequate compensation to the bereaved family.

PEC laments that another journalist has been cowardly assassinated in  Mexico. The slain journalist is Roberto Toledo, of 55 years of age, gunned down on Monday, January 31st, 2022, in the municipality of Zitacuaro, Michoacan. He worked for the Monitor Michoacan news outlet. Toledo is the 4th journalist killed in less than a month in Mexico. If the current continues, we could be having one journalist per week being killed in the county.

PEC also condemns the murder of another journalist in Pakistan within a week and urges Pak Prime Minister Imran Khan to punish the perpetrators under the law of the land. Mentionable is that Ghulam Murtaza Shar (32), who was associated with private Urdu news channel Ummat, faced bullets from two armed men riding a two-wheeler at Jhol town of Sindh  province in western Pakistan on 30 January 2022.  Shar sustained multiple injuries in the attack and later succumbed on his way to the hospital. The local authority claimed that Shar was killed because of marriage disputes.

Earlier, Lahore-based journalist Hasnain Shah (45) was killed on 24 January by two bike-riders outside the local press club in Simla
Pahari point. The murder of Shah, who was a prominent crime reporter working for a local news channel, witnessed massive outrages by the
journo-bodies across the south Asian nation and many of them demonstrated their anger on the streets.

“The first month of 2022 has brought depressing news as twelve media workers had lost their lives to assailants. Mexico witnessed the
murder of four scribes (namely Jose Luis Gamboa, Margarito Martinez, Lourdes Maldonado and Roberto Toledo), followed by Pakistan (Hasnain Shah & Murtaza Shar),   Haiti (Amady John Wesley & Wilguens Louissaint), Kazakhstan (Muratkhan Bazarbayev), Myanmar (Pu Tui Dim), Honduras (Pablo Isabel Hernandez Rivera) and Phillppines (Jaynard Angeles),” said Blaise Lempen, PEC secretary-general.

In 2021, 79 journalists were killed in 29 countries. Afghanistan emerged as the most dangerous country with 12 casualties, followed by Mexico (10 dead), Pakistan (7), India (6), the Philippines (4), etc. revealed PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria, adding that it lost media enthusiasts namely Ajay Laalwani, Waseem Alam, Abdul Wahid Raisani,  Kashif Hussain, Shahid Zehri, Nazim Samwal Jokhio and Muhammad Zada to assailants last year.

01.02.2022. 12 journalistes tués en un mois, la PEC demande justice

Genève, le 1er février 2022 (PEC) - Se déclarant choquée par le meurtre d'un nombre record de 12 journalistes au cours du premier mois de 2022,
 la Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) demande justice et une indemnisation adéquate aux personnes endeuillées des familles.

La PEC déplore qu'un autre journaliste ait été lâchement assassiné au Mexique. Le journaliste assassiné est Roberto Toledo, âgé de 55 ans, 
abattu le lundi 31 janvier 2022, dans la municipalité de Zitacuaro, Michoacan. Il a travaillé pour le média Monitor Michoacan. Toledo est 
le 4e journaliste tué en moins d'un mois au Mexique. Si cette tendance continue, nous pourrions avoir un journaliste par semaine tué dans le pays.

La PEC condamne également le meurtre d'un autre journaliste au Pakistan en une semaine et exhorte le Premier ministre pakistanais Imran 
Khan à punir ses auteurs. Ghulam Murtaza Shar (32), qui travaillait pour la chaîne privée Ummat, a re4u des balles d’hommes conduisant 
un deux-roues dans la ville de Jhol, dans la province du Sindh, dans l'ouest du Pakistan, le 30 janvier. Shar a subi de multiples blessures lors 
de l'attaque et y a ensuite succombé en se rendant à l'hôpital. L'autorité locale a affirmé que Shar avait été tué à cause de disputes de mariage.

Auparavant, le journaliste de Lahore Hasnain Shah (45 ans) avait été tué le 24 janvier par deux cyclistes devant le club de la presse locale à 
Simla Pahari Point. Le meurtre de Shah, qui était un éminent journaliste spécialisé dans la criminalité travaillant pour une chaîne d'information
 locale, a été l’occasion de manifestations d'indignation massives de la part des journalistes à travers la nation sud-asiatique et nombre d'entre 
eux ont exprimé leur colère dans les rues.

« Le premier mois de 2022 a apporté des nouvelles déprimantes puisque douze travailleurs des médias ont perdu la vie aux mains d'assaillants. 
Le Mexique a été témoin du meurtre de quatre journalistes (à savoir Jose Luis Gamboa, Margarito Martinez, Lourdes Maldonado et Roberto 
Toledo), suivi du Pakistan (Hasnain Shah et Murtaza Shar), d'Haïti (Amady John Wesley et Wilguens Louissaint), du Kazakhstan (Muratkhan 
Bazarbayev), du Myanmar (Pu Tui Dim), du Honduras (Pablo Isabel Hernandez Rivera) et des Philippines (Jaynard Angeles) », a souligné 
Blaise Lempen, secrétaire général de la PEC.

En 2021, 79 journalistes ont été tués dans 29 pays. L'Afghanistan a été le pays le plus dangereux avec 12 victimes, suivi du Mexique (10 morts),
 du Pakistan (7), de l'Inde (6), des Philippines (4), etc.
25.01.2022. PAKISTAN. PEC condemns Pakistan journalist’s murder, demands justice to bereaved family

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condemns the murder of Lahore-based Pakistani journalist
Hasnain Shah on 24 January 2022 and demands justice to the Pak media fraternity. It urges Prime Minister Imran Khan to identify the perpetrators to punish them under the law and offer adequate compensation to the bereaved family comprising his wife and two children.

Local media reports that  Shah (45) was shot dead by two unidentified bike-riders outside Lahore Press Club in Simla Pahari point on Monday afternoon. A well-known crime reporter of Capital TV (an Urdu-language news channel), Shah was also a member of the press club. Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists, Council of Pakistan Newspaper Editors along with other journo-bodies condemned the killing and demonstrated their angers on the street.

Pakistan information & broadcasting minister Chaudhry Fawad Hussain also expressed shock and condemned the incident stating that the government stood with the heirs of deceased and the journalist community in this hour of grief. Punjab province government chief Usman Bazdar  ordered a probe into the murder and the police have registered a case asserting that they would try their best to nab the culprits.

“New year begins with sad news as 10 media workers have lost their lives to assailants within four weeks. Mexico witnessed the murder of three scribes (Jose Luis Gamboa, Margarito Martinez and Lourdes Maldonada), followed by Haiti (Amady John Wesley and Wilguens Louissaint), Kazakhstan (Muratkhan Bazarbayev), Myanmar (Pu Tui Dim), Honduras (Pablo Isabel Hernandez Rivera), Philippines (Jaynard Angeles) and Pakistan (Hasnain Shah),” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC.

PEC’s south Asia representative Nava Thakuria revealed that Pak-neighbour Afghanistan emerged as the most dangerous country for journalists with 12 casualties last year, followed by Mexico (10 dead), Pakistan (7), India (6), the Philippines (4), etc. Pakistan
lost media enthusiasts namely Ajay Laalwani, Waseem Alam, Abdul Wahid Raisani,  Kashif Hussain, Shahid Zehri, Nazim Samwal Jokhio and Muhammad Zada to assailants during 2021.

24.01.2022. World media continues to lose scribes to Covid-19 - Article published in Weekly Ishan Darpan (India)

by Blaise Lempen, PEC Secretary-General

Geneva, Switzerland: As the year 2021 comes to an end, let’s discuss how many journalists have lost their battles against the novel corona virus infection related ailments. The Covid-19 pandemic snatched away the lives of at least 1400 scribes (meaning almost 4 media personalities per day) last year. Since March 2020, the pandemic has killed nearly 2000 media workers in 94 countries.

Shockingly, no continent is spared by the pandemic. Of the corona casualties among journalists since the beginning till the end of 2021, Latin America led with half of the victims (955 deaths). Asia follows with 556 dead, ahead of Europe (263), then Africa (98) and North America (68). More than 50 casualties are still under investigation. The actual number of victims is certainly higher, as the causes of journalists' deaths are sometimes not specified or their deaths not announced. In some countries, there is no reliable information. The 2000 figure is a low estimate.


After a spike in deadly infections in the first half of 2021, the death toll thankfully slowed in the second half thanks to advances in vaccination. We hope that this slowdown will continue in 2022 but remain worried by the high number of infections caused by the Omicron variant. Since March 2020, Brazil is the country with the heaviest death toll with 296 media workers who died from the
coronavirus. India is second with at least 281 victims, ahead of Peru (199), Mexico (123), Colombia (80), Bangladesh (68). India’s other neighbours lost relatively a lower number of journalists to the pandemic. Pakistan reported 27 corona-casualties among journalists, followed by Nepal (23), Afghanistan (10), Sri Lanka (2), Myanmar (1). Bhutan and Maldives have not reported any media corona victim.


We appealed to the Indian Union government in New Delhi to declare working journalists as frontline warriors and provide an opportunity to get vaccinated (including the third or booster dose) on a priority basis. New Delhi has started disposing compensation packages (Indian rupees five hundred thousand each) to those families, which lost working journalists to the virus (over 125 families have already been paid). Now the State government (including administrations in Union territories) should announce separate compensation packages.


PEC’s representative Nava Thakuria reported that till now Odisha government has offered ₹ 15 lakh to each corona-media victim family, followed by Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Punjab governments (₹ 10 lakh to each family). Both Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh governments declared ₹ 5 lakh, followed by Bihar government ₹ 4 lakh and Telangana government ₹ 2 lakh each. India’s north-eastern region has lost over 20 scribes to Covid-19 till date. Assam witnessed the highest number of corona-casualties among media persons followed by Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya.


Meanwhile, 15 media persons have died of corona-complications since 1 January 2022 till date, among them 4 deaths were reported in the United States of America, followed by India (2, victims are Dinkar Raikar and Ibrahim Ashk) and one each in Argentina, Brazil, France, Egypt, Iran, Mexico, Rep Dominican, Colombia and Uruguay.


On the other hand, the world media fraternity has lost 79 journalists in 29 countries to assailants during 2021, where Afghanistan and Mexico emerged as the most dangerous countries for journalists. The bygone year has however marked a little improvement in journo-murder index by 14% (as 92 scribes fell prey to assailants in 2020). Afghanistan reported the killing of 12 journalists
last year, followed by Mexico (10 dead), Pakistan (7), India (6), Myanmar, Bangladesh (2 each), etc.


India, which lost highest number of 15 journalists to assailants in 2020, witnessed the murder of Buddhinath Jha (journalist cum right to information activist) in Bihar on 12 November 2021. Prior to him, the populous country lost five journalists namely Ashu Yadav, Sulabh Srivastava, Ch. Keshav, Manish Kumar Singh and Raman Kashyap to assailants. Indian photojournalist Danish Siddiqui was killed in Afghanistan. India’s neighbours (except Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar) namely Bhutan,
Nepal, Maldives and Sri Lanka had not reported any incident of journo-murder last year.


Since the start of 2022, 6 more media workers have been killed globally. PEC has already condemned the killing of Pu Tui Dim by the Burmese military in Chin State of Myanmar, of Amady John Wesley and Wilguens Louissaint (murdered by gang criminals in Port-au-Prince in Haiti) and of Muratkhan Bazarbayev (of Almaty TV in Kazakhstan). Two journalists Jose Luis Gamboa and Margarito Martinez were also assassinated in Mexico. It indicates a grim start for the new year. PEC demands justice to
all victims as well as adequate compensations to the bereaved families from the concerned governments.


21.01.2022. MYANMAR. Burmese junta continues to arrest scribes, PEC condemns military atrocities

by Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: As the military rulers of Myanmar (also known as Burma and Brahmadesh) continue to arrest scribes in the south-east Asian country, the global media safety & rights body Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) condemns the Burmese junta (also known as Tatmadaw) and demands the unconditional release of all 45 journalists still behind the bars since 1 February 2021 coup that deposed the democratically elected Aung San Suu Kyi-led government in Naypietaw.

Local media outlets in Yangon, Myanmar’s former capital, reported that the Min Aung Hlaing-led military junta has lately arrested two reporters namely Ko Zaw and Ma Moe Myint from Dawei, the headquarter of Tanintharyi region in southern Myanmar, on 19 January 2022. Along with them, a media employee Ko Thar Gyi, who also works for DaweiWatch Burmese news portal (www.daweiwatch.com), was also detained.


Even offices of the media outlet, which primarily covers socio-political events taking place in the southern localities of
Myanmar, were also raised by the military personnel and they seized documents as well. The portal lately reported about the worsening human rights situation in Tanintharyi region as over 50 civilians were killed and nearly 900 have been imprisoned since the coup day.


“The Burmese junta continues to arrest media workers, raid news-desks and threaten media houses with brutal laws with an aim to silence the media. It arrested over 125 journalists in the last 11 months. Among them 45 scribes are yet to be released, which is shocking,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch) adding that they must be released and allowed to perform their duties and media workers.


PEC’s south-east Asia representative Nava Thakuria informed that three Burmese journalists lost their lives because of military atrocities within 30 days. Freelance photojournalist Ko Soe Naing lost his life on 14 December under military custody. Later journalist Sai Win Aung of FederalNews  died of head injuries caused by the Tatmadaw-operated shells on 25 December. Khonumthung news agency editor Pu Tui Dim died in military firing on 9 January last.


10.01.2022. MYANMAR. PEC demands probe into Chin journalist’s killing

by Nava Thakuria, PEC India Representative

Geneva: Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), the global media safety and rights body, condemns the killing of Chin journalist Pu Tuidim by the Burmese military forces and demands a fair probe into the incidents that led to his death.  Tui Dim died in the police firing at Matupi locality of Chin State in north-western Myanmar on 9 January 2022.

The victim (35 years old) used to work for Khonumthung Media Group, an independent news agency covering Chin State, Kalay-Kabaw area, Indo-Myanmar border and overall Myanmar related issues in English and Burmese languages. Two teenagers were also killed in the police firing at the same location.

“Tuidim becomes the third journalist to be killed this year after Amady John Wesley and Wilguens Louissaint (both from Haiti). We demand authentic probes and also justice as well as adequate compensations to the victim families. Journalists must not be targeted by anyone anywhere in the world,” said  Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC.

Myanmar (known as Burma or Brahmadesh), which is presently ruled by the Min Aung Hlaing-led military junta after deposing the
democratically elected Aung San Suu Kyi-led government in Naypietaw on 1 February 2021, lost two journalists to assailants, said Nava Thakuria, PEC south-east Asian representative based in Guwahati.

Freelance photojournalist Ko Soe Naing died under military custody on 14 December and he became the first media-victims in the south-east Asian country. Naing was arrested from Yangon while he was covering an anti-junta demonstration on 10 December. Later journalist Sai Win Aung (also known as  A Sai Kay) died of head injuries caused by the Tatmadaw-operated shells at Maekheewar village in  Karen State on 25 December.

07.01.2022. Nearly 2000 journalists died with Covid-19 in 94 countries

French, Spanish and Arabic after English, list of victims on COVID-19

Geneva, January 7, 2022 (PEC) Nearly 2000 journalists died of Covid-19 in 94 countries since March 2020. Last year, in 2021, at least 1400
 media workers succumbed to the virus, that is to say 116 par month or some 4 per day on average, announced Friday in Geneva the Press 
Emblem Campaign (PEC).

No continent is spared by the pandemic. Of the 1940 journalists dead registered by the PEC since March 1, 2020, Latin America leads with half 
of the victims, or 954 deaths. Asia follows with 556 dead, ahead of Europe 263, then Africa 98 and North America 69.

More than 50 casualties are still under investigation. The actual number of victims is certainly higher, as the cause of journalists' deaths is 
sometimes not specified or their deaths not announced. In some countries, there is no reliable information. The 2000 figure is a low estimate. 
According to PEC India representative Nava Thakuria, the vast south-Asian country might have lost over 400 media workers to the pandemic, 
but a hundred of them are yet to be authenticated.

Slowdown in the number of victims

After a spike in deadly infections in the first half of 2021, the death toll thankfully slowed in the second half thanks to advances in vaccination,
said PEC Secretary-General Blaise Lempen.

For the second half of 2021, 225 deaths were registered, with an increase in Europe, ans a sharp decrease in Latin America and Asia (in 
December 25 journalists died, in November 28, in October 27, in September 33, in August 42 and in July 70). In the first half of 2021, 1175 
journalists were killed by the virus.

The PEC hopes that this slowdown will continue in 2022 but is worried by the high number of infections caused by the Omicron variant. It calls 
all media workers to take the necessary precautions including the booster vaccine.

Brazil, India and Peru with the heaviest death toll

Since March 2020, Brazil is the country with the heaviest death toll with 295 media workers who died from the coronavirus. India is second with
at least 279 victims, ahead of Peru 199, then Mexico 122, Colombia 79, Bangladesh 68.

In the United States of America at least 67 journalists died with Covid-19. Italy is the first european country with 61 dead, followed by 
Venezuela 59, Ecuador 51, Argentina 46, Indonesia 42, Russia 42, Iran 34, United Kingdom 33, Turkey 29, Dominican Republic 29, Pakistan 27,
 Nepal 23, Egypt 22, Bolivia 20, Honduras 19, South Africa 19, Spain 19 and Ukraine 19.

Next are Panama 17, Poland 14, France 11, Guatemala 11, Nigeria 11, Afghanistan 10, Nicaragua 10, Zimbabwe 10, Algeria 9, Cuba 9, 
Paraguay 8, Philippines 7, Uruguay 7, Kazakhstan 5, Kenya 5, Romania 5, Morocco 4, Cameroon 4, Iraq 4.

At least 3 journalists died of complications with Covid-19 in 6 countries : Albania, Azerbaijan, Costa Rica, Portugal, Salvador, and Sweden.

Two victims were registered in 14 countries : Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, 
Sri Lanka, Switzerland, and Uganda.

At least one in 30 countries : Angola, Barbados, Bosnia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, 
Kirghizstan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, 
Saudi Arabia,  South Korea, Thailand, Togo, Tajikistan, Tunisia, UAE, and Yemen.

The PEC tally is based on information from local media, national associations of journalists and regional PEC correspondents.


Communiqué de presse PEC

Près de 2000 journalistes sont morts du Covid-19 dans 94 pays

Genève, 7 janvier 2022 (PEC) Près de 2000 journalistes sont morts du Covid-19 dans 94 pays depuis mars 2020. L’an dernier, au moins 1400 travailleurs des médias ont succombé au virus, soit 116 par mois ou près de 4 par jour en moyenne, a annoncé vendredi à Genève la Press Emblem Campaign (Presse Emblème Campagne, PEC).

Aucun continent n’a été épargné par la pandémie. Sur les 1940 journalistes décédés recensés par la PEC depuis le 1er mars 2020, l’Amérique latine compte la moitié des victimes, avec 954 morts. L’Asie suit avec 556 morts, devant l’Europe 263, ensuite l’Afrique 98 et l’Amérique du Nord 69.

Une cinquantaine de décès supplémentaires sont encore en cours d’investigation. Le nombre réel des victimes est certainement plus élevé, alors que la cause des décès de journalistes n’est parfois pas précisée ou leur mort pas annoncée. Dans plusieurs pays, il n’y a pas d’information fiable.

Le chiffre de 2000 victimes est une estimation basse. Selon le représentant de la PEC pour l’Asie du sud, Nava Thakuria, l’Inde pourrait avoir perdu jusqu’ici plus de 400 travailleurs des médias en raison de la pandémie, mais une centaine doit encore être confirmée.

Ralentissement du nombre des victimes

Après un pic des infections mortelles dans la première moitié de 2021, le nombre des victimes a heureusement baissé dans la seconde moitié de l’année, grâce aux progrès de la vaccination, a souligné le secrétaire général de la PEC Blaise Lempen.

Pour la seconde moitié de 2021, 225 morts ont été enregistrés, avec une hausse en Europe et une forte baisse en Amérique latine et en Asie (en décembre 25 journalistes sont décédés du virus, en novembre, 28, en octobre 27, en septembre 33, en août 42 et en juillet 70). Au cours du premier semestre de 2021, 1175 journalistes ont succombé au terrible virus.

La PEC espère que ce ralentissement va se poursuivre en 2022, mais elle s’inquiète du nombre élevé d’infections par le variant Omicron. Elle appelle tous les travailleurs des médias à prendre les précautions nécessaires dont la vaccination de rappel («booster»).

Le Brésil, l’Inde et le Pérou avec le bilan le plus lourd

Depuis mars 2020, le Brésil est le pays avec le bilan le plus élevé, soit 295 travailleurs des médias morts du coronavirus. L’Inde vient au deuxième rang avec 279 victimes, devant le Pérou 199, ensuite le Mexique 122, la Colombie 79, et le Bangladesh 68.

Aux États-Unis, au moins 67 journalistes sont décédés des suites du Covid-19. L’Italie est le premier pays européen avec 61 morts, suivi par le Venezuela 59, l’Équateur 51, l’Argentine 46, l’Indonésie 42, la Russie 42, l’Iran 34, la Grande-Bretagne 33, la Turquie 29, la République dominicaine 29, le Pakistan 27, le Népal 23, l’Égypte 22,la Bolivie 20, le Honduras 19, l’Afrique du Sud 19, l’Espagne 19 et l’Ukraine 19.

Suivent le Panama avec 17 victimes, la Pologne 14, la France 11, le Guatemala 11, le Nigeria 11 également, l’Afghanistan 10, le Nicaragua 10, le Zimbabwe 10, l’Algérie 9, Cuba 9, le Paraguay 8, les Philippines 7, l’Uruguay 7, le Kazakhstan 5, le Kenya 5, la Roumanie 5, le Maroc 4, le Cameroun 4 et l’Irak 4 également.

Au moins trois journalistes sont morts avec le Covid-19 dans six pays : Albanie, Azerbaïdjan, Costa Rica, Portugal, Salvador et Suède.

Deux victimes ont été recensées dans les 14 pays suivants : Allemagne, Autriche, Belarus, Belgique, Bénin, Bulgarie, Canada, Chili, Ghana, Grèce, Guyana, Ouganda, Sri Lanka et Suisse.

Enfin, au moins une victime est à déplorer dans ces 30 pays : Angola, Arabie saoudite, Barbade, Bosnie, Corée du Sud, Émirats arabes unis, Israël, Jamaïque, Japon, Jordanie, Kirghizstan, Kosovo, Liban, Lituanie, Malaisie, Malawi, Mali, Moldavie, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nouvelle-Zélande, Norvège, Palestine, République démocratique du Congo, République tchèque, Thaïlande, Togo, Tadjikistan, Tunisie, et Yémen.

Le bilan de la PEC est basé sur les informations des médias locaux, des associations nationales de journalistes et des correspondants régionaux de la PEC.


Comunicado de prensa de PEC

Casi 2000 periodistas murieron por la Covid-19 en 94 países.


Ginebra, 7 de enero de 2022 (PEC).- Casi 2,000 periodistas murieron por la Covid-19 en 94 países desde marzo de 2020. El año pasado, en 2021, al menos 1400 trabajadores de los medios de comunicación murieron por el virus, es decir 116 por mes, o cerca de 4 por día en promedio, anunció el viernes en Ginebra la Campaña Emblema de Prensa (PEC, por sus siglas en inglés).

Ningún continente se salva de la pandemia. De los 1940 periodistas muertos registrados por la PEC desde el 1 de marzo de 2020, América Latina lidera con la mitad de las víctimas, es decir, con 954 muertes. Le sigue Asia con 556 muertos, por delante de Europa, 263 ; luego África, 98 ; y América del Norte, 69.

Aún se están investigando más de 50 víctimas. Su número real es ciertamente mayor, ya que a veces no se especifica la causa de la muerte o, en el peor de los casos, no se anuncia. Por otro lado, en algunos países, no existe información confiable.

La cifra de 2000 es una estimación baja. Según el representante de PEC para el sur de Asia, Nava Thakuria, India puede haber perdido a más de 400 trabajadores de los medios a causa de la pandemia hasta ahora, pero alrededor de 100 aún no se han autenticados.

Desaceleración del número de víctimas

Después de un aumento en las infecciones mortales en la primera mitad de 2021, afortunadamente el número de muertos disminuyó en la segunda mitad gracias a los avances en la vacunación, dijo el secretario general de la PEC, Blaise Lempen.

Para el segundo semestre de 2021, se totalizaron 225 muertes, con un aumento en Europa y una fuerte disminución en América Latina y Asia (en diciembre, 25 periodistas fallecieron, en noviembre, la PEC contó 28 víctimas ; en octobre, 27 ; en septembre, 33 ; en agosto, 42 y, en julio, 70). En la primera mitad de 2021, 1,175 periodistas fallecieron por complicaciones debidas a la Covid-19.

La PEC espera que esta desaceleración continúe en 2022, pero está preocupada por el alto número de infecciones causadas por la variante Omicron. Llama a todos los trabajadores de los medios de comunicación a tomar las precauciones necesarias, incluida la vacuna de refuerzo.

Brasil, India y Perú con el mayor número de muertos

Desde marzo de 2020, Brasil es el país con el mayor número de muertos con 295 trabajadores de los medios de comunicación que murieron a causa del coronavirus. India ocupa el segundo lugar con 279 víctimas, por delante de Perú 199, luego México 122, Colombia 79, Bangladesh 68.

En los Estados Unidos de América, al menos 67 periodistas murieron con Covid-19. Italia es el primer país europeo con 61 muertos, seguido por 59 en Venezuela ; 51 fallecidos en Ecuador ; 46 en Argentina ; 42 en Indonesia ; 42 en Rusia ; 34 en Irán ; 33 en el Reino Unido ; 29 en Turquía ; 29 en la República Dominicana ; 27 en Pakistán ; 23 en Nepal ; 22 en Egipto ; 20 en Bolivia ; 19 en Honduras ; y 19 muertos en los siguientes países : Sudáfrica, España y Ucrania.

Los siguientes son Panamá, 17 ; Polonia, 14 ; Francia, 11 ; Guatemala, 11 ; Nigeria, 11 ; Afganistán, 10 ; Nicaragua, 10 ; Zimbabwe, 10 ; Argelia, 9 ; Cuba, 9 ; Paraguay, 8 ; Filipinas, 7 ; Uruguay, 7 ; Kazajstán, 5 ; Kenia, 5 ; Rumania, 5 ; Marruecos, 4 ; Camerún, 4 ; e Irak, 4.

Al menos 3 periodistas murieron por complicaciones con Covid-19 en 6 países: Albania, Azerbaiyán, Costa Rica, Portugal, Salvador y Suecia.

Se registraron dos víctimas en 14 países: Alemania, Austria, Bielorrusia, Bélgica, Benin, Bulgaria, Canadá, Chile, Ghana, Grecia, Guyana, Uganda, Sri Lanka, y Suiza.

Al menos un periodista muerto en los siguientes 30 países: Angola, Arabia Saudita, Barbados, Bosnia, Corea del Sur, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Israel, Jamaica, Japón, Jordania, Kirguistán, Kosovo, Líbano, Lituania, Malasia, Malawi, Malí, Moldavia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nueva Zelanda, Noruega, Palestina, República Checa, República Democrática del Congo, Tailandia, Togo, Tayikistán, Túnez, y Yemen.

El recuento de la PEC se basa en información de los medios locales, asociaciones nacionales de periodistas y corresponsales regionales de la PEC.


نحو 2000 من الصحفيين قتلوا من كورونا


حنيف 7 يناير 2022 (حملة الشارة) – أعلنت حملة الشارة الدولية من مقرها في جنيف عن وفاة 2000 صحفي من وباء كورونا منذ مارس 2020 في 94 دولة. وأنه خلال العام الماضي 2021 توفى من كورونا 1400 صحفي على الأقل أي بمعدل 116 شهرياً و4 كل شهر

وأكدت حملة الشارة في بيانها في مستهل العام الجديد أنه لم تسلم قارة من الوباء وأن من بين الـ 1940 صحفي قتلوا من الوباء طبقاً لأرقام الحملة منذ 1 مارس 2020 فإن أمريكا اللاتينية شهدت وفاة نصف العدد: 955، تليها آسيا: 556، ثم أوروبا: 263، ثم إفريقيا: 98

فأمريكا الشمالية: 68

وأضافت الحملة أن التحقيق مازال قائماً في وفاة 50 حالة ومصدر الوفاة. وطبقاً لها فإن عدد 2000 صحفي قتلوا هو رقم لا يعكس الواقع فقد صرح ممثل الحملة في الهند

Nava Thakuria

 فقد فقدت الهند نحو 400 صحفي بسبب الوباء ولكن اسباب وفاة مائة منهم ما زالت محل بحث.

وصرح سكرتير عام الحملة بليز ليمبان أنه من حسن الطالع أن الوباء بدأ في التخفيف من شراسته في النصف الثاني من 2021 بسبب استخدام التطعيمات على مدى واسع.

في النصف الثاني من 2021 تم تسجيل 225 حالة وفاة من كورونا بزيادة كبيرة في أوروبا وأنخفاض حاد في أمريكا اللاتينية وآسيا: في ديسمبر قتل 25، وفي نوفمبر 28، وفي أكتوبر 27، وفي ستمبر 33، وفي أغسطس 42 وفي يوليو 70. في النصف الأول من 2021 توفى بسبب كورونا 1175.

وتأمل حملة الشارة استمرار انخفاض الأعداد إلا أنها تعرب عن قلقها بسبب زيادة الاصابات من أوميكرون، وتطالب كل العاملين في الاعلام بأخذ الجرعات الاضافية من التطعيم

ومنذ مارس 2020 تتصدر البرازيل الدول بوفاة 295 من الصحفيين، ثم الهند: 279، ثم بيرو: 199، ثم المكسيك: 122، فكولومبيا: 79، فبنجلاديش: 68

وتوفى من كورونا في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية 66، وإيطاليا 61، ففنزويلا: 59، الايكوادور: 51، الأرجنتين 46، إندونيسيا 42، روسيا: 42، إيران: 34، المملكة المتحدة: 33، تركيا: 29، جمهورية الدومينيكان: 29، باكستان: 27، نيبال: 23، مصر: 22، بوليفيا 20، هندوراس: 19، جنوب إفريقيا: 19، أسبانيا: 19، أوكرانيا: 19.

ثم بنما: 17، بولنده: 14، فرنسا: 11، جواتيمالا: 11، نيجيريا: 11، أفغانستان: 10، نيكاراجوا: 10، زيمبابوي: 10، الجزائر: 9، كوبا: 9، باراجواي: 8، الفلبين: 7، أوروجواي: 7، كازاخستان: 5، كينيا: 5، رومانيا: 5، المغرب: 4، الكاميرون: 4، العراق: 4.  

وقتل على الأقل 3 صحفيين في 6 دول هي البانيا وأذربيجان وكوستا ريكا، والبرتغال، والسلفادور، والسويد. .

وتوفى 2 في كل من النمسا وبيلاروس وبنين وبلغاريا، وكندا، وشيلي، وألمانيا، وغانا، واليونان، وجويانا، وسريلانكا، وسويسرا، وأوغندا.

كما توفى صحفي واحد في 30 دولة هي: أنجولا، باربادوس، البوسنة، جمهورية التشيك، جمهورية الكونغو الديمقراطية، إسرائيل، جامايكا، اليابان، الأردن، كيرغيستان، كوسوفو، لبنان، ليثوانيا، ماليزيا، مالاوي، مالي، مولدوفا، موزامبيق، ماينمار، نيوزيلاند، النرويج، فلسطين، المملكة العربية السعودية، كوريا الجنوبية، تايلاند، توجو، تاجيكستان، تونس، الإمارات العربية المتحدة، واليمن..

برجاء تصفح موقع الحملة لمزيد من المعلومات


05.01.2022. INDIA. PEC demands actions against online abusers of women scribes

by Nava Thakuria, PEC South Asia Representative

Geneva: Expressing shock over the repeated incident of targeting women, including many Indian scribes in social media, the global media safety and rights body Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) demands proper actions against the individuals behind the ‘Bulli Bai’ online application.

It may be mentioned that over a hundred women, probably all are Muslims, were listed with photographs in the app as readied for online auction (to sell as maids) in the first week of January 2022. Those included in the list belong to various professions including
journalism. Lately the app is being closed down.


This is not the first time that a group of women is put on public auction. A similar humiliating app ‘Sulli Deals’ was made public in
July 2021 targeting nearly 80 minority community women. Though there was no actual auction, the initiative was enough to abuse the women, who remained otherwise vocal against various injustices.


Meanwhile, a police complaint has been lodged in the capital city of India after a number of women activists expressed their dismays over the app. After New Delhi, similar complaints were also registered in Mumbai city also under various sections of Indian laws dealing with gender bias, sexual harassment, religious enmity, etc.


“We urge the Indian federal government in New Delhi to take necessary actions against the perpetrators. Virtual attacks against the journalists are seemingly aimed to discourage them in performing their duties, which can not be accepted,” said Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC (www.pressemblem.ch)


PEC’s Ind